Visas & Immigration

Getting a Portuguese passport

Here’s all you need to know about getting a Portuguese passport, including the requirements and benefits, and what to do if your passport is lost or stolen.

Portuguese passport

By Cláudia Baltazar

Updated 2-4-2024

If you’re an expat living in Portugal, you can apply for Portuguese citizenship and obtain a Portuguese passport which grants you dual citizenship and several travel benefits. To help you understand the process of applying for one, as well as what to do if your passport gets lost or stolen, this article includes the following information:


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The different types of Portuguese passports

The Portuguese passport is an official travel document that attests to the identity of any Portuguese citizen whenever they travel outside the EU and the Schengen Area.

You can apply for a Portuguese passport after getting your Portuguese citizenship. In this case, you should schedule an appointment online, or call the Citizen’s Card line at (+351) 210 990 111.

a Portuguese passport in a suitcase pocket

Portuguese passports are issued by the Instituto dos Registos e do Notariado (IRN) and there are five types to choose from:

  • Standard Portuguese Electronic Passport (PEP) – issued to any Portuguese citizens
    • Frequent Flyer Passport – issued to frequent travelers who need more pages for visa and border movements
  • Special Passport (PES) – issued to certain Portuguese employees working in the Public Administration or for public service missions
  • Diplomatic Passport (PD) – issued to government diplomats and consuls posted abroad
  • Passport for Foreign Citizens (PCE) – issued to foreign citizens who are authorized to live in Portugal and are stateless or can’t get another passport
  • Temporary Passport (PT) – issued in urgent situations on the day of travel (valid for one year)

The PEP, PES, and PD (in Portuguese) are booklets that have a Bordeaux-colored cover and include 32 pages. They also have a microchip that contains your biographical data; this includes your full name, height, date of birth, gender, place of birth, photograph, fingerprints, signature, as well as issue and expiration dates.

Notably, the PCE is similar to the PEP but has a dark grey cover. Unlike the other passport types, the PT is only available for urgent cases and doesn’t contain a microchip. It has a dark blue cover and includes eight pages.

The benefits of getting a Portuguese passport

According to the 2022 Passport Index, the Portuguese passport ranks 14th in terms of global mobility, allowing you to travel to 110 countries visa-free. It also grants you the following benefits:

  • Free movement within the EU
  • Dual citizenship
  • The possibility to live and work in any country in the EU
  • The right to enter and exit Portugal

You can apply for a Portuguese passport once you have obtained Portuguese citizenship, after living in Portugal for at least five years, and have received a Citizen’s Card.

Notably, while you are not legally obliged to apply for a Portuguese passport, there are some advantages to having one when it comes to international travel. For instance, some countries require you to have a Portuguese passport, as well as a visa, in order to gain entry.

Who can get a passport in Portugal?

As mentioned, you can apply for Portuguese citizenship after living in Portugal for at least five years. However, you can apply for citizenship sooner if you are legally married or in a non-marital partnership (cohabitation) with a Portuguese citizen for more than three years.

Wedding guests throwing rice

It is important to be aware, however, that even if you have a Golden Visa, which is designed to encourage investment from non-EU/EFTA nationals in Portugal, it won’t speed up the process of obtaining Portuguese citizenship, as you will still need to comply with the standard criteria.

You will also need to submit your birth certificate, which needs to be translated into Portuguese. This is where a professional translation service such as lingoking can help. You will also need to present a document proving that you have sufficient knowledge of Portuguese, a written request addressed to the Minister of Justice, and your criminal record.

Applying for a Portuguese passport

You can apply for a Portuguese passport at the following locations:

the Portuguese Consulate in Bordeaux, France
The Portuguese Consulate in Bordeaux, France

Generally, you need to request your Portuguese passport in person. Depending on your chosen delivery method, the application process can take between one and five business days, as follows:

  • Urgent – one business day
  • Express – two business days
  • Normal – five business days

The application process

Fortunately, the application process itself is fairly simple and the only document you need to present is your Citizen’s Card. You can schedule an appointment online and bring this with you. However, it is important to note that if you are under 18, you will need to be accompanied by your legal guardian and they will need to bring their own ID (Citizen’s Card, passport, or residence permit).

