Things to Do

Top museums and cultural institutions in Italy

If you are new to Italy, you’re in for a treat! The country is home to some of the world’s best museums and cultural institutions.

museums in italy

By Gayatri Bhaumik

Updated 8-1-2024

Italy is a country bursting with culture. Whether you are exploring its rich culinary landscape or attending a typical Italian festival, there are plenty of things to do.

Where Italy really shines, though, is in its museums. Each one is a tribute to the country’s greatest creative talents and their impact on the world’s art scene. Of course, many museums focus on other interests, too, so there is something for everyone to enjoy.

Read on to decide which museum in Italy you would like to visit next:


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Musei Vaticani, Rome

The Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani) in Vatican City and Rome (Roma) began in 1506 when Pope Julius II acquired a Greek statue titled Laocoön and His Sons (Gruppo del Laocoonte). Since then, this museum complex has expanded to over 20 different cultural institutions across the city. It includes chapels, galleries, and archaeological centers.

The famous ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, Italy.
The Sistine Chapel in the Apostolic Palace (Photo: Antoinetav/Wikicommons)

The museums exhibit awe-inspiring collections of fine art, Greek and Roman sculptures, and a surprising selection of modern artwork. With such a rich collection, the Vatican Museums are arguably some of the best in Italy.

Across the museums, you can find artworks from Renaissance greats like Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael; to renowned modern artists like Salvador Dali and Vincent Van Gogh. Make sure to visit the Sistine Chapel (Cappella Sistina) in the Apostolic Palace (Palazzo Apostolico) to see Michelangelo’s famous frescoes, including The Creation of Adam (Creazione di Adamo).

If you’re a fan of books, also check out the Vatican Apostolic Library to admire over 1.6 million books in one place.

Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome

Set in an aristocratic home in central Rome, the Doria Pamphilj Gallery (Galleria Doria Pamphilj) is an underrated gem. The palace is an opulent 17th-century example of Roman-Rococo architecture. It exhibits over 650 works of art from Europe’s greatest artists, including Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Caravaggio, Titian (Tiziano Vecelli), and Diego Velázquez.

If you can peel your eyes away from the artifacts, take a minute to admire your magnificent surroundings which include frescoes, tapestries, and chandeliers.

Ceiling in Galleria Doria Pamphilj
A ceiling in Galleria Doria Pamphilj (Photo: Livioandronico2013/Wikimedia Commons)

You can also book a separate ticket to visit the Private Apartments of the Princess (Appartamento Segreto della Principessa), owned by the descendants of the Doria Pamphilij family. Here you can marvel at how the modern heirs have immersed their 21st-century lifestyle into this historic setting.

Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Via del Corso 305 00186, Rome

Le Gallerie Degli Uffizi, Florence

Florence (Firenze) has some of the best art in the world. And thanks to its collection of Florentine masterpieces, the Uffizi Gallery (Le Gallerie Degli Uffizi) is one of the best-known museums in Italy. The building itself, located just off the Piazza della Signorina, is a Renaissance treasure trove built by famed architect Giorgio Vasari.

The artifacts on display were part of the private collection of the Medici family. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the Medicis were one of Tuscany’s most prosperous families.

Visitors walking down the sunny halls of the Uffizi Gallery
Uffizi Gallery (Photo: Sylvain Sonnet/Getty Images)

The Uffizi houses the biggest names in the Renaissance art world. Standout pieces include Michelangelo’s Holy Family, known as the ‘Doni Tondo (Sacra famiglia, detta ‘Tondo Doni’), Da Vinci’s unfinished work Adoration of the Magi (Adorazione dei Magi), and Botticelli’s Birth of Venus (Nascita di Venere).

Le Gallerie Degli Uffizi, Piazzale degli Uffizi, 6, 50122 Florence

Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

If you are a fan of busts and carve-outs, you cannot miss this awe-inspiring museum in Italy. In a fortress palace originally constructed in 1255, Florence’s Bargello Museum (Nazionale del Bargello) lets visitors wander through a maze of Gothic courtyards and balconies.

Bargello National Museum exterior
Bargello National Museum (Photo: Sergio Delle Vedove/Getty Images)

Inside, you will discover the cream of the crop among Italian sculptures, with works by Michelangelo and Lorenzo Ghiberti. Keep an eye out for Donatello’s bronze David and learn more about Florence’s elite with the museum’s collection of Medici medals and marble busts. 

Nazionale del Bargello, Via del Proconsolo, 4, 50122 Florence

Palazzo Pitti, Florence

Once home to the powerful Medici family, the Pitti Palace (Palazzo Pitti) – boasting seven collections – is a must-visit cultural attraction in Florence. Start your tour with the Imperial and Royal Apartments (Appartamenti Imperiali e Reali), full of riches, including silk furnishings, historical art, and lavish gilding.

Then, glimpse the Medici’s precious jewelry and silverware at the Treasury of the Grand Dukes (il Tesoro dei Granduchi). You can also marvel at the jaw-dropping art collection in the Palatine Gallery (la Galleria Palatina).

Pilazzo Pitti exterior and gardens on a sunny day
Palazzo Pitti (Photo: Maremagnum/Getty Images)

When you need a breather, you can head to the refined Boboli Gardens (Giardino di Boboli), located just behind the palace. Take note, however, that you might need a separate ticket to enter these gardens.

Palazzo Pitti, Piazza de’ Pitti, 1, 50125 Florence

Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice

Located in a former aristocratic palazzo on the banks of the Grand Canal in Venice (Venezia), the Academy Gallery (Gallerie dell’Accademia) is a tribute to Venetian art. Their focus is the Renaissance period, and the collection spans over 500 years of art history. Visitors can follow a chronological journey from the 13th to the 18th century.

Group of three women admiring the Holy Conversation painting by Bellini
Holy Conversation by Giovanni Bellini (Photo: Roberto Serra – Iguana Press/Getty Images)

All the Venetian masters are here, including Giovanni Bellini, Canaletto, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Paolo Veronese, and Tintoretto. Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man (l’Uomo Vitruviano) is part of the Accademia’s collection. However, it only goes on display once every so often due to the fragile nature of the paper.

Gallerie dell’Accademia Venezia, Campo della Carità, 1050, 30123 Venice

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice

If you’re a fan of contemporary art, this popular subsidiary of the New York City Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum is a must-see. Beautifully located along the Dorsoduro section of the Grand Canal, the palace was once home to American art collector Peggy Guggenheim (Solomon R. Guggenheim’s niece). Today, its brilliant collection of Expressionist, Surrealist, and Cubist art makes it one of the best museums in Italy.

The Peggy Guggenheim Collection - building as seen from the water
Peggy Guggenheim Collection (Photo: Giuliano Benzin/Getty Images)

Twentieth-century maestros like Max Ernst (one of Guggenheim’s former husbands), Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, René Magritte, Vasily Kandinsky, and Alberto Giacometti are all represented. You can also find an intriguing selection of other artifacts and furniture alongside contemporary artwork.

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Dorsoduro, 701-704, 30123 Venice

Palazzo Ducale, Venice

A glorious example of Venetian Gothic architecture, the Doge’s Palace (Palazzo Ducale) has had many functions. The palace has a rich history, from government headquarters to the official residence for the Doge of Venice. Today, visitors flock here to see the Doge’s Apartments (L’Appartamento del Doge), the impressive institutional chambers, and stunning artwork.

Arial view of Palazzo Ducale in Venice
Palazzo Ducale (Photo: Fabrizio Villa/Getty Images)

Artists on display include Titian, Veronese, and Tintoretto. Boasting a spacious courtyard, an armory, and even prisons, you can easily spend all day in this stunning palace.

Palazzo Ducale, Piazza San Marco, 1, 30124 Venice

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli, Naples

The building hosting the Naples National Archaeological Museum (Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli) dates back to 1585 when it was built as military barracks. Now, visitors will find a comprehensive collection of ancient Roman artifacts to gain insight into the mighty Roman Empire. Many pieces come from Pompeii and Herculaneum, while others hail from important historical sites like the Villa of the Papyri (Villa dei Papiri).

Visitors looking at the exhibitions at the Naples National Archaeological Museum.
Naples National Archaeological Museum (Photo: Ivan Ramano/Getty Images)

The museum’s highlights are the Farnese Collection and its extensive Egyptian Collection. See if you can spot the Cave Canem mosaic, a predecessor of today’s ‘Beware of the Dog’ sign. Also, look out for the famous Farnese Bull (Toro Farnese), and browse the sculptures of ancient gods like Hercules, Atlas, and Aphrodite.

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli, Piazza Museo, 19, 80135 Naples

Museo Egizio, Torino

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the United States of America, and other European colonizers were scrambling to get their hands on Egyptian antiquities and get access to archaeological sites. As a result, the Egyptian Museum (Museo Egizio) in Torino is one of the world’s largest collections of Egyptian artifacts outside of Egypt.

The museum houses over 30,000 Egyptian relics, including notable pieces such as the Lid of the sarcophagus of Ibi, Chief Steward of Nitocris, Divine Adoratrice of Amon (Coperchio del sarcofago di Ibi, grande intendente di Nitocris, divina adoratrice di Amon) and the Statue of Seti II (Statua di Seti II).

Large statues inside the ambient lit Egyptian Museum in Torino, Italy.
The Egyptian Museum, Torino (Photo: Mauro Ujetto/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

The museum’s collection was started by Italian botanist Vitaliano Donati, who returned from Egypt in 1753 with many stolen relics from Karnak and Coptos.

Renovated in 2015, the museum is now a sleek, modern ‘homage’ to ancient Egypt. Moreover, the museum’s mystic charm and unusual displays make it one of the most popular family attractions in Italy.

Museo Egizio, Via Accademia delle Scienze, 6, 10123 Torino

Other top museums

If your hunger for art remains insatiable, why not check out some of the other museums Italy has to offer? Here are some – without an art focus – to consider:

MuseumWhere?What about?
Palazzo VecchioFlorenceThe former political seat of Florence
Museo FerarriMaranello and ModenaA celebration of the Italian car brand
Castello SforzescoMilan (Milano)A 15th-century Renaissance castle and fortress
Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Technologica Leonardo da VinciMilanA museum dedicated to the artist and inventor
Pompeii Near NaplesA preserved city that was buried under volcanic ash (though much of the art has been relocated to the National Archeological Museum in Naples)
Museo PiaggioPontederaA collection of historic Vespa scooters
Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa GiuliaRomeNational Etruscan Museum
Santa Maria della ScalaSienaOne of Europe’s first hospitals
Museo Nazionale del CinemaTorinoThe national Italian motion picture museum
Museo Nazionale del RisorgimentoTorinoNational museum of the Unification of Italy
Musei RealiTorinoThe former palace of the Savoy family