Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant occupied by Moscow’s troops came back online Friday, the state operator said, after Kyiv claimed it was cut from the national power grid by Russian shelling.
The plant — Europe’s largest nuclear facility — was severed Thursday from Ukraine’s power network for the first time in its four-decade history due to “actions of the invaders”, Energoatom said.
The operator said that as of 2:04 pm (1104 GMT) the plant “is connected to the grid and produces electricity for the needs of Ukraine” once again.
French President Emmanuel Macron, on a visit to Algeria, warned “civil nuclear power must be fully protected” even in the event of war.
Separately Friday, the EU presidency vowed to hold an emergency summit on the spiralling energy crisis caused by the war in Ukraine, which this week entered its seventh month.
The bloc has vowed to wean its 27 member states off Russian oil and gas in protest against the invasion, which has led to tough international sanctions against Moscow.
Friday saw Norway, a major natural gas producer, say it was joining the latest package of EU sanctions.
However, anxiety over supply has sent prices soaring, with Germany and France reporting Friday record electricity prices for 2023, more than 10 times higher than for this year.
Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala said his country, which holds the EU presidency, “will convene an urgent meeting of energy ministers to discuss specific emergency measures”.
– Anxiety over plant –
The Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant has been cause for mounting concern since Russian troops seized it in early March.
In recent weeks, Kyiv and Moscow have traded blame for rocket strikes around the facility in the southern Ukrainian city of Energodar.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said late Thursday the power cut-off was caused by Russian shelling of the last active power line linking the plant to the network.
“Russia has put Ukrainians as well as all Europeans one step away from radiation disaster,” he said.
Energoatom said the outage was caused by ash pit fires at an adjacent thermal power plant, which damaged a line connecting the only two of the plant’s six reactors in operation.
Blaming Russian attacks for damage to the three other power lines linking the complex to the national grid, Energoatom said Friday afternoon one reactor had been reconnected “and capacity is being added”.
International Atomic Energy Agency head Rafael Mariano Grossi said Thursday he wants to visit the site within days, warning of potential disaster.
Ukraine energy minister adviser Lana Zerkal said an IAEA inspection “is planned for the next week”.
But Zerkal told Ukraine’s Radio NV late Thursday she was sceptical the mission would go ahead, despite Moscow’s formal agreement, as “they are artificially creating all the conditions so that the mission will not reach the site”.
– US warning –
Kyiv suspects Moscow intends to divert power from the Zaporizhzhia plant to the Crimean peninsula, annexed by Russian troops in 2014.
On Thursday, Washington warned against any such move.
“The electricity that it produces rightly belongs to Ukraine,” State Department spokesman Vedant Patel told reporters, saying attempts to redirect power to occupied areas was “unacceptable”.
Britain’s defence ministry said satellite imagery showed an increased presence of Russian troops at the power plant with armoured personnel carriers deployed within 60 metres (200 feet) of one reactor.
In another development Friday, French energy firm TotalEnergies said it was divesting its stake in a Russian gas field following a media report that some of its fuel was ending up in Russian fighter jets.
The company said it had signed a deal Friday with its local Russian partner Novatek to sell its 49 percent in the Termokarstovoye gas field “on economic terms enabling TotalEnergies to recover the outstanding amounts invested in the field”.
It said the divestment had been agreed in July and Russian authorities gave the approval on August 25.
A day earlier, French daily Le Monde had reported the alleged refining of natural gas condensates from Termokarstovoye into jet fuel for fighter-bombers involved in Russia’s assault on Ukraine.
TotalEnergies is the only major Western energy group to continue its operations in Russia but chief executive Patrick Pouyanne said in March Russian gas fields exploited by the company’s joint ventures were vital for supplying energy to Europe.
Also Friday, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez’s office said he would visit Germany next week for talks with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz that are expected to focus on Europe’s energy crisis.
Germany is hugely dependent on Russian gas and Scholz says an Iberian pipeline to central Europe could ease the supply crisis.
Currently Spain has just two low-capacity links to France’s gas network, which has connections to the rest of Europe.