Jobs in Germany

Work in Germany: Finding a job in Germany

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If you're hunting for a job in Germany, here's a guide on where to look for jobs, plus information on the current job market, job requirements and German work permits.

If you are a foreigner looking for jobs in Germany, it can be difficult to know where to start your job hunting, especially if you are restricted to English-speaking jobs in Germany. However, if you are well qualified with a degree or vocational qualification, have work experience and can speak at least some German, you stand a good chance of finding a job in Germany, especially in certain sectors with German worker shortages.
Germany has the largest economy in Europe and the fifth largest in the world, so there are plenty of jobs in Germany for foreigners with specialist skills, although casual work is also fairly easy to come by. It is also possible to find English-speaking jobs in Germany, although in most cases even a small amount of German will be required.

This guide explains everything you need to work in Germany, including information on what jobs in Germany are available, shortage German jobs, German job websites and other places where you can find jobs in Germany for foreigners.

German job guide:

Work in Germany

Work in Germany

The job market in Germany

Germany has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the EU, reaching a record low of 5.8 percent in March 2017, while in some parts of southern Germany, such as Bavaria (where you’ll find Munich), the unemployment rate is significantly lower. A study by the German Federal Institution for Population Research showed that a third of non-EU migrants in Germany in 2010/111 found work within 12 months, although this situation has significantly changed following Germany's refugee influx since 2015. However, if you are well qualified – with a university degree or a vocational qualification such as an apprenticeship – and have work experience and a basic knowledge of German, there are much higher chances of finding a job in Germany, where such qualities are valued.

Shortage German jobs

There’s a shortage of skilled workers in certain professions in Germany. These include qualified engineers (mechanical, automotive, electrical and building), IT specialists, health and social workers and certain manufacturing positions. Professionals with vocational qualifications are also in demand in certain fields (see here for a list in German). With an increasingly older population, workers in the geriatric, health and nursing professions are also in short supply. English teaching, casual work and hospitality jobs are also available.

There are several large international firms in Germany, such as Adidas, BMW, MAN, Siemens, Volkswagen, Daimler and Eon. However, the prevalence of small and medium-sized businesses is a key feature in the German economy, with more than 90 percent of German companies being SMEs and accounting for two-thirds of jobs.

German work environment and management culture

The average working week is just over 38 hours, with a minimum of 18 days holiday a year. German business culture is traditionally hierarchical, with strong management. Germans work on carefully planned tasks and make decisions based on hard facts. Meetings are orderly and efficient and follow a strict agenda and schedule, where discussions are held with the aim of reaching compliance and a final decision. Time is a well-defined concept in German business culture and people are very punctual, and you should be too in any professional environment. The national German minimum wage was increased to EUR 8.84 per hour in 2017, and salaries in Germany are expected to be reviewed every two years. 

German work visas and residence permits

If you’re from the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland, you don’t need a permit to work in Germany as long as you have a valid passport or ID card, although registering your address is required. Read more in our guide for EU/EEA/Swiss moving to Germany.

Citizens from Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, South Korea and the US can also come to Germany without a visa, however, must apply for a German residence and work permit from their local Alien’s Authority.

Everyone else will need to get a German visa and residence permit in order to work in Germany. Whether or not you are able to get a residence permit will depend on your qualifications and the sector you want to work in. It may be hard to get a residence permit to work in Germany, but it is not worth being tempted to work in Germany illegally.

Read more in our guide to German work permits.

Languages to work in Germany

While you may find English-speaking jobs in Germany, you’ll need to be able to speak at least some German to get a job (even if you want to teach English), and it’s unlikely that you would get a professional level job without good language skills. There are many language schools in Germany if you need to brush up on your German.

Qualifications and references

There are around 60 regulated professions in Germany, including teachers, doctors and opticians. If yours is one of them, you’ll need to get your qualification recognised by the relevant German authority or professional association before you can work in Germany. Check out your occupation on Recognition in Germany and find out how to get it recognised. Contact the Central Office for Foreign Education (Zentrale Stelle für die Bewertung ausländischer Qualifikationen, ZAB) to get a foreign university degree verified. Countries signed up to the Bologna Process will have their qualifications recognised in Germany.

