Home Education Higher Education Universities in Switzerland
Last update on September 21, 2020

To study abroad in Switzerland, learn about the top Swiss universities, required qualifications, how to apply, fees, scholarships, accommodation, and student life.

If you want to study abroad in Switzerland, you’ll find plenty of opportunities for international students.

Swiss universities offer a wide range of courses at Bachelor, Master, and Doctorate level and in four different languages. University education in Switzerland is very international, the educational standards are high, and tuition fees are comparatively low. All of these factors attract students from around the world looking to learn in the Alpine nation.

Top universities in Switzerland

Switzerland has some of the world’s best universities. Out of its 12 doctoral/research universities, one – the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) – is ranked 13th in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-15. Another six are in the top 200. They are:

  • École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (34)
  • Universität Basel (75)
  • Universität Zürich (103)
  • Université de Genève (107)
  • Universität Bern (132)
  • Université de Lausanne (136)

That’s not bad for a small country of around eight million people.

A study area at ETH Zürich
A study area at ETH Zürich

Additionally, in Times Higher Education‘s comparisons, Switzerland’s two federal technology institutes are the world’s two most international universities. The Federal technology institute ETH Zurich ranks first, with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) in second place and the University of Zurich in 15th. This is partly helped by Switzerland having the greatest proportion of international staff and publications with international co-authors, both at 62%.

Higher education in Switzerland

Swiss universities attract students from all over the world. In 2013/14, more than 229,000 students graduated from Swiss universities and about a quarter of these were international students. Università della Svizzera italiana (USI) is the ‘most international’ university with 65% of its students coming from 100 different countries. Now about a third of undergraduate and around half of the post-graduate students in Swiss universities are from abroad.

Bachelor programs are usually taught in the national language of the region (German, French, or Italian and some bilingual courses). Some universities offer English-language programs. For example, at ETH Zurich, some degree courses are in German for the first year and then in English afterwards. Master’s programs are being increasingly taught in English.

The academic year has two semesters of 14 weeks. The autumn semester runs from week 38 to week 51; spring semester runs from week 8 to 22.

Types of universities in Switzerland

In Switzerland, there are 12 doctoral/research universities, eight universities of applied sciences (UAS), and 20 universities of teacher education (UTE). Most universities are state-funded, except one of the UAS is private/state-recognized and 14 UTEs are independent.

Many degrees – all humanities and some science degrees, for example – are only available at academic universities; others, like health sciences, can only be studied at universities of applied science. Swiss higher educational policy values quality over quantity. Some universities specialize in certain subjects, while smaller universities may offer only a small selection of disciplines.

The academic universities, which include the 10 cantonal and two federal institutes of technology, offer a wide range of bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees programs at a high scientific and theory-based level and carry out research.

The University of Geneva
The University of Geneva

The universities of applied sciences usually offer bachelor’s and master’s degrees (and sometimes doctoral degrees) in scientific and professional education. They also carry out applied research.

International students cannot study medicine in Switzerland. There are few places in medicine and these are almost always reserved for local students.

Other university-level institutions include: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva, the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP) in Lausanne, the Institut Universitaire Kurt Bösch (IUKB) in Sion, and the Distance Learning University Switzerland.

Contact each institution directly for information on each course and admission criteria. There are links to all the universities in Switzerland at the end of this article. You can find out what university courses are available throughout Switzerland at swissuniversities.

MBAs, EMBA, MAS: business degrees and programs in Switzerland

There are numerous types of business degrees, diplomas, and certificates from Swiss universities. These help executives and leaders strengthen their knowledge and make them better managers – but only if they choose the right program, whether it’s an EMBA, MBA, DAS or even CAS.

Universities and other educational institutions now have broader, more advanced programs to better prepare business students to become the leaders of the future. Rochester-Bern Executive Programs, for example, offers a number of higher education programs in Bern in cooperation with the University of Rochester in the United States.

Qualifications awarded in Switzerland

Swiss degree courses follow the Bologna ECTS (European Credit Transfer and accumulation System), which allows student mobility because credits can be accumulated elsewhere and transferred. The system includes:

  • Bachelor degrees usually last three full years and earn 180 ECTS.
  • Master’s degree programs require students to already hold a bachelor’s degree, last between one-and-a-half to two years and earn 90–120 ECTS.
  • Doctoral degrees are usually only awarded by academic universities, require students to already hold a master’s degree from a doctoral/research university and last for between three and five years.
  • Swiss universities also offer Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) – earning 60 ECTS for one year full-time study – to students with a first degree but MAS does not grant admission to a doctoral degree program.

Students at the universities of teacher educations graduate with a teaching certificate allowing them to teach at the various grades within the Swiss education system, from primary to post-compulsory education, and an academic title (bachelor or master).

Exchange programs and scholarships in Switzerland

Some Swiss universities offer scholarships to international students, such as exchange scholarships with selected partner universities. You must be already enrolled at the partner university abroad and nominated for exchange. You can contact your university’s international office to help transfer between accredited universities.

In response to the Swiss vote to limit immigration, Switzerland is no longer a full member of the EU’s Erasmus+ student exchange program. For the time being, the Federal Council is funding its own interim solution Erasmus+/Swiss-European Mobility Program (SEMP). Under this program, students from certain foreign universities can get assistance to study at a Swiss university. For details, see the websites of individual Swiss universities.

