Need emergency treatment? Find out all about Belgian accident, emergency, and outpatient procedures with our guide to hospitals in Belgium.
If you’re looking to get treatment in a hospital in Belgium, this guide explains how to get hospital services, what you have to pay for and what you can expect when you arrive. It also explains when you should use accident and emergency hospital clinics and how to call an ambulance if you need one – a fee is typically involved. In the end, you will find a quick guide to the main hospitals in Belgium, Antwerp, Gent and other cities in Belgium.
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Getting treatment at a Belgian hospital: what to expect
You are free to choose your own hospital (hôpitaux/ziekenhuisen) in Belgium, so long as it accepts your health insurance scheme: not all hospitals accept all insurance. Belgian hospitals are managed by universities (eg. CHU, Centre Hospitalière Universitaire, or UZ, Universitair Ziekenhuis), religious organizations, health insurance funds, and social welfare organizations. They may be general (algemeen) or specialized; some have clinics and day units attached.
When you arrive at a hospital or clinic you’ll need to show some form of identification – a passport or national ID card – as well as your SIS (social security) card if your treatment will be through the state health insurance scheme, or proof of your private health insurance plan if it’s private.
You’ll be asked to pay a deposit and may be asked to pay as you go during your stay. Fees vary. If you choose a shared room you pay a set fee for the room and treatment that will be almost completely reimbursed. If you choose a single room then you pay extra for the room and the doctor may also set his or her own fee for treatment. Ask in advance for a breakdown of extra charges and check that the hospital accepts your own particular health insurance plan. If necessary, bring nightclothes and personal toiletries as none will be provided.
Accident and emergency treatment in Belgium
You should only go to a hospital’s accident and emergency department (les urgences/spoedeisende hulp) for urgent illness or injury. For all other medical needs, you should make an appointment with your own doctor or, if out-of-hours, contact the on-call doctor via your surgery.
In a medical emergency, call 100 for an ambulance (ambulance/ziekenwagen). In Brussels, you can call 105 for a Red Cross ambulance. Most emergency operators will speak English but talk slowly and clearly in whatever language you use. The ambulance will take the patient to the nearest hospital with an accident and emergency service (not all hospitals have them).
The patient will be charged for the ambulance but only private insurance will refund this, not state health insurance.
Some medical services and health insurers insist on a doctor’s referral before calling an ambulance unless the situation is life-threatening, so speak to your own doctor about this before you actually need to use the emergency services.
Insurance for hospital treatment in Belgium
To receive non-emergency treatment in Belgian hospitals and to cover the costs of any emergency procedures, you’ll need health insurance coverage. Here are some of the largest health insurance companies providing coverage for medical treatment to expats in Belgium:
Find your nearest hospital in Belgium
To find a hospital near you, look on the website of the Belgian Association of Hospitals (Belge des Hôpitaux/ Belgian Vereinigung der Krankenhäuser).
Here’s a list of the main hospitals in Belgium. Many of their websites are in English and you can search online for doctors, specialist clinics and other information.
Hospitals in Antwerp
- St Augustinus | 03 443 30 11 | Oosterveldlaan 24, 2610 Wilrijk
- UZ Antwerp | 03 821 30 00 | Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem
- ZNA | The ZNA group has three general and six specialised hospitals around Antwerp, including:
- ZNA St-Erasmus Ziekenhuis | 03 270 80 11 | Luitenant Lippenslaan 55, 2140 Borgerhout
- ZNA Koningin Paola Kinderziekenhuis (children’s hospital) | 03 280 31 11 | Lindendreef 1, 2020 Antwerp
- ZNA St-Elisabeth Ziekenhuis | 03 234 40 40 | Leopoldstraat 26, 2000 Antwerp
- ZNA Middelheim Ziekenhuis | 03 280 31 11 | Lindendreef 1, 2020 Antwerp
Hospitals in Brussels
- CHU Brugmann | 02 477 21 11 | Site Victor Horta (the main of three sites for Brugmann)
- Place Arthur Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels
- CHU Saint-Pierre | 02 535 31 11 | Rue Haute 322, 1000 Brussels
- Les Hôpitaux Iris Sud| There are four hospitals (see the website for details of all four), including:
- Site Etterbeek-Ixelles | 02 641 41 11 | Rue Jean Paquot 63, 1050 Brussels
- Chirec | A full list of Chirec’s medical centres can be found on their website, including:
- Parc Leopold Clinic | 02 434 51 11 | Rue Froissart 38, 1040 Etterbeek
- Edith Cavell Clinic | 02 434 41 11 | Rue Edith Cavell 32, 1180 Uccle
- Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel | 02 477 41 11 | Laarbeeklaan 101, B-1090 Brussels
- Cliniques Universitaires St Luc UCL | 02 764 11 11 | Avenue Hippocrates 10, 1200 Brussels
- Cliniques de l’Europe
- St-Elisabeth | 02 614 20 00 | Avenue de Frélaan 206, 1180 Brussels
- St-Michel | 02 614 30 00 | Rue de Linthoutstraat 150, 1040 Brussels
- Hôpital Erasme ULB | 02 555 31 11 | Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels
- Hôpital Universitaire Des Enfants Reine Fabiola (children’s hospital) | 02 477 33 11 | Avenue Crocq 15, 1020 Brussels
- Institut Jules Bordet | 02 541 31 11 | Boulevard de Waterloo 121, 1000 Brussels
Hospitals in Gent
- Algemeen Ziekenhuis Maria Middelares | 09 260 6060 | Kliniekstraat 27, 9000 Gent
- Algemeen Ziekenhuis Sint-Lucas | 09 224 61 11 | Groenebriel 1, 9000 Gent
- AZ Jan Palfijn | 09 224 71 11 | Henri Dunantlaan 5, 9000 Gent
- UZ Gent | 09 332 21 11 | De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent
Hospitals in Liège
- Hôpital CHR Citadelle | 04 225 61 11 | Boulevard du Douzième de Ligne 1, 4000 Liège
- CHU de Liège | 04 242 52 00 | Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman, Bâtiment B35, B-4000 Liège
- CHC Saint-Joseph | 04 224 81 11 | Rue de Hesbaye 75, 4000 Liège