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Home Moving to France Visas & Immigration How to get a French passport
Last update on April 04, 2022

Learn about the French passport advantages, along with whether you need to surrender your existing one in order to complete the French passport application. Read on to discover more about applying for un passeport Français.

If you are a foreign resident in France that has acquired French citizenship, you can apply to get a France passport so that you can travel around the world as an EU citizen. A French passport will allow you to enter many non-European countries without requiring a visa and, as France allows dual nationality, getting a French passport will mean that you can have two passports.

This guide to how to get a French passport includes:

There is also a further information section at the end of the guide with links to useful websites and web pages containing additional information on the passeport Francais (French passport). 

The French passport

The French passport is one of two forms of ID you are entitled to upon obtaining French citizenship, the other being the French national ID card (Carte Nationale d’Identite). The national ID card allows you to travel freely around the EU, but you will need a passport to travel outside of Europe.

France now issues biometric passports, and as of June 2009, all French passports issued to carry the holder’s biometric data including digital photograph and fingerprints. This is in line with current EU requirements.

The standard French biometric passport is a small dark red 32-page booklet with a microcontroller containing the holder’s biographic information. As with many passports, the key personal information – photograph, signature, personal details including height and eye colour, and unique passport number – is printed on a single page at the back of the passport.

French passport renewal

French passports are issued by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development and are available from town halls in France and from French embassies and consulates abroad.

French passport benefits

If you get a French passport, you will enjoy certain additional benefits with your French citizenship. French passport advantages include:

  • being able to travel freely in and out of France an unlimited amount of times while the passport is valid
  • the ability to travel around the world as a French and EU citizen
  • the option of having dual nationality and have two passports, as long as your country of origin also permits this
  • the freedom to travel to 156 countries either without a visa or getting a visa on arrival. France is eighth in the world on the Passport Index

Passport eligibility

Passport eligibility is based on French citizenship. In order to get French citizenship, you must have lived in France for five continuous years and be able to prove that you have integrated into French society through knowledge of the French language, culture, and citizenship responsibilities.

The five-year residency period is lower in certain circumstances such as being married to a French citizen or having a French parent. See our guide to French citizenship for more information.

Applying for a passport

You can apply for a French passport at the following places:

  • any French town hall if you live in France. A list of town halls is available here
  • the Police Prefecture if you live in Paris
  • any French embassy or consulate if you live abroad. A list of French embassies and consulates is available here

You can fill out an online pre-application passport form here if you have an online account and made the payment for your passport upfront.

You will need to provide the following to accompany your French passport application:

  • ID card (or birth certificate and proof of French nationality if you do not have a French ID card)
  • Photograph that conforms with the passport guidelines
  • Biometric data (taken at the location you are making your application)
  • Pre-application number if you filled in an online pre-application
  • Proof of address
  • Passport fee or proof of payment of fee

The passport takes a few days for issue. The exact time depends on your location and the time of the application; for example, it takes longer to issue a passport before the summer holidays). When the passport is ready, you’ll receive an SMS to inform you that it is ready for collection. You must collect the passport within three months.

For a French passport application made by a child aged under 18, the child must be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.

Renewing a French passport

The standard French passport is valid for 10 years or 5 years for children under 18. You must renew the passport once it expires. You can apply for a replacement if your passport is lost or stolen.

The procedure for passport renewal is similar to applying for a first passport, except that you will need to bring along your existing passport instead of other ID. If your French passport has already expired and is more than five years out of date (or more than two years if an older model rather than a French biometric passport), you will need to bring along either your French national ID or a birth certificate together with proof of French citizenship.

You can renew your passport either before or after the expiry date. If you renew before your current passport has expired, the validity period on your new passport won’t be reduced.

If your passport is lost or stolen, you should report the incident to either a town hall or police station in France or a French embassy or consulate plus local police if abroad. To apply for a replacement passport, you will need to go through the same procedures as applying for or renewing a standard passport.

In certain circumstances, you can apply for an emergency temporary passport. This can be issued if you are in an emergency situation such as being displaced for humanitarian, medical or professional reasons. Emergency passports are usually made available on the same day.

French passport application

Where you can apply for them will depend on where you are located. You can find out the nearest location to you by submitting your postcode here.

Passport costs

The current passport costs are:

  • Standard passport – €86
  • Passport purchased abroad from an embassy or consulate – €96
  • Replacement or renewal – €86
  • Passport replacement/renewal abroad from an embassy/consulate – €96
  • Emergency temporary passport – €30
  • Emergency temporary passport abroad from an embassy/consulate – €45
  • Passport for child aged 0-14 – €17 (€27 if abroad from an embassy/consulate)
  • Passport for a child aged 15-17 – €42 (€52 if abroad from an embassy/consulate)
  • Emergency temporary passport for a child – €30 (€45 if abroad from an embassy/consulate)

To pay for a French passport, you need to purchase a tax stamp which can be purchased online, in some newsagents and in some financial and tax centres.

Further information

  • Service-Public France, French government public services website with information about passports
  • Website of the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Development, who issue French passports
  • Website of the French Office of Immigration and Integration
  • Make an online pre-application for a passport
  • Tracking service for passports where you can track your application