On your appointment day, you will have your photograph taken at the office and will be asked to provide your fingerprints and digital signature. The cost will depend on your chosen delivery method and area of residence but typically ranges from €65 to €120. Generally, you can pay with cash, credit/debit card, or via the Portuguese ATMs (Multibanco).

Lisbon Airport
Lisbon Airport

When your Portuguese passport is ready, you can either pick it up at the office where you applied for it or receive it by mail. However, the latter requires an additional shipping fee, which ranges from €10 to €30.

Notably, the Passport Shops at the Lisbon and Porto Airports are only available to those who need an Urgent Portuguese Passport or Airport Urgent Passport. The application fee is €150, and you will need to make an appointment by sending an email to [email protected], along with the following details:

  • Full name
  • Citizen’s Card number
  • Two recent photographs (pass type, in color with a plain background)
  • Which airport you will go to
  • Phone number
  • A document attesting the reason for the urgent request
  • Your preferred date and time

Applying for a Portugal passport from abroad

The process for applying for a Portuguese passport from abroad is similar to that in Portugal. First, you need to schedule an appointment at the Portuguese consulate in your area of residence and bring your Citizen’s Card.

On your appointment day, you will have your photograph taken at the consulate. After that, you will be asked to provide your fingerprints and digital signature. The cost will vary depending on your chosen delivery method and location.

The process can take between one and 30 business days, depending on the delivery method and which country you are in. For instance, a normal delivery within Europe will take five business days, whereas a normal delivery to the USA will take up to 30.

Notably, you can request an Urgent Portuguese Passport at one of the Portuguese consulates around the world.

Dual nationality and second passports in Portugal

Portugal allows dual nationality, which means that you can keep the passport of your home country, apply for Portuguese citizenship, and then get your Portuguese passport.

In order to request your Portuguese citizenship, you need to meet one of the following conditions:

  • You have been legally living in Portugal for five years
  • Were born in Portugal
  • You have Portuguese parents or grandparents
  • You are married to, or in a non-marital partnership (cohabitation) with, a Portuguese citizen

However, you won’t be granted Portuguese citizenship if you were:

  • Convicted with a prison sentence of three or more years
  • Involved in terrorism
  • Did non-mandatory military service in another country
  • Held a technical public position in another country

Renewing or replacing a Portuguese passport

The standard Portuguese passport is valid for five years for adults, and two years for children under the age of four. If you are over 18, you can renew it six months before its expiration date. You will need to bring your Citizen’s Card and your current passport; except if it contains valid visas that you will need in the future. In this case, you can keep your current passport.

Electronic passport gate at the airport
Photo: Horacio Villalobos/Corbis via Getty Images

If you are under 18, you will need to be accompanied by your legal guardian and they will need to bring the following:

  • Their own ID (Citizen’s Card, passport, or another form of ID containing a photograph and full name) or;
  • A valid passport or residence permit that proves your regular situation in Portugal
  • Document proving their parental responsibilities (issued in the last six months)

Generally, you can schedule an appointment to renew or replace your Portuguese passport at:

Again, the process can take between one and five business days, depending on your chosen delivery method; one business day for urgent, two business days for express, and five business days for normal.

Importantly, you might need to replace your Portuguese passport if your personal information is outdated, if the passport’s visa pages have been totally filled in, or if the passport is damaged, lost, or stolen.

Lost or stolen passports in Portugal

If your Portuguese passport gets stolen or lost, you will need to report it to the police (by calling 112) and fill out an online form from the Bank of Portugal to avoid identity theft. You should also attach a copy of the complaint you made to the police.

Fortunately, you can request a Temporary Passport (PT) in urgent situations, as it can be issued on the day of travel. This is valid for one year but should be replaced by a Standard Portuguese Electronic Passport (PEP) as soon as you can. If you are abroad, you should go to the nearest Portuguese embassy or consulate to get a new passport.

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