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Home Living in Belgium Transportation Getting a driving license in Belgium
Last update on 25/10/2022

Do you need a Belgian driving license? This guide explains the rules for driving licenses in Belgium, where to take the Belgian driving theory test in English, plus tips on the Belgian driving test.

Not everyone needs a Belgian driving license to drive in Belgium. Depending on your nationality and how long you are in the country, you can typically use your foreign driving license in Belgium for a certain period. Otherwise, it is an easy process to exchange your foreign license for a Belgian driver’s license.

This guide to Belgian driving licenses covers the following issues:


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Introduction to driving in Belgium

Certain nationalities must pass a Belgian driving test, including theory and practical tests. This makes getting a Belgian driver’s license more costly and time-consuming. You might weigh these costs against Belgium’s notoriously bad traffic jams and whether driving is best for your commute. There are centers that conduct driving theory tests in English (usually for a fee); alternatively, some centers allow an interpreter on the practical driving test.

Belgian driving license updates

  • The Belgian government announced changes to the conditions for qualifying for a Belgian driver’s license. These are expected to become operational by 1 October 2017. Changes include a nine-month driving requirement (instead of three months) for new drivers before they can take the official test. The test will also cover more maneuvers and GPS skills. Drivers who want to train learners privately, such as parents, will only be able after taking a course; either a three-course at a private driving school or a course from an independent instructor. As a result of the rules becoming stricter, driving centers have reported an increase in requests for Belgian licenses.
  • Starting in 2017, Brussels will impose a ban on translators in driving license tests. Instead, pre-recorded translations will be available for all questions in the most frequently spoken languages, such as English, German, Spanish, Polish, Turkish, Arabic, and Italian.
  • As of March 2017, Flanders announced that theoretical driving license tests can only be taken in Dutch, or with the assistance of an interpreter in French, German, or English. Fees range from €50–90 for the assistance of an interpreter depending on the test.
  • From June 2017, it has also become more difficult to pass the theoretical test; five points will be deducted for serious mistakes, instead of previously one.

Is your driving license valid in Belgium?

European Union countries have agreements in place with Belgium that recognize foreign licenses, allowing their citizens to drive in Belgium. Similiarly, non-EU drivers can also drive in Belgium using their foreign driver’s license. However, in some cases an international driving permit may be requested. Check with your home country.

Non-EU drivers typically must exchange their foreign license for a Belgian driving license after six months or after registering as a Belgian resident. Read on to find out if you need to exchange your foreign driver’s license, and see more about the rules for driving in Belgium.

EU driving license in Belgium

Expats moving to Belgium from countries from within the European Union or European Economic Area (EEA – EU plus Iceland, Norway, and Lichtenstein) don’t need to exchange their driver’s license. However, you should register your license with the driving license department of the municipality in case of loss or theft. If a license from an EEA country is lost or stolen, replacements are Belgian. It is also possible to exchange an EEA license for a Belgian equivalent; this can serve as a local form of identification.

EU licenses are typically valid for 10 years, however, if you hold a driving license for life (i.e., one that has an unlimited validity period) issued by another EU country, you may be required to renew your license two years after officially registering your place of residence in Belgium.

Non-EU driving license in Belgium

Although third-country nationals can use their foreign driver’s license in Belgium for short stays or up to six months – although sometimes an International Driving Permit (IDP) is also required – they typically will need a Belgian driver’s license if they plan to stay long-term or once they register as an official Belgian resident. For information on IDPs, ask the driving authorities in your home country or visit your local town hall office.

Reciprocal arrangements are in place with numerous non-EEA countries that permit a driver to easily exchange their driver’s license for a Belgian equivalent. However, you must first register at your municipality and show a Belgian residency permit. Non-EEA nationals can check the government website to see if there is agreement for their country:

If your country has no such agreement with Belgium, there is a requirement to pass the Belgian driving examination comprising of a theory and practical test. The Examination Centres (GOCA or SBAT) can arrange English versions of the theory exam. Book these well in advance.

