Discover historical Groningen, a vibrant university city in the north of the Netherlands that has one of the country’s youngest populations.
Historical Groningen is a vibrant university city in the north of the Netherlands. The many benefits of having the youngest population in the country includes a yearly programme of arts, culture and music that is enjoyed by locals and visitors alike.
An ancient history
Estimates based on archaeological evidence from this region, dates human activity in the area as starting sometime between 3950-3720BC, although the first major settlement was established later in the third century AD. The city ‘villa Cruoninga’ is noted in the official records of 1040, making this city founded on the northernmost point of the Hondsrug region, an historical treasure.
From early times, Groningen was an important trade centre in Northern Europe. A wall was constructed around the perimeters to protect the inhabitants and a local dialect was adopted as the dominant language.
Over the following centuries, Groningen was ruled by the Spanish (during the Eighty Years War 1568-1648, also referred to as the Dutch War of Independence) before again regaining independence under the leadership of William of Orange; fought an attack from the Bishop of Munster and his forces during the Third Anglo-Dutch War (1672); and had its city centre destroyed during the Battle of Groningen in the second World War (1945).
Groningen is situated close to the German border, which gives local industry easy accessibility to eastern and northern European countries. The over 9000 companies provide 123,000 jobs in the area. Organisations include the world’s largest sugar factory, CSM Vierverlaten; Hooghoudt (of jenever fame); Woolters-Noordhoff publishing house; Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil (each owning 50percent share in the largest natural gas fields in Western Europe).
A centre for education
Important institutions for education, service provision and research the University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, and Hanze University of Applied Sciences (hogeschool) all attract international students as well as national.
The energy of youth
With a population over 190,000, Groningen is the seventh largest city in the Netherlands and the capital city in the north of the country. More than 60 percent of the inhabitants are under the age of 40, with 20 percent being students. Students often choose to continue enjoying what the city offers, by remaining in Groningen to work and raise their future families.
Arts & culture
Art, culture and entertainment thrive in this environment. Groningen city centre boasts around 160 bars, cafés, open-air terraces and nightclubs with more liberal opening hours than Amsterdam. Many international bands consider Groningen a worthy venue to play during a European tour. Subsequently, the city is sometimes seen as a rock capital, especially as many local bands have launched a successful career from the annual Eurosonic or Noorderslag festival held in Groningen.
Other attractions include the Museum of Groningen; Anatomical Museum; Northern Maritime Museum; Niemeijer Tobacco Museum; Natural History Museum; Gerardus van der Leeuw Anthropological Museum; Museum of Graphic Arts; and, the University Museum. Every August, the 11-day Noorderzon performing arts festival gives young talent, new productions and established performers a chance to showcase their work.
Groningen has its own airport, 10 kilometres south of the city centre. Cheap flights to European cities are also available across the border from Bremen airport. Three train stations provide a regular service to most Dutch cities: Groningen, Groningen Noord, and Groningen Europapark. Qbuzz runs the inner and intercity bus transportation. By car, the journey to Amsterdam takes around 2.20 hours; or three hours to The Hague or Rotterdam. Driving to Germany means that you can be in Hamburg in three hours or Bremen within around two.
In 2010, Groningen ranked second in an EU quality of life survey comparing 75 EU cities. Researchers collected data on the happiness of inhabitants in regards to subjects like transport, health and cultural facilities. The survey found that 60 percent of all journeys made in Groningen were by bicycle.
Where to live in Groningen
The centre of Groningen (Centrum) is popular with students and young singles perhaps, most likely due to the proximity of shops, restaurants, cafes and bars.
Schilderswijk and Zeeheldenbuurt
Historical area with 19th century buildings, close to the beautiful Noorderplantsoen park that is frequented by the locals, especially on sunny days. Mixed residential population, although again popular with students due to the nearby University. Slightly larger houses, some with gardens.
Home to the popular theatre, De Oosterpoort, and a number of bars and cafes, this area is sought after by young professional couples and students. Historical buildings, including ‘schipperswoning’ or traditional Dutch fishermen houses are located in this neighbourhood.
Behind Central Station and close to Stadspark (outside festival venue), this area has easy accessibility to Groningen Centrum. Favoured by students.
Korrewegwijk and Indische Buurt
Two neighbourhoods that have merged to become one: Korrewegwijk. Cheap accommodation available in this diverse neighbourhood, with a strong Asian influence. A large discount supermarket is based here.
Another diverse neighbourhood to the northeast of Centrum, old monuments and some cheaper accommodation available. Green areas around a popular park.
Further out and offering larger homes with gardens, this area is popular with young couples and families. The Zernikecomplex is located here.
Two large, university apartment blocks for international students are located here. Also the ACLO sport complex.
A 20-minute bike ride from the Centrum, these residential areas are close to both natural and manmade recreational areas.
Facts and Links
- Population: 189,991 www.cbs.nl
- Number of non-dutch: 39,326 www.cbs.nl
- International Schools: International School Groningen – Primary Department at Groningse Schoolvereniging: www.g-s-v.nl, Secondary Department at St Maartens College: www.maartenscollege.nl
- Online Magazine for University Students: www.groningenlife.nl
- Local Council: www.gemeente.groningen.nl
- Local Politics: www.politiekgroningen.nl
- Neighborhood Information: www.groningenlife.nl
Ana McGinley / Expatica
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