Government & Law

Laws on drugs and alcohol in Qatar

We explain the strict laws that are in place when it comes to buying and consuming drugs and alcohol in Qatar.

Qatar alcohol
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Updated 20-5-2024

As the world counts down to the 2022 FIFA World Cup, current laws on alcohol in Qatar have been endlessly debated in the international media. Current regulations only allow residents to buy and consume alcohol with a permit, while tourists may drink at licensed restaurants and bars. Recreational drugs, on the other hand, are illegal. This attitude is largely in line with the Islamic principles that underpin Qatar’s legal system.

This guide looks at Qatar’s drugs and alcohol policy, and what expats moving to the desert country need to know. It includes the following information:

Drugs in Qatar

Qatar imposes severe penalties for possession, use, and trafficking in illegal drugs. Offenders can face long-term imprisonment and pay heavy fines, followed by deportation. Fines could range up to QR200,000, however, drug trafficking also carries a possible death sentence. Authorities make no exceptions and foreign embassies are generally powerless to intercede on their citizens’ behalf when it comes to drug laws in Qatar.

Qatari police officers in Doha
Qatari police officers in Doha (Photo: Simon Bruty/Anychance/Getty Images)

Travelers entering the country should expect searches on their luggage, although physical searches are the exception rather than the rule. However, all luggage is scanned at Doha Airport Arrivals Hall, as is standard at most international airports.

Prescription drugs in Qatar

A wide range of medicines is available from pharmacies without a prescription in Qatar. This includes many that may require a prescription in most western countries. In contrast, some medicines available without prescription elsewhere require one in Qatar. Therefore, it makes sense to check with a doctor.

Prescription drugs

There are new regulations on antibiotics; you can no longer buy them over the counter. General medicines, such as painkillers, cough medicine, and eye drops, are widely available in supermarkets and larger stores.

Qatar bans several mental health drugs, including tranquilizers, anti-depressants, and some kinds of sleeping pills. In extreme cases, you may be able to obtain these after consulting a local doctor.

If you take regular medications, make sure you are carrying them in their original packaging with any accompanying literature, as well as the doctor’s prescription. To be doubly sure, ask your doctor for a letter confirming that you need these drugs. Authorities usually permit travelers to bring in 30 days’ worth of medicines, and any more should be obtained locally.

You must refill your prescriptions locally, after a visit to a licensed local medical facility. It also helps to be aware of the actual contents and formula and not just the brand name, as these vary from country to country and between manufacturers. You may need to renew your prescription from a local doctor, as many pharmacists cannot accept foreign prescriptions.

Travelers transiting Qatar with prescription drugs in their hand baggage should contact their nation’s embassy in Doha for advice.

Alcohol in Qatar

As with drugs, it is illegal to import alcohol into Qatar (pork products and firearms are other items on the list). Drinking alcohol or being drunk in public are offenses. Drunken driving, public intoxication, and other alcohol-related offenses are also taken seriously and can result in imprisonment, fines, or even deportation.

Alcohol for sale at a shop inside of Doha International Airport

Despite being a social taboo, however, alcohol is available at licensed hotel restaurants, bars, and certain clubs. Expats living in Qatar should carry their Qatar ID or passport with them to these venues.

Expats can also obtain alcohol with a permit. Only the Qatar Distribution Company can import and sell alcohol; the retailer operates the only liquor stores in the country. It also handles alcohol permits. To obtain one, you will need a letter from your employer, which is signed and stamped by an authorized person in the company. This must state your position, basic pay, accommodation, religious affiliation, and marital status. You will also need copies of a valid passport and residence permit, plus a deposit. Furthermore, the minimum salary restrictions of QAR4,000 apply.

Muslims may not purchase or consume alcohol in Qatar. In addition, expat women who are married to Muslims, but practice a different religion themselves and are under their husbands’ sponsorship, cannot get a permit.

Alcohol at the 2022 FIFA World Cup

If you’re planning to cheer on your team at the World Cup with a pint of beer in hand, you may be out of luck. In a last-minute decision, alcoholic drinks have been banned from the grounds of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Beer, wine, and spirits cannot be sold to spectators in Qatar’s eight football stadiums and the perimeter around them. Non-alcoholic beer will still be sold to attending fans, however.

Qatar 2022 World Cup
Al Wakrah Stadium, one of eight completed for the Qatar FIFA World Cup 2022

Alcohol remains more expensive than in most places. As of January 2019, Qatar imposed a 100% ‘sin tax’ on booze but subsequently cut prices by 30%. Despite that price cut, a case of beer costs roughly $64 in Qatar, or about $2.66 a beverage, according to Bloomberg. A hotel bar typically charges around $13.50 per pint.