Traffic jam in Brussels

Non-EEA residents can typically get a one-year grace period if they need to pass a Belgian driving test. However, when driving in Belgium, the person must carry their license at all times, together with the International Driving Permit (IDP), which contains a translation of the license. An international driving license has a lifetime of three years.

If you have already exchanged a foreign driver’s license for a driver’s license in another EU country, it will also be accepted as valid in Belgium.

How to get a Belgian driving license

Further information on registering for an international driving license, exchanging a license or applying for a Belgian driving license can be found by visiting the town hall (maison communale/stadhuis) of most towns. Contact your local commune office to kickstart procedures.

Processing times for Belgian driving licenses can vary; anywhere from one or two weeks up to a couple of months is possible. As a result, you’ll receive a temporary license in the meantime.

The main categories of Belgian driver’s licenses include:

  • AM: scooters/mopeds
  • A1/A2: motorcycles
  • B: cars
  • C/D: trucks/buses and coaches
  • G: agricultural vehicles
  • A3: scooters/mopeds
  • A: motorcycles
  • B: cars
  • G: agricultural vehicles

See more at:

Taking the Belgian driving test

To get a Belgian driving license, certain nationalities must pass both a theoretical exam and a driving test at an official test center. Driving lessons are available from a wide variety of driving schools. You can find all the local test centers in Belgium where you can take the test in French and Dutch.

You first need to pass the theory test, which can be taken from age 17. If you don’t speak French, Dutch, or German, some driving schools in Belgium run theory classes in English.

Bring your ID and payment method to the exam. After passing, applicants must take a vision test. The basic theory test costs €15, or €50 if you require a translator, while the driving test costs around €30–50+, depending on what you require. See a list of prices in French or Dutch.

If you pass you’ll receive a test certificate (valid for up to three years), which you will need to take to your local commune and after about a week will be handed a provisional driver’s license (Permis de Conduire Provisoire, PCP/Voorlopig Rijbewijs, VRB); it will be valid for 18 or 36 months depending on your training (respectively, whether you opt for professional driving lessons or driving with a friend/family guide) and will cost a fee (€30). You will be given a timeframe within which you must take the practical driving test.

Belgian driving theory test in English

If you then want to take the test in a language other than Dutch, French, or German, you may be able to request the assistance of a translator (chosen by the test center), however, there are sometimes restrictions. Brussels, for example, banned translators in 2017; now, pre-recorded translations are available in the most frequently spoken languages. Flanders, on the other hand, allows translators but only for French, German, and English.

Driving test centers around Belgium that offer interpreters sometimes organize a special day when speakers of the same language can be put together. If you require an interpreter, you must book a test at one of the below centers:

Some complain that their success is dependent on the ability of the translator, so lots of study helps; you can find study books (translated into English) and online courses to help. To request to take the test in English, the waiting times vary but can be up to a month; book early.

The practical driving test in Belgium

(Permis de Conduire Provisoire, PCP/Voorlopig Rijbewijs, VRB) – See more at: After this, if required, you can arrange your driving lessons.

Before taking the practical driving test in Belgium, you must meet certain driving requirements. To practice driving, you have two options: you can either nominate a guide (who must meet certain conditions, such as a minimum of eight years of driving experience) to be in the car, or you can undertake 20 hours of driving lessons at a school.

The driving test is open to those older than 18 years and lasts about 40 minutes. You can request a translator, which means three extra people in the car including the driving instructor and examiner.

If you fail twice, you must do six hours of driving lessons before retaking the practical exam. You must bring certain documents, which can include proof of identity, your provisional driving license, proof of the fee paid, vehicle registration documents and proof of insurance.

If you pass your driving test, you will need to revisit your local town hall to request your official Belgian driving license; you will typically need to present two passport photos, an ID, your test certificate and money for the fee (about €30).

Buying a car in Belgium

Once you’ve got your driving license and feel confident enough to hit the Belgian roads, you’ll probably want to get yourself a car. Thankfully, there are plenty of options when it comes to finding a new or used car. You’ll find dealerships across the country, including the following: