Home About Russia The Basics Russia facts: Communication and transport
Last update on November 18, 2019

Facts on the communication and transport systems in Russia.


Telephones main lines in use: 44,2 million (2008)

Telephones mobile cellular: 187,5 million (2008)

Telephone system: general assessment: the telephone system is experiencing significant changes; there are more than 1,000 companies licensed to offer communication services; access to digital lines has improved, particularly in urban centres; Internet and e-mail services are improving; Russia has made progress toward building the telecommunications infrastructure necessary for a market economy; the estimated number of mobile subscribers jumped from fewer than 1 million in 1998 to nearly 188 million in 2008; a large demand for main line service remains unsatisfied

Domestic: cross-country digital trunk lines run from Saint Petersburg to Khabarovsk, and from Moscow to Novorossiysk; the telephone systems in 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analogue and digital, are available in many areas; in rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, and low density

international: country code – 7; Russia is connected internationally by undersea fibre optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Orbita systems (2008)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 323, FM 1,500 est., shortwave 62 (2004)

Television broadcast stations: 7.306 (1998)

Internet country code: .ru. Russia also has responsibility for a legacy domain “.su” that was allocated to the Soviet Union and is being phased out

Internet hosts:7.663 million (2009)

Internet users: 45,25 million (2008)


Russian transport

Airports: 1,216 (2009)

Airports with paved runways: total: 595; over 3,047 m: 52; 2,438 to 3,047m: 198; 1,524 to 2,437m: 129; 914 to 1,523m: 99; under 914m: 117 (2009)

Airports with unpaved runways: total: 621; over 3,047m: 3; 2,438 to 3,047m: 13; 1,524 to 2,437m: 68; 914 to 1,523m: 84; under 914m: 453 (2009)

Heliports: 48 (2009)

Pipelines: condensate 122km; gas 159,552km; liquid petroleum gas 127km; oil 74,285km; refined products 13,658km (2009)

Railways: total 87,157km; broad gauge: 86,200km 1,520-m gauge (40,300km electrified); narrow gauge: 957km 1,067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island)

Roadways: total: 933,000km; paved 754,984km (includes 30,000km of expressways); unpaved: 178,016km

Waterways: 102,000km (including 33,000km with guaranteed depth); 72,000km system in European Russia links Baltic Sea, White Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov and Black Sea (2007)

Merchant marine: total: 1,074; bulk carrier 25, cargo 663, carrier 2, chemical tanker 27, combination ore/oil 34, container 11, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 217, refrigerated cargo 59, roll on/roll off 10, specialized tanker 5; foreign-owned: 112 (Belgium 4, Cyprus 2, Germany 1, Greece 1, Italy 4, South Korea 1, Latvia 2, Norway 2, Switzerland 3, Turkey 80, Ukraine 11, US 1); registered in other countries: 486 (Antigua and Barbuda 4, Bahamas 4, Belize 31, Bulgaria 1, Cambodia 83, Comoros 12, Cyprus 50, Dominica 3, Georgia 12, Hong Kong 2, Jamaica 3, Liberia 94, Malaysia 2, Malta 58, Marshall Islands 9, Moldova 3, Mongolia 9, Panama 18, Saint Kitts and Nevis 19, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 21, Sierra Leone 11, Slovakia 1, Tuvalu 2, Ukraine 1, Vanuatu 2, unknown 31) (2008)

Ports and terminals: Azov, Kaliningrad, Kavkaz, Nakhodka, Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Saint-Petersburg, Vostochnyy

CIA Factbook / Expatica