After living in the Netherlands for five years, foreign nationals and their family members can apply for a Dutch permanent residence permit.Once you have lived in the Netherlands for five continuous years, depending on your nationality and circumstances in the Netherlands, you can be eligible for either Dutch or European permament residence. Citizens from the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA – EU plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) and Switzerland are eligible for European permanent residence, as well as their family members regardless of nationalty. Non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens are also eligible for permanent residency, although they will be assessed for either long-term resident-EC status or ‘regular’ Dutch permanent residency, depending on which conditions they fulfil. Certain foreign residents in the Netherlands are also eligible for Dutch citizenship after five or 10 years (three years in certain cases, such as marriage to a Dutch citizen). Read more about getting Dutch citizenship. This guide answers some important questions on getting permanent residency:
- What are the benefits of Dutch permanent residence?
- Permanent residence for EU/EEA/Swiss nationals
- Application procedure, documents and fees for European nationals
- Permanent residence for non-EU/EEA/Swiss nationals
- Requirements to qualify for permanent residence as a non-European
- Application for non-European nationals
- When your permanent residency expires
- Information and help on permanent residence
DocumentsYou’ll need to show evidence of your personal circumstances. For example:
- evidence that you’ve lived in the Netherlands for the entire five-year period (for example, an employment contract or a health insurance policy providing five years of coverage);
- if you’re a family member of an EU/EEA or Swiss citizen, the residence document which granted you permission to stay in the Netherlands on the basis of that relationship;
- if you’re retired, you’ll need evidence that you were working for at least one year before your retirement;
- if you’ve been declared unfit for work, evidence that you worked for two years in the Netherlands beforehand;
- if you’re a cross border worker, proof that you stayed and worked in the Netherlands for three years before getting a job in another EU state, that you still have your home in the Netherlands, and that you return at least once a week.
FeesYou have to pay a fee for the IND to process your application, which is non-refundable if your application is rejected. This is currently EUR 50 (2016 fee), although prices are reviewed each year. For the latest fees, click here.
Processing timesThe IND aims to decide on applications within eight weeks. For non-EU/EEA/Swiss family members, the processing time is a maximum of six months.
What happens next?Once the IND has processed your application, you will be sent a letter with the decision. If you are granted permanent residence, you will be invited to collect the document about two weeks later at a regional IND desk.
- have lived continuously in the Netherlands for five years;
- have a valid residence permit for a non-temporary purpose of stay;
- are sufficiently integrated in Dutch society.
- You must have held a temporary residence permit for at least five consecutive years. If, during your stay, a temporary permit expired and you didn’t apply to extend it nor apply for another permit in time, you might end up with a ‘residence gap’, which can mean your stay, even if it has been more than five years overall, may not be classified as ‘continuous’. Read what happens when your residence permit expires.
- You should currently hold a residence permit for a non-temporary purpose, for example, employment (with a minimum of a one-year contract), work as a highly skilled migrant, or for family reunification (depending on the permit of the family member).
- You have to prove you have ‘sufficient‘ long-term income. For example, a single person must have an income of EUR 1,152.60 gross per month (including holiday pay), although figures are reviewed twice a year. For the latest figures, click here.
- You must not be a risk to the public order or national security.
- You have to prove that you are integrated into Dutch society, and can speak, read and write Dutch by taking a civic integration exam or having a comparable diploma. In some cases you are exempt from this requirement.
DocumentsYou’ll need to submit certain documents to show evidence of your personal circumstances. These may include:
- a copy of a valid passport or other official travel ID;
- proof of income (eg. bank statements);
- a civic integration diploma or comparable diploma (read more on the IND website).