Home Education Language Learning Learning German in Germany
Last update on March 27, 2020

Relocating to Germany can be an exciting prospect. It can also be a daunting one, especially for non-German speakers. How and where can you learn German in Germany?

How will you and your children cope in a country where, to quote Mark Twain, “some words are so long that they have a perspective?” The German habit of creating seemingly unpronounceable compound words aside, there is hope. Thankfully, not every word is as long, as baffling, or as difficult to say as Rechtsschutzversicherungsgesellschaften (yes, it’s a real word, and it means, simply, legal protection insurance companies). So, learning German shouldn’t be too hard.

This guide explains that help is available to assist parents and children master the language of Goethe, Freud, and Einstein.

International School on the Rhine

The International School on the Rhine is located in the Düsseldorf – Neuss – Cologne region. It offers an excellent international education through full-day schooling in a multilingual environment. ISR offers an outstanding academic program, individual support for students, and several extra-curricular activities through a non-selective, college-preparatory education system.

This guide to learning German covers:

Why bother learning German

If you’re an English speaker, you should be able to wing it right? Well, not necessarily. Much will depend on where you settle, as English was not taught in the former East Germany; few people over the age of 40 in the east will be able to understand you.

Elsewhere, while it is quite likely that most younger people will be able to hold a conversation in English, you can’t count on it. Approximately 65% of all Germans claim to be English speakers, whereas, fellow recent immigrants aside, all your neighbors will speak German.

Approximately 100 million Europeans speak German as their first language, making it second only to Russian as Europe’s most dominant mother tongue. It is also an official language of seven countries. With an estimated 200 million German speakers around the globe, it’s one of the world’s great languages.

It almost goes without saying that if you want to have an enjoyable long-term stay in Germany, if you want to make friends, understand the television and radio, enhance your job prospects and fully grasp what’s going on around you in the office or the café, you should learn German. In fact, 60% of expats in Germany say it is difficult to live there unless you can.

More importantly, if you one day want to apply for German citizenship, you will have to prove your language proficiency as a qualifying requirement.

The good news is that there is no shortage of help available for those who want to learn, and every day is an opportunity to improve whether you are at home, at work or out and about.

Learning German before moving to Germany

If you have time, it makes sense to get a grounding in the language before relocating; it will help tremendously with administrative tasks when you arrive, searching for a home, opening a bank account, setting up utilities, and even job-hunting.

International German-language schools

The Internet is an obvious place to find helpful words and phrases, and you’ll even find online resources that take language-learning to new heights. Many reputed language-learning computer or smartphone apps can get you in the swing of things as well.

However, if you’re looking to acquire more than the basics, more formal courses will get you off to a great start:

Learning German online

If you are looking to seriously immerse yourself in the language, options to learn online are vast; you should have no trouble finding something that suits your budget. You will find some solid online German classes with the most reputed schools:

  • The Goethe-Institut: they promote the study of German abroad and are an international market leader for German tuition. Users have access several options including courses for day-to-day or leisure use, or those more suitable for professionals or students.
  • Deutsche Welle: they offer a free German course developed by the national public broadcasting network. Users have access to material tailored for their level of proficiency, from beginners to those looking to take examinations.
  • Deutsch-Uni online: they provide online comprehensive German courses, including basic, intermediate, advanced and business level German.
  • Lingoda: their private and group classes are available 24/7 and tailored to each student’s needs, providing maximum flexibility and allowing teachers and language advisers to work closely with each student to reach the desired target.
Online learning