The Swiss government also offers Excellence Scholarships to foreign scholars and artists through the Federal Commission for Scholarships for Foreign Students (FCS). These are postgraduate scholarships for doctoral or postdoctoral research in Switzerland. The type of scholarships available depend on your nationality. For more information for the academic year 2016-17, including eligibility criteria and the application procedure, see the State Secretariat for Education and Research and Innovation (SERI).

US students may also be able to come and study in Switzerland through the US Fulbright-Swiss Scholarship Program.

Student visas and permits for studying in Switzerland

If you’re from a country in the European Union (EU) or European Free Trade Association (EFTA – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland) you can enter and study in Switzerland without a visa; you just need to register with your local Residents’ Registration Office within 14 days of arrival to get a residence permit. See Expatica’s guide for EU/EFTA citizens moving to Switzerland.

If you’re from outside the EU/EFTA then you will probably need to organize a student visa from the Swiss embassy or consulate in your home country before coming to Switzerland (allow at least eight weeks). For more information on immigration, see Expatica’s guide to Swiss student visas and permits.

Applying to a Swiss university

You have to apply directly to each university in Switzerland. Entrance requirements for most Swiss universities are the same for the whole of Switzerland. However, each university makes its own decisions on student admission. You can usually complete an application form online via the university website. Once you receive confirmation of your application, you can hand in your application fee and any documentation necessary.

A common area at the University of Zürich
A common area at the University of Zürich

For most academic universities, the application deadline for autumn courses is 30 April; dates vary for spring admissions, and for any other type of university or institution. You can find a list of deadlines for applications for each university here. Contact the universities’ international and admissions offices if you need help or have any questions. Remember to check the language requirements for your course.

If you already live in one canton and wish to apply to go to university in another canton, you must apply to your cantonal authority.

Everyone living in Switzerland for three months or more needs basic health insurance. If your home country provides international health coverage (e.g., the European Health Insurance Card or EHIC), or you have an insurance policy from your home country that meets Swiss health insurance requirements, you can apply for an exemption. You can do this when the local authorities contact you to prove that you have health insurance coverage. If you are not exempt, you must take out a Swiss health insurance plan.

Qualifications needed to study in Switzerland

To gain admission to study for a Bachelor’s degree at a Swiss academic university, you should hold a matura/maturité (the Swiss university entrance qualification) or the equivalent foreign school-leaving certificate which qualifies students for university, such as the International Baccalaureate (IB), European Baccalaureate, British A levels or the US High School Diploma. You can find specific admission requirements for your own country of origin here. If you want to go to a university of applied science, you may also need to prove that you have experience or special aptitude in the field.

To gain admission to a Master’s program, you need to hold a Bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 180 ECTS points or the equivalent qualification from an internationally recognized university. Individual universities will decide whether or not a particular foreign Bachelor’s degree is valid or not, and may also have further requirements for foreign students such as an entrance exam. There is no independent body responsible for recognition of these qualifications for admission to university programs.

Universities of Teacher Education (UTE) require students to hold a matura/maturité, an EDK-recognised teaching diploma, or a degree from a university of applied sciences for the Bachelor course. If you want to teach at an upper secondary level, you need a master’s degree in one or two school subjects.

Language skills for admission to Swiss university

You should be able to speak the teaching language of the university (French, German, or Italian) to a reasonable standard. However, some master’s programs are taught in English. You may be asked to sit a language test or gain a language certificate before being accepted into a course. Some universities offer free language courses for foreign students during the summer holidays and/or during the academic year. Others offer low-cost language courses through their language centers.

Cost of studying in Switzerland

Most Swiss universities are publicly funded which makes studying at a Swiss university relatively affordable. Private universities charge higher tuition fees than public universities.

Fees vary between universities but they are generally lower than many other countries. They range between CHF 500 and CHF 2,000 per semester. Some universities apply a surcharge for foreign students, for example, CHF 500 per semester for students on an undergraduate program and CHF 100 on a postgraduate program. If you’re an exchange student, you do not pay any tuition fees.

You do have to be able to support yourself while you’re studying in Switzerland. The cost of living in Switzerland is quite high. About CHF 10,000 per semester should cover books and materials, health insurance, accommodation, meals, excursions, and other expenses.

Student accommodation in Switzerland

Some university campuses have furnished rooms to let at subsidized rates to foreign students. Ask your university, as most have an accommodation service to help students find somewhere to stay during their time in Switzerland. These services can provide language assistance, give basic information on housing and tenancy laws and will have an online database of regularly updated vacancy adverts.

Other useful student accommodation links are www.wgzimmer.ch, www.students.ch/wohen and the Swiss Rector’s comprehensive list of apartment and room finding services for students in Switzerland.

Working while studying in Switzerland

Students can work up to 15 hours a week throughout each semester and full-time during holidays, although if you are from outside of the EU/EFTA you must wait for six months after the beginning of your course to do so. All foreign students must inform the immigration authorities if they wish to work. You can find work through newspapers, student associations or through the university job websites.

Tips on student life in Switzerland

Courses usually consist of lectures and seminars and workloads can be heavy. Students can expect to invest around 25–30 hours of study (attending lectures, working on assignments, background reading and exam preparation) to gain 1 ECTS – and need to get around 30 ECTS per semester. Many Swiss students go home at weekends so it can be quiet on campus at these times.

List of top Swiss universities

German cantons

Italian canton

French cantons

For details of the universities of teacher education and other university level organisations, see the Swiss universities’ list of recognised higher education institutions in Switzerland.

Useful links