A helpful guide to the Dutch passport application process, the types of Dutch passport available to internationals, and more.
Find out all you need to know about Dutch passports for expats. If you’ve moved to the Netherlands and have taken Dutch citizenship, you will be eligible for a Dutch passport and will be able to travel around the world as an EU citizen. You will need to follow specific procedures to obtain your passport and this guide will take you through the key steps, as well as explaining some key facts about Dutch passports.
The guide will cover:
- Passport benefits
- Passport eligibility
- How to apply for a Dutch passport
- How to renew or replace a passport
- Passport costs
There is also a further information section at the end of the guide with links to useful websites and web pages containing more detailed information about Dutch passports.
The Dutch passport
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs within the Government of the Netherlands issues passports. Since 2006, all Dutch passports are biometric passports containing a chip with the holder’s biographic data including fingerprints.
The standard biometric passport is a small burgundy booklet containing 34 pages as well as a biometric chip. The main page of the passport will feature the passport holder’s photograph, key personal information, and unique passport number. They will also contain your Dutch Citizen Service Number (BSN) if you have one.
Other types of passport available are:
- Business passport – special passport for business use, containing 66 pages.
- Diplomatic passport – passport for government representatives traveling on official business and offering diplomatic immunity. Contains 66 pages.
- Service passport – the same as the diplomatic passport but without offering diplomatic immunity.
- Emergency passport – special temporary passport with a pink cover issued in emergency situations.
- Alien’s passport – special Dutch passport for foreigners with a green cover for residents of the Netherlands without citizenship who are unable to obtain a passport from their home country
Those who make regular trips abroad for business purposes can also apply for a second passport, which is valid for two years.
The Dutch passport is one of two main types of ID available to Dutch citizens. The other form of ID is the Dutch national ID card. This enables you to travel around the EU. It can also be used as a general identity card and proof of citizenship. A passport is necessary for worldwide travel, however.
Passport benefits include:
- enabling you to leave and re-enter the Netherlands as many times as you wish while the passport is valid
- allowing you to travel worldwide as a Dutch and EU citizen
- the ability to travel to 155 countries either visa-free or getting a visa on arrival. The Netherlands is currently ranked 15th in the world on the Passport Index
In certain circumstances, you may also be entitled to dual nationality and have two passports. The Dutch government aims to limit dual nationality as much as possible; most people acquiring Dutch citizenship must renounce the citizenship of their home nation. However, dual nationality is permitted to spouses/partners of Dutch nationals, refugees, and nationals of certain countries (e.g., Greece, Iran, Morocco) where giving up your nationality is not legally possible.
Anyone who is a citizen of the Kingdom of the Netherlands has passport eligibility. Foreign residents wanting to become Dutch citizens can do so after living in the Netherlands for five continuous years (three years if married to a Dutch national) if they have sufficient knowledge of Dutch language, can pass the civic integration examination, and have no serious recent criminal record.
See our guide to Dutch citizenship for more information.
You can apply for a Dutch passport at either of the following:
- Any Dutch embassy or consulate abroad. Details available here
- Municipal offices of these towns and cities – Bergen op Zoom, Bergeijz, Breda, Echt-Susteren, Enschede, Haarlemmermeer, Maastricht, Montferland, Oldambt, The Hague, Venlo
You need to attend in person and bring along a completed passport application form, a photograph that meets the passport requirements, and proof of your Dutch nationality (e.g., Dutch ID card or citizenship papers). Children applying for a passport will need to be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.
You can download both Dutch and English language versions of the Dutch passport application form here. The English form is a translation; you must fill in the Dutch version of the form. You can also apply for a Dutch passport online here.
Information on the criteria for passport photos is available here.
Passports usually take several weeks to issue. You will need to collect them from the municipal office, Dutch embassy, or consulate where you made the application. If you are unable to collect your passport (e.g., due to mobility issues), you may be able to arrange to have the passport posted to you.
Dutch passports are valid for 10 years (5 years for children under 18). It is not possible to make a passport renewal. Instead, you must apply for a new passport in the same way as you would if you were getting a first passport. You can use your old/expired passport as proof of Dutch nationality. If you hold dual nationality, it is important that you apply for a new passport before your current passport expires otherwise you risk losing your Dutch nationality.
In case your passport is lost or stolen, report it to the local police as soon as possible. You should also contact either your local municipal office or Dutch embassy about getting a replacement passport. If you need a replacement passport urgently, you may be issued with an emergency travel document – either an emergency Dutch passport or a Laissez-Passer, which is an eight-page emergency travel document with a blue cover.
There is a 24-hour Emergency Documents Desk at Schiphol Airport. You can find it between Departures 1 and Departures 2.
Dutch passport costs are:
- Adult passport issued within the Netherlands: €99.08
- Child passport issued within the Netherlands: €85.84
- Adult passport issued abroad: €128.44
- Child passport issued abroad: €115.20
- Emergency passport/Laissez-Passer: €46.61
The Dutch passport fee is for processing your application. It is non-refundable, even if your application is rejected.