Other popular online language-learning resources 

  • Babbel has millions of subscribers taking its award-winning courses in more than a dozen languages including German. You can start learning the language as it’s actually spoken without textbooks or grammar exercises and you can go at your own pace.
  • The BBC has a very innovative product that also includes audio files, a valuable asset when trying to learn a language.
  • Deutsch-Lernen provides 10 online lessons for beginners, 24 at an advanced level, and numerous tests and interactive language exercises.
  • FluentU has a collection of authentic videos, audio, and other learning material to help users progress to the next level in lots of languages including German. Users can take a free 15-day trial to see if it is likely to work for them.
  • GermanPod101 provides free podcasts and YouTube videos making it easy to learn not just conversational German but also cultural information that will help you better understand the local way of life. More than 1,400 audio and video lessons are available.
  • HelloTalk is a free opportunity to learn from native German speakers by chatting with them online. Effectively it operates on the swap principle as your HelloTalk contacts will require you to help them with their English.
  • Italki is a website for users to hire their own language tutors at a reasonable price. Hundreds of German teachers are listed and most offer a discounted trial so you can be sure you have one that is right for you. If you don’t want to pay for formal lessons, you can use Italki to find a language partner to practice with using Skype.
  • Radio Lingua Network has some free content that will help you to learn the basics.

Learn German with a computer or smartphone app

Since everyone learns differently, explore the teaching style used by each program before you buy. The most popular language software titles, which prices range from €30 to €150, include:

  • Fluenz German
  • Hello-Hello World
  • Instant Immersion German
  • Living Language Platinum
  • Pimsleur Comprehensive
  • RocketLanguages
  • Rosetta Stone German
  • Tell Me More German
  • Transparent Language

If you are busy and always on-the-go, you can also learn German easily using a smartphone app. Here are the top ten free apps to choose from:

  • Duolingo
  • Rosetta Stone
  • Memrise
  • Anki
  • Babbel
  • Wie geht’s German
  • Slow German
  • Der Die Das
  • DeutschAkademie
  • German verb conjugations by Brainscape
Learning languages

Learning German in Germany

Once you settle in Germany, there will be numerous opportunities to immerse yourself in the culture and improve your use and understanding of the language, whether through your daily life or with professional German lessons. The range of courses will be greater and you will be able to strike up conversations with strangers to ask for help with vocabulary and grammar. Nothing will endear you more to the locals than making an effort to communicate on their terms.

There are international and local language schools in all the main German cities and you will be able to tap into online resources at home whether you are a beginner, intermediate or advanced learner. Costs vary according to the choice of school and level and type of the course. See our list of German language schools below.

How to start learning German through daily life

While it’s possible to study your way to German-speaking proficiency, either at a college or online, you can’t fully enjoy the country if you don’t get out there and do what the locals do:

  • Find opportunities to interact with your neighbors, local shop owners, and your kids’ friends’ parents.
  • If your children are little, don’t be afraid to host play-dates: hanging out with five year-olds will organically teach you all the basic vocabulary – and they won’t judge your wonky grammar and pronunciation.
  • Join a sports club or a local society and don’t be afraid to explain to people that you are eager to learn the language. Apologize in advance for the mistakes you make and your efforts will be appreciated.
  • Always speak German with your new friends and acquaintances and persist even if they take pity on you and try to converse in English.
  • Watching television and films with subtitles in German will be a huge help.

Children learning German

The majority of schools in Germany are run by the state and are free, although parents can opt for one of the fee-paying private schools or international schools. For information on the differences between state, private, and international schools, see Expatica’s guide on how to choose a school in Germany.

If you opt for the local state school, the grade into which your children are placed will depend on how well they speak German. Children who do not speak German at home and who have not attended a German kindergarten often repeat the first or second grade, but there is no real stigma attached to this.

Since the number of non-German students has constantly risen over the years, some adaptations have been made to ease their integration. Children who were not born in Germany or whose parents do not speak German at home may be offered additional lessons in the form of preparatory classes, bilingual classes, intensive courses, and remedial classes, depending on the German state and availability.

At an international school, students become increasingly familiar with the German language every day. Initially, German will be translated into English so there are no misunderstandings; over time, English will be removed until the lessons are held almost exclusively in German.

girl with headphones

A qualified school will usually offer different language courses to meet the various levels of language acquisition and needs of the students. At the International School on the Rhine (ISR), three levels of German language courses are offered: Gf1 (A1), Gf2 (A2) and Gf3 (B1).

To help your children familiarize themselves with the German language, there is nothing quite like throwing them into the deep end of the pool: set your Netflix Kids to German, read them some German books, teach them funny words: butterfly (Schmetterling), dragon (Drachen), and (Poop). And of course, send them on play-dates with their new friends. Children are highly adaptable, and they’ll probably speak German circles around you soon.

The sooner children begin to learn German – coupled with diligence and plenty of hard work –  the higher the chances that they will master the language, speaking and writing German at a native level after a few years. It is recommended that German language learners determine their language level after two years of German language courses through an official language test.

Business-oriented German lessons

If you are relocating to Germany as a business professional, it is important to quickly become accustomed to local business culture and the language you will need to conduct your business dealings efficiently and without misunderstandings. Look for a course that can tailor your studies to your business requirements.

Expatica has an excellent guide on Learning German for Professionals and Businesses.

Official German examinations and qualifications

If you want to study at a German college or university, or if you want to acquire German citizenship, then you will have to prove your language competency.

The German Language Diploma Level 1 (Level A2/B1) is a prerequisite for foreign citizens who wish to attend a Studiekolleg, while the German Language Diploma Level 2 (Level B2/C1) is required for university. To become a naturalized German citizen, applicants must have at least a B1 language certificate or diploma.

One of the most important is the B1 Zertifikat Deutsch administered by the Goethe-Institut. It is an exam for those over 16 and is offered as a joint product of the Goethe-Institut, Austrian Language Diploma, telc GmbH, and the Learning and Research Center of the University of Freiburg (Switzerland).

The B1 Zertifikat Deutsch is based on the requirements of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and examines ability to use language independently in everyday conversation and situations at work.

The main focus is communicative competence and it is recognized as proof of German language skills by employers.


Various language schools have their own examinations which are accepted as proof of competency to the required B1 standards. You should choose a school that offers examinations that result in a TestDaf, DSH, Goethe or Telc-Test certificate. Lingoda offers a guide to these, including prices.

List of language schools in Germany

Here is a list of the most renowned language schools in Germany and the main German cities. You can check if any top German universities offer German language courses, or see Expatica’s listings of German language schools.

National language schools in Germany

Berlitz Sprachschule

Berlitz is an international language school with more than 470 centres in more than 70 countries. The school has centres in most German cities. Individual and group lessons are available for both adults and children (7–17 year olds). Seminars are available for businesses upon request. The Berlitz language school also provides preparation courses for numerous internationally recognized language examinations.

Locations: Aachen, Berlin, Bielefeld, Bonn, Bremen, Braunschweig, Chemnitz, Cologne, Dortmund, Dresden, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Flensburg, Frankfurt, Freiburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig, Lubeck, Kiel, Magdeburg, Munich, Munster, Nordestedt, Ratingen, Rendsburg, Rostock, Stuttgart, Wolfsburg

BWS Germanlingua

The BWS Germanlingua language school offers a variety of courses including: general German, business German, exam preparation, and English courses.

BWS is a full member of the International Association of Language Centres. The school offers six different levels, according to the Common European Framework of Reference for languages (CEFR) to determine which level is right for students. The standard German course is 20 hours a week and offers reading, writing, listening, and speaking German in small groups. There is an average of 6–8 participants in a class with a maximum of 10 (12 in high season).

Locations: Berlin, Cologne, and Munich

Deutsche Akademie

The Deutsche Akademie is a low-priced, central, and practical language school. Class sizes are between 5-10 students who will have the opportunity to speak and learn German quickly.

Accommodation can also be organized through the language school. Students are assessed orally and in written form using a 12-level course model for accurate assessment of the chosen German course.

Locations: Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich

Did deutsch-institut

The Did deutsch-institut is an award-winning languages school with four locations in Germany. Their branches are licensed test centers for the TestDaF — a university language examination required in order to be accepted to study at a German university.

Most students are academic learners preparing for studying at a German university.

Locations: Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and Munich


The EVOLANGUAGE school offers foreign language classes and German courses in six cities.

Schools are opened throughout the year and students benefit from personal language solutions, qualified trainers, intensive language training, small class sizes and current teaching materials and methods. Programs offered include group lessons, intensive language courses in mini-groups, individual classes, online courses, exam preparation courses, business language courses and language workshops with various topics.

