If you’re planning to study in Russia, you’ll be able to choose from a range of Russian universities and schools. Discover more about higher education in Russia with this guide, including information about accommodation, fees, tuition options, and more.
International students account for 12% of people studying at universities in Russia. With a range of eclectic programs of study and scholarships on offer, it’s easy to see why students flock to study in Russia. The education system in Russia is likely to differ to that of your home country however. This guide will provide you with an overview of what you can expect from universities in Russia.
Top universities in Russia
Only one of the Russian universities, Lomonosov Moscow State University, is in The Times’ top 100 best universities in Europe (92nd). A handful of other Russian universities, however, make the top 250. These include Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (147th), ITMO (178th), Higher School of Economics, Kazan Federal University, National Research Nuclear University MePhl, and St. Petersburg State University (all joint 202nd).
Russia also fares well in the QS World University Rankings. 22 universities feature in the list with eight featuring among the top 400 in the world.
Higher education in Russia
There are more than 600 state universities in Russia and a range of private universities, adding up to a total of 950 higher education institutions. Moscow is particularly well equipped for students, with over 40 universities in total and 9 appearing in the QS rankings.
Types of universities in Russia
While there are lots of good universities in Moscow teaching a range of disciplines, two stand out from the crowd.
Lomonosov Moscow State University was ranked first in the ECCA QS University Rankings, which lists the best universities in Europe and Central Asia. Lomonosov MSU has around 47,000 students; it’s particularly renowned for its performance in natural sciences and arts and humanities. It’s also less than 5km from the center of Moscow. If you are considering enrolling at a Moscow university, this may be a good choice.
In the same rankings, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University (MIPT) occupies 17th place. MIPT is more specialist, with its 5,700 students primarily studying topics such as natural sciences, physics, and astronomy.
Universities here offer flexible methods of learning – with full-time and part-time options, as well as evening classes. This flexibility extends to course choice, with a range of qualifications available, including bachelor’s and master’s degrees, postgraduate degrees, and specialist industry training programs.
Qualifications awarded at Russian universities
Some of the most common Russian qualifications include the following:
- Diploma of Incomplete Higher Education (Diplom O Nepolnom Vysshem Obrazovanii) – at least two years of study.
- Bakalavr Degree (equivalent of a Bachelor’s degree) – at least 4 years of study
- Magistr specialist diploma (equivalent to a Master’s degree) – at least 1-2 years of postgraduate study.
- Kandidat Nauk (equivalent to a PhD) – 3 or more extra years of study
- Aspirantura (graduate school, internship, residency)
- Doctorantura (doctoral studies)
Other qualifications awarded at Russian universities:
- Tekhnikum – usually covers humanitarian, social & natural sciences, economics & mathematics, general professional and specialized courses and practical training. The programs for colleges, in addition to the educational programs of the Tekhnikums, include a program up to a one-year with theory and professional training, including in-depth practical training. Students entering after a basic general education can enter the disciplines for secondary general education.
Applying to one of the Russian universities
Applying to a Russian university can be a competitive business. There are several routes you can take as an international student. It is even possible for foreign students to study for free in some circumstances.
First, you’ll need to work out what you’d like to study and where. Once you’ve found a university, it’s time to consider how you’re going to fund your studies. If you’re self-funding your studies or having them funded by a scholarship from your own country, you can apply to any university.
Alternatively, you can apply for a Russian government scholarship to get into a state-funded university, or if you’re already living in Russia as a secondary school student you can complete the Unified State Examination (which acts as an entrance exam) to apply for universities with state-funded places.
To make an initial application you’ll need certified copies of your education certificates from your own country (translated into Russian), a form issued by your chosen university and copies of your identification. If your application is accepted, you’ll need to bring original copies of these documents to the university when you arrive in Russia.
Regardless of whether you’re self funded or state funded, you’ll usually need to complete entrance exams. Rather than making you take the Unified State Examination (as undertaken by Russian students), most universities will provide exams designed especially for international students.