Germany jobs

Finding jobs in Germany

Expatica jobs

For expat-focused and English-speaking jobs in Germany, check out Expatica jobs. There is a constantly updated selection of jobs for both English speakers and speakers of other languages, in a range of different sectors.


If you’re from the EU, EEA or Switzerland, you can look for a job in Germany through the EURES (European Employment Services) website. EURES is a job portal network that is maintained by the European Commission and it’s designed to aid free movement within the EEA. As well as looking for work, you can upload your CV and get advice on the legal and administrative issues involved in working in Germany. EURES holds job fairs in spring and autumn.

Public German job sites

The Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit, BA ), the largest provider of labour market services in Germany, has a network of over 700 agencies and offices around the country. Its International Placement Service (ZAV) has information about work opportunities, including casual work. You can also post your profile on their job portal – as well as your qualifications and career highlights, you can say what kind of post you’re looking for within which type of company.

You can email them or call +49 (0)30 1815 1111 for advice. Find their job listings here or check the Agency’s page for skilled workers in shortage occupation jobs.

Job websites in Germany

Jobs in Germany are often advertised on German job and recruitment websites (Jobbörsen), with some specialising in certain industries or focused on jobs in Germany for foreigners.


English-speaking jobs in Germany


  • Academics  – academic and research jobs
  • Jobware – management and specialist
  • Staufenbiel – internships and graduate jobs
  • Stepstone – includes internships and graduate positions

Recruitment agencies in Germany

Look in the German Yellow Pages (Gelbe Seiten) under Arbeitsvermittlung for agencies. They’ll be reputable if they are members of the Federal Employer’s Association of Personnel Service Providers or Bundesarbeitgeberverband der Personaldienstleister (BAP). Before you sign on, check whether a company which will look for a job on your behalf will charge you a fee for doing so – some may ask for a hefty fee of up to EUR 2,000. You will find several international recruitment agencies operating in Germany, many of which list specialist jobs for foreigners.

Teaching English in Germany

There are lots of opportunities for native English speakers to teach English in Germany: school children, older students in language schools, private tutoring, as well as teaching professional English to staff of international companies. You’ll need to have a degree and experience as well as a TEFL qualification. You can look for TEFL jobs here and here (although many online sites liust jobs) or check international schools in Germany, language schools in Germany or German universities.

German jobs in newspapers

For highly qualified or academic jobs at national levels, buy copies of the Saturday editions of national newspapers or look online: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Suddeutsche Zeiting (Munich and the south), Die Welt, Handelsblatt (Düsseldorf), Frankfurter Rundshau, BerlinOnline and Berliner Zeitung.

Company websites

Some international companies will advertise on their company websites in both English and German. Vacancies are usually listed under Stellenangebote, Karriere or Vakanzen. Top German companies include Adidas, Aldi, BASF, Bayer, BMW, Bosch, Daimler, Deutsche Bank, E.ON, Lidl, Merck, SAP, Siemens and Volkswagen. But don’t forget the plethora of small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) that are an important part of the German economy, so check out those in your field. You can find all companies in Germany via the government's company register (in English).

Embassies and consulates

Look out for vacancies at your home country’s embassy or consulate in Germany. Whatever the job you are sure to need a high standard of spoken and written German.


For many Germans, networking is something done between friends or close colleagues, so while you can try making contacts (and therefore a job) through professional organisations and conferences don’t bank on it. LinkedIn’s Germany Business and Professional Network has job adverts. Don’t forget Expatica’s own Forums page, or link up with like-minded expats through Meetup groups or form your own. You never know who you might meet and where it might lead.

Speculative job applications

It’s totally acceptable to approach German companies with speculative applications but make sure that you do your homework thoroughly and ensure your qualifications and experience are exactly what the company is looking for.

Traineeships, interships and volunteering in Germany

Find traineeships in the EU for university graduates via the European Commission Traineeships Office (Bureau de Stages), or look for internships and summer placements at AIESEC (for students and recent graduates) or IAESTE (for students in science, engineering and applied arts). Europlacement and Intern Abroad also advertise internships.

You can also work abroad as a volunteer typically in exchange for board, food, insurance and a small allowance; for those aged between 17 and 30, find volunteer programs up to 12 months at European Voluntary Service (EVS). Concordia is another organisastion for volunteer opportunities.

English speaking jobs in Germany

Applying for a job in Germany

Once you’ve found a job in Germany to apply for, you will need to prepare your application according to German expectations. In Germany, this often means putting together an application file containing your CV, copies of your educational certificates and employer testimonials and even samples of your work, if appropriate. You’ll also need to write a cover letter to go with your application file. Plus, if you get through to the interview stage, you’ll need to know what to expect in a German job interview, and what to do – and not to do – during the interview. We provide details in our guide on how to create a German-style CV and tips for job interviews in Germany.

More information

Click to the top of our guide to jobs in Germany.


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Updated 2017.


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29 Comments To This Article

  • Jamshid posted:

    on 9th April 2017, 03:11:39 - Reply

    How can I work in Germany as an Instrument and Control Engineer?

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • Ingus posted:

    on 10th February 2017, 13:07:56 - Reply

    looking for some job in Berlins. I have a driving license A and B categories.

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • welshin posted:

    on 25th December 2016, 17:23:32 - Reply

    would you give some little recommend what kind job i should get in germany, I am is freshgraduate and i nevr had some experience yet, my becholar degree from Earth Science Of mining Engineering so what kind job i should get in germany..??

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • zimik posted:

    on 13th December 2016, 09:55:35 - Reply

    im loking for any hospitality job in germany...........

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • RAMESH posted:

    on 24th October 2016, 19:30:47 - Reply

    Hi, This Ramesh from India . I heard there are many opportunities for special education teachers to work Germany. I had 5yrs experience in Special Education and looking for a job in Germany, can you pls provide me information how to apply special education teacher jobs in Germany and getting visa process.

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • savita posted:

    on 2nd September 2016, 12:17:59 - Reply

    All I am planning to go germany in 2017 but i am very worried about job and leaving can anyone tell about job market for HR student

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • Bessie posted:

    on 26th August 2016, 12:54:06 - Reply

    Amazing post! Thanks a lot for sharing this perfect article.I really, really appreciate your time and efforts for writing such a quality article.
    I just loved it.

  • Vikrant posted:

    on 26th July 2016, 10:38:21 - Reply

    I am look for a job is SAP-Successfactors, i was in Germany for a year (2013-14). can any one suggest some good websites for jobs .

  • DAVID posted:

    on 13th June 2016, 12:24:43 - Reply

    i have completed my engineer in mechanic and MBA in marketing from bangalore INDIA with almost 3 years of working experience in india. want to work in germany as i`m still young n wanna experience the world outside.

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • Ani posted:

    on 18th February 2016, 18:27:02 - Reply

    Hi! Please can anyone help me! I am from Albania..How do I get a work permit in Germany? I have found and made a lot of interviws but nobody go and take a work permit dor me. I need the work permit to apply for a work visa. ? Do anybody know any firma in Germany (firma that makes big or small events ect) that hire foreign people and know all the procedures? I have Test Daf too.

    Thank You

    [Moderator's note: You can also post questions on our Ask the Expert free service.]

  • Rahul posted:

    on 3rd December 2015, 07:55:11 - Reply

    Very good blog post. Much thanks again .....

  • Martin posted:

    on 23rd November 2015, 12:19:16 - Reply

    This information is very helpful to me in understanding the job seeking process. Thanks!

  • KennethWilson posted:

    on 4th November 2015, 08:37:10 - Reply

    Thank you.
  • Jesse posted:

    on 21st September 2015, 20:48:50 - Reply

    I recommend that expats who are looking for a job in Germany also check out aggregates jobs in Germany from different job boards with a focus on jobs looking for native speakers of non-German languages. Expats can also post their resumes in order to be found and hired by German companies.
  • Amruta12 posted:

    on 9th June 2015, 12:29:58 - Reply

    Hi all,
    I am looking for job in embedded software engineer or automotive embedded software in Germany.I am having 3 years and 8 months experience.can anybody help me how and where should I apply ??...currently I am in India

  • Mike posted:

    on 25th April 2015, 00:05:47 - Reply

    Hi Shanja, I know the company TTA Personal GmbH They are looking for nurses in Germany and Swiss too. I can recommend it.
  • Mateusz posted:

    on 3rd February 2015, 16:22:04 - Reply

    Great article ! I will just add a couple resources from my side - 55 Places to find a job in Munich - Would you add something more to it?
  • Martina posted:

    on 12th December 2014, 14:25:38 - Reply

    Hey this is really an interesting article and your research seems to be very accurate. You know I live in Germany and had to learn how difficult it can be to find the 'job of your dreams' in this country (in SPITE of the low unemployment rate) ... but I think thanks to your tips and especially thanks to your list of job recruitment websites many others will do significantly easier.

    But to thank you (in the name of others who live her) is not the only reason I write to you. My other reason ist that I recently found an interesting job recruitment website that does'nt appear in your list and which I think falls under Specialist websites. It's a recruitment site that lists especially jobs for so called MINT students. I don't want to hide this site from you and from other MINTs that may be looking for a job at the moment, so here's the link:

    I would appreciate if you accepted my link tip and perhaps eben add it to your collection? Perhaps it may help some people ...

    Cheers, Martina

  • Pan posted:

    on 7th August 2014, 12:44:40 - Reply

    For job vacancies, check also . One of the largest network for Startup jobs
  • Shanja posted:

    on 26th May 2014, 15:28:07 - Reply

    Does anyone knows TTA Personal company? They offer me a job as a is a serious company? Any experiences?
  • Berlyn Bayabos posted:

    on 30th April 2014, 17:48:54 - Reply

    The informations you have shared are very helpful. 'Though I have a 1 little question and problem. I am a Filipina (Philippine) 25 years old, female seeking for a job I did not finish any vocational or professional course. I am currently working here in Jordan as a Domestic helper, yes a Domestic helper for 4 years now. I can do all the house jobs, Car wash, Gardening and even Caregiving. I can take care of Kids and Elders. I am a fast learner. I can speak English, not so fluent but I am patient and interested in learning. Is there anyways that I can have a DH or a Caregiver job in Germany?

    [Moderator's note: Our community can offer local advice or try our job boards]

  • rasik mohamed posted:

    on 19th April 2014, 08:57:56 - Reply

    I am going to finish my course of diploma in mechanical engineering. I need a job and I do not know any reference there to help me if anyone can help me please do it then I can come up in my life
  • Trev posted:

    on 7th February 2014, 11:30:27 - Reply

    Unfortunatly the information here isn't 100% correct and some also needs revision. An example the temporary contract (befristete Arbeitsvertrag). These can be extended several times not just once and in the unsecure market today is the norm not the exeption.
  • Ashok Degala posted:

    on 1st August 2013, 14:39:12 - Reply

    Nice Article given lot of information.
  • yeah posted:

    on 19th May 2013, 09:09:04 - Reply

    I lived for 7 years in Germany. The best i found was a job for 850 Euros with a chief who was hiring every month someone new in the position of the former worker. Never a german company replied to me. Then i went to another country and inside 1 month i had more than 5 replies.
  • Paul posted:

    on 18th May 2013, 12:26:23 - Reply

    This is typical description and answers to the questions that were on my mind moving to Germany soon to start my masters and possibly start a life there
  • rick posted:

    on 1st February 2013, 12:06:58 - Reply

    i noticed that there was no mention about pay for foreigners in Germany, allow me to clarify. if you are new to germany expect to be taken advantage of, these companies will use you and then throw you out like trash. pay for foreigners is really insulting. i have a degree and have been offered anywhere from 7,50 euro per hour up to 9,15 per hour. keep in mind with a tax class of 4 you have to subtract 38 percent for taxes, medical etc. my advice to anyone wanting to move to Germany is Don't ! my last job was security, i made 9,15 an hour, 12 hour night shifts. the Germans working along side me were making 14 and 15 euro an hour. after i heard this i quit. this country is not foreigner friendly when it comes to jobs.
  • melissa posted:

    on 18th September 2012, 00:22:57 - Reply

    Your article is by far the most informative and helpful that I have read on the internet so far. I have been searching articles and websites for weeks and just now ran across your website. It has a lot of useful information and gives me a great insight into what I would need to do to move to Germany. Thank you so very much for taking the time to make such a wonderful article!
  • shivaram posted:

    on 29th February 2012, 21:05:25 - Reply

    nice article..... given required information for national visa....
    would like to know more about EURES and their role.....