Locations: Berlin, Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Munich, and Stuttgart

FOKUS Language School

The Fokus school offers courses oriented towards children, business and professional customers, examination preparation and one to one courses.

Prices are dependent on the course chosen and accommodation can also be included through the language school. The standard one-week course is €200.

Locations: Augsburg, Berlin, Cologne, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Essen, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Karlsruhe, Leipzig, Magdeburg, Munich, Nuremburg, Regensburg, Rostock, Stuttgart, and Vechta


Goethe Institute

The Goethe-Institut is the Federal Republic of Germany’s cultural institute, active worldwide. It promotes the study of German abroad and within the country to encourage international cultural exchange.

All courses include a varied and exciting cultural and leisure-time program, free access to our media resource centres, accommodation search service and the opportunity to take examinations. Students can choose from intensive, premium and special language courses for professionals during mornings, nights or weekends.

Locations: Berlin, Bonn, Bremen, Dresden, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Freiburg, Gottingen, Hamburg, Heidelberg, Mannheim, Munich and Schwabish Hall


Linguarama Deutschland has been offering intensive German language courses in Germany since its formation in 1977. There are eight centres, all offering intensive courses.

Each Linguarama centre is ideally situated in terms of proximity to local companies and for visits to museums, art galleries and other places of historical and cultural interest. They offer three types of intensive programs for people who need to develop rapidly their communication skills in German.

Locations: Berlin, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig, Munich and Stuttgart

Sprachschule Aktiv

Sprachschule Aktiv is located in the biggest German cities but also has branches in some smaller ones. They have a large network of freelance teachers all over the country for students interested in learning privately. Sprachschule Aktiv is a certified educational institution run in accordance with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and offers courses from A1 up to C2. Interested students could sign up for a free trial lesson on all courses.

Locations: Berlin, Frankfurt, Freising, Ingolstadt, Munich and Regensburg

Tandem Language School

The Tandem language school attaches great importance to creating a personal and relaxed learning environment. Participants practice all four language skills – reading, writing, speaking and listening and grammar is explained in such a way that it is easy to understand. There are 12 course levels to ensure accurate grading and small groups are taught in an interactive method with participants continuously encouraged to speak the target language.

The school uses up-to-date course books, complemented by authentic texts. Courses include intensive summer courses and evening courses for business German. One to one sessions are also available. Accommodation can be arranged through the language school, which gives student the opportunity to stay with local families in city homes. There is an accommodation placement fee of €40. The language school uses levels according to the Common European Framework of Reference.

Locations: Berlin, Bielefeld, Bremen, Cologne, Dresden, Frankfurt, Gottingen, Hamburg and Munich


Language schools in Berlin

    • Hartnackschule Berlin
      Motzstraße 5, 10777 Berlin (Schöneberg) | +49 30 216 445 9 | hartnackschule.de
    • Sprachenatelier Berlin
      Frankfurter Allee 40, 10247 Berlin | +49 30 275 898 55 | sprachenatelier-berlin.de

Language schools in Cologne

    • Active lernen
      Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ring 24, 50672 Cologne | +49 22 195 518 6 | activlernen.de
    • Insula Köln
      Vogelsangerstrasse 61, 50823 Cologne | +49 22 179 004 204 | insulakoeln.com 

Language schools in Düsseldorf

Language schools in Frankfurt

Language schools in Hamburg

    • Colón Language Center
      Colonnaden 96, 20354 Hamburg | +49 40 345 850 | colon.de
    • SprachKontakte
      75, 20357 Hamburg | +49 40 850 503 2 | www.german-course.de

Language schools in Munich

    • ASL Internationale Sprachenschule
      Leopoldstraße 62, 80802 Munich | +49 89 332 825 | aslsprachen.de
    • Universität München
      Agnesstraße 27, 80798 Munich | +49 89 244 104 90 | dkfa.de
    • Wortland
      Pettenkoferstr 44, 80336 Munich | +49 89 121 923 29 | wortland.com

Language schools in Stuttgart

    • Tricos
      Fritz-Elsas-Str. 60, 70174 Stuttgart | +49 71 194 571 739 | tricos-gbr.de