If you’re living in Belgium, here’s a guide to kindergartens and preschools in Belgium and tips on how to enroll your child into local childcare.
Kindergarten in Belgium
The school system in Belgium begins at the age of six when children, other than the few whose parents have chosen to home educate, begin life at primary school. Pre-schools (kleuteronderwijs/enseignement maternelle) are available for children from the age of two-and-a-half with approximately 90% of children attending preschools during their formative years. Pre-schooling is the preferred choice of many parents due to the expensive costs of private crèches.
Preschools are essentially there to prepare a child for the education system. They introduce them gently to the structure of schooling in a fun and enjoyable way. The education system in Belgium falls under the governance of the Dutch-speaking (Flanders and Brussels), French-speaking (Wallonia and Brussels), and German-speaking regions. However, pre-schools operate independently of the department of education.
The school year begins on 1 September each year for preschool, primary and secondary education. The year officially ends on 30 June before summer holidays begin. Like other countries, there are regular holiday periods throughout each school year.
Classes in preschools or kindergartens will tend to be divided into age groups with two-and-a-half and three-year-olds paired together, and four and five-year-olds in classes of their own.
How to enrol in a Belgian preschool
The vast majority of preschools are part of primary schools, although some are stand-alone schools. It may well be that you want your children to attend a pre-school from which they graduate to primary school at the age of six. There is a vast array of pre-schools in Belgium, a list of which can be found here. Registration is fairly simple. Enrollment is made with the school of choice, although a place is not always guaranteed for each individual child – places at certain schools are at a premium. Intake is typically on a first-come-first-serve basis with waiting lists common.
To enroll, you need a birth certificate or passport to identify your child. You must also complete forms with contact details, medical history, and any residency information if applicable. Schools may also ask for information on vaccinations.
Preschools in Belgium will tend to start between 8.20am or 9am with classes running through to 3.30pm or 4pm. Preschools and primary schools tend to finish at lunchtime on a Wednesday. However, similar to some other countries, the majority of schools open early (from as early as 7:30) and look after children until 6pm for an additional charge. Class sizes are generally around 20 children.
The idea of kindergartens is simply to ease children into school life. Typical days involve playtime with teachers and helpers, free playtime, songs, drawing, observational activities, and puzzles to aid early development. Assessments are made on progress during each year by supervisors and teachers to measure progress with set targets. For example, children should learn colors by the end of their first year in pre-school. They’ll also learn reading, writing, and numbers by the time they leave primary education.