Exchange programmes, grants and scholarships for Russian universities
Each year, the Russian government offers state-funded places at universities, with 15,000 international spots offered in 2016. Government scholarships include free tuition, a maintenance allowance (1,300 roubles a month in 2016) and in most cases, accommodation. However, the scholarships don’t cover living or travel costs, or health insurance.
The quotes are allocated by The Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States, Compatriots Living Abroad and International Humanitarian Cooperation (Rossotrudnichestvo). The agency works with a network of offices around the world and Russian embassies.
To apply for a scholarship, you can take the following steps:
- Contact the Russian Embassy in your country to find out if your country is allocated state-funded places in Russia
- Choose up to six universities (you can only choose two each from Moscow and St. Petersburg) and fill out the application form here, clearly indicating your order of preference. You will also need to provide documents proving your current level of education and your identity.
- Wait for an invitation to take part in any tests or interviews required by your universities of choice.
- If you pass the exams, you’ll be invited to send your education and medical certificates, and then you can wait for a letter confirming your enrollment.
Alternatively, you can attempt to gain a place at a Russian university by competing in one of the many academic competitions on offer. While you’ll need to study in a Russian school to enter the All-Russian Olympiad, some universities offer their own competitions for international students.
Language skills for admission to a Russian university
While most courses are taught in Russian, it is possible to study in English in some of Russia’s leading universities.
The process for applying for an English language program differs between universities. While you’ll still be asked for certificates providing your previous academic qualifications and your level of English (if you’re not a native English speaker), some will also require you to submit a CV, provide references and complete an interview in English. You can find an English language program using the service supplied by Study in Russia.
If you choose to take a course in Russian but don’t know the language well enough, some universities will enroll you in a year-long preparatory course to learn the Russian language, as well as standard subjects (such as mathematics and science) if they’re required for your field of study.
How much does it cost to study in Russia?
There isn’t a flat cost to study in Moscow, with the price you’ll pay being dependant on your university and course.
As a ballpark figure, if you’re funding your studies yourself, you can reasonably expect to pay somewhere between £2,500 and £5,000 per year.
Where to stay when you study in Russia
Your accommodation options when studying in Moscow are similar to those at universities elsewhere in Europe. You can either live in university halls, rent a private apartment or live with a host family.
If you choose to live in halls, it’s important to be aware that rooms are usually shared by between two and four students. Costs vary significantly depending on which university you choose and the quality of your accommodation. You can only apply to live in halls through your university.
Alternatively, you can either rent a property or live with a host family, although this can be expensive, particularly in Moscow. Some universities will help you in your search for accommodation, so look into this before contacting estate agents.
Russian visas to live and study in Russia
Once you’ve been accepted at a university, you might need to apply for a Russian student visa, depending on whether your country has a visa-free agreement with Russia. If it does have an agreement, you’ll only need to provide your passport. You can find full details about this on the Russian foreign ministry website.
Working while you’re attending higher education in Russia
When you study in Russia, you might be tempted to get a part-time job. If you choose to work at your university (or any organizations affiliated with it), you won’t need a work permit.
If you want to work elsewhere, however, you’ll need to apply for a work permit, and you’ll only be able to work in the profession specified on it. Your work permit will also need to be renewed yearly.
In recent years, it’s become easier for international students to get a work permit, with applications being processed in around 10 working days.
Study in Russia: Student life
The academic year is split into two terms, with the first beginning in early September and the second beginning in early February. Each term lasts for around 18 weeks, with a winter break during New Year. Examination periods usually fall in mid January and June.
There are various benefits available to full-time students in Russia. With a student card, it’s possible to get cheap public transport, cut-price entry to museums and a range of shopping discounts.
If you’re likely to travel abroad during your studies, you can apply for an International Student Identity Card, which will allow you to obtain student discounts around the world. If, however, you’re planning on staying in Russia for the majority of the time, your standard university ID card might suffice.
List of top universities in Moscow
- Lomonosov Moscow State University
- National Research University Higher School of Economics
- Bauman Moscow State Technical University
- Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
- National Research Nuclear University MEPI
- Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
- Moscow State Institute of International Relations
- Finance Academy under the Government of the Russian Federation
- Moscow Aviation Institute
- Russian State University of Oil and Gas