Before you drive in Switzerland, read the rules for driving licenses, importing vehicles, car registration, parking, and road regulations in Switzerland.
If you plan on driving in Switzerland, you’ll find Switzerland’s geographic diversity requires adapting to a range of environments, from motorways to small mountain roads. The rules for driving in Switzerland are keenly enforced. Regulations also apply for using your foreign driver’s license or car from abroad.
In 2017, Switzerland won the top award presented by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) for having the safest roads in Europe. Switzerland received the ETSC Road Safety Performance Index award after recording a 15% decrease in road deaths in 2016; on top of this, Switzerland has also reduced road deaths by 34% since 2010 and by 60% since 2001. With 26 deaths per million inhabitants, Switzerland now has the lowest road mortality in Europe (tied with Norway), representing a climb of five ranks in ETSC’s reports for the past five years.
This guide covers the important aspects to know about driving a car in Switzerland: driving licenses, importing your own car, car registration and taxes, vehicle inspections, road rules, speed limits, traffic offenses, parking, car insurance, renting, sharing or buying a car, traffic reports and breakdowns.
Driving in Switzerland using a foreign driver’s license
You can drive in Switzerland using your foreign driving license for up to 12 months. However, if your driver’s license is not in English, German, French, or Italian, you also need an International Driving Permit. This isn’t actually a license but a translation of your foreign one.
The minimum age for driving in Switzerland is 18 for cars and two-wheel vehicles of 50cc or more. Small motorcycles of under 50cc may be driven from the age of 14 at a maximum speed of 30km/h. Motorcycles (under 50cc with a maximum speed of 45km/h) may be driven from the age of 16.
If drivers are younger than the minimum age limits (for example, 18 for driving a car), they cannot drive in Switzerland even if they can at home.
Exchanging a foreign license in Switzerland
You can drive in Switzerland on a foreign driving license for up to 12 months, before which you must convert your license to a Swiss driving license. You may need to take a theory exam or practical driving test depending on your nationality or occupation; make sure you start the process in advance. See the conditions in Expatica’s guide on exchanging a foreign license.
Driving a foreign car in Switzerland
If you are a tourist or business traveler in Switzerland, you can bring your car into Switzerland without any formalities as long as you live outside Switzerland.
Employees, students, or interns staying temporarily in Switzerland can import and use your foreign-registered car without paying duty for up to two years in Switzerland.
If you are moving to Switzerland long-term, you can bring your car duty-free (if used for at least six months outside Switzerland). You must register your vehicle with the road traffic office in your canton.
Importing a car from abroad
Vehicles owned for less than six months are charged an import tax. It is necessary to provide official documentation to confirm the value of the car and its country of origin. The import duties include customs duties, 7.5 percent VAT, CHF 15 for a report required for vehicle registration, and a consumption tax of four percent of the vehicle’s value.
Vehicles owned for more than six months are not charged an import duty, but require a completed clearance request form for moving purposes. A month after importing the car, the motor registration office informs the owner that the official motor vehicle inspection will take place within a year. After the test, drivers pay the Swiss road tax. Insurance and license plates must be purchased as well. Total fees can be expensive depending on the vehicle model, parking place, and other details.
You can find a list of customs offices in Switzerland from the Swiss Customs Administration.
Car registration and maintenance
Each canton (a small administrative division of a country) has an automobile service that conducts technical inspections and issues vehicle registrations. When moving within a canton, it is necessary to send your driver’s license and vehicle registration papers to the automobile service for updating.
When moving to another canton, it is necessary to request a new license from the automobile service of the new canton within 14 days of relocation. License plates must be registered at the road traffic office. You can find the address for your cantonal road traffic office here at the ASA (Association of Automobile Services) website.
If you are driving a car not registered in your name, you should have a letter from the registered owner authorizing you to do so.
Motor inspection tests
Cars require regular inspections by having the Motorfahrzeugkontrollen/contrôle technique (or expertise) vehicle inspection test. How often depends on the age of the car. New cars must undergo a test after four years on the road, then after a further three years and then every two years.
Every two years cars with catalytic converters or diesel engines also have to have an anti-pollution test; other cars have annual tests.
Swiss road and car taxes
Road tax (Verkehrssteuer/ taxe routière), or a license plate tax, is dealt with by individual cantons. Charges vary and it depends on the car; it can be between anywhere from CHF 100–800. Bills are annual.
To use the motorways in Switzerland, even for short distances, you must buy a special license. The Autobahnvignette/vignette autoroutière or motorway tax sticker costs CHF 40 and is available at customs offices, post offices, and garages. It is valid for one year (1 January to 31 December). You must pay the full price whether you are in Switzerland for the whole year or just one day. Failure to show the sticker is punishable with a fine of CHF 140.
Road rules and traffic offenses in Switzerland
Always carry your driving license, motor insurance certificate, a spare pair of glasses (if you wear glasses or lenses), and a red warning triangle (which you must place behind the car in an accident).
Make sure you are familiar with the rules of the road in Switzerland, as Swiss traffic police are very strict about enforcing even minor violations and can give hefty on-the-spot fines.
- Drive on the right-hand side of the road.
- Priority roads are indicated with a yellow-on-white diamond. Where there is no sign, always give way to the right unless otherwise indicated.
- On roundabouts, vehicles inside the circle have the right of way.
- When two vehicles meet on a narrow mountain road, the ascending vehicle has the right of way.
- Give way to public transport, emergency vehicles, and pedestrians.
- Outside peak hours, traffic lights flashing amber means ‘ proceed with caution’.
- Be aware of the speed limit.
- You must drive with headlights on at all times (and dipped in daylight) unless the car was registered before 1970.
- In winter months on mountain roads, you must use snow chains. If you don’t, you may not be covered by insurance.
- It is illegal to use a mobile phone, except for hands-free units, while driving.
- The alcohol limit while driving is 0.05%. This is lower than in some other European countries.
- It’s illegal to use radar detection equipment and you must deactivate this function on a satnav.
- Wear a seatbelt; children under 12 years old under 150cm tall must sit in the appropriate child seat or with a seat belt if over 150cm tall; you face a fine of CHF 60 for not doing so.
Road signs and signals in Switzerland
There are four languages in Switzerland. Road signs, place names, and information changes as you travel across the country. For example, sortie, Ausfarht, and uscita all mean ‘exit’. Motorway signs in Switzerland have a green background (unlike France, Austria, and Germany).
A highway code manual is available for around CHF 20 at customs offices and each canton’s automobile service. The books are available in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish.
You can see all the Swiss road signals here on the Federal Roads Authority website.
General speed limits in Switzerland
Keep to the speed limits:
- Residential areas: 30km/h
- Towns and cities: 50dm/h or 60km/h
- Country roads: 80km/h
- Dual carriageways/expressways: 100km/h
- Motorways: 120 km/h
There are speed cameras in police cars and fixed cameras. Fines are graded according to how much over the limit you are in a certain area, for example, 1–5 km/h over the limit in a built-up area is a CHF 40 fine while on a motorway it would be CHF 20. Driving more than 25km/h over the speed limit in any area will result in a summons and more than 35km/h over the limit you could face a minimum of three months disqualification and a fine. Fine amounts depend on your ability to pay; a Swedish man driving on a Swiss motorway at almost 300km/h (180mph) faced a fine of CHF 1.08m.
Parking your car in Switzerland
Infringement of parking laws may mean a fine or even being towed away. Always check signs before parking but as a rule, where you see:
- white zones (white lines on the ground) – you can park free of charge for as long as you wish;
- white zones ‘pay and display’ – enter your car license number plate to buy a ticket at a street machine and display on the dashboard to park for a limited time;
- blue zones – get a blue parking disk from police stations, tourist offices and banks and set the dial on the disk to park for up to 90 minutes free of charge;
- red zones – free parking for up to 15 hours if you have a red parking disk, available from police stations, tourist offices and banks;
- yellow zones – parking is illegal.
You’ll also find parking meters (sometimes parking is free at night and at lunchtimes), car parks, and parking garages – pay at the booth before going back to your car.
Car rental and car sharing in Switzerland
A range of car rental companies is available, with major chains located in all main towns and cities. In order to rent a car, the driver must be more than 20 years old and must have already had a driving license for at least one year. However, policies differ and it is best to check individual regulations.
An alternative to car rental is car sharing. Through the Mobility scheme, whenever you need a car, you can book one of almost 3,000 vehicles online (via computer or app) and pick up/drop off at some 1,500 locations throughout Switzerland. Hourly rates start at CHF 2.80; kilometer rates start at CHF 0.50. Cars even come with an onboard computer to allow you to extend or end your reservation.
Buying a car in Switzerland
You can buy a car in Switzerland from a Swiss dealership, a car importing company (Direktimport/Importation directe) or privately. Dealerships will organise car registration, you can build up a relationship with the garage and resell more easily but prices tend to be high.
Import companies deal in cars from outside Switzerland and will handle the import process for you. If you prefer to buy privately, Comparis.ch and the Swiss Touring Club (TCS) both have car finder searches.
Car insurance in Switzerland
Third part insurance is obligatory in Switzerland. This means that you are covered for injury and damage to others. You can extend the cover to be fully comprehensive, to include theft, damage while you car is parked and legal costs. As a guide, comprehensive vehicle insurance can cost about CHF 1,200 per year for an average car. To get comparison quotes for car insurance, see comparis.ch.
Road support and traffic reports in Switzerland
Breakdown and recovery
The Touring Club of Switzerland is a national breakdown and recovery service. You can call 800 140 140 in an emergency.
- Breakdown, assistance (all hours and free) police emergency: call 117.
- Accident assistance (all hours and free), ambulance emergency: call 144.
The Touring Club of Switzerland has up-to-date traffic reports and road snow reports.
Since Swiss roads are often covered in snow during the winter months, it is advisable to change to winter tires and install snow chains. While not all snow equipment is compulsory (except for chains), Swiss police can stop drivers if they think it is unsafe to drive without it.
- ASA: Association of Automobile Services (Vereinigung der Strassenverkehrsämter/ Association des services des automobiles).