Every Christmas Day afternoon, Britain’s reigning monarch delivers a television message to the Commonwealth, detailing the events of the last 12 months and wishes for the future. This usually lasts around 10 minutes.
There have been only three occasions when there was no message on radio or television; 1936 (due to Edward VIII’s abdication a few weeks before), 1938 and in 1969 when a written message was issued. This was because a special documentary film, ‘Royal Family’, had been made during the summer of 1969 and it therefore was decided not to broadcast at Christmas.
The first message was delivered live, by King George V, the Queen’s grandfather, in 1932.
The idea had been proposed by Sir John Reith, founder of the BBC. The broadcast went out to Great Britain, Australia, Canada, India, Kenya and South Africa, from a temporary studio in Sandringham House.
In 1932, an estimated 20 million people tuned in to the two-and-a-half minute message, written by Rudyard Kipling and read as follows:
“Through one of the marvels of modern Science, I am enabled, this Christmas Day, to speak to all my peoples throughout the Empire. I take it as a good omen that Wireless should have reached its present perfection at a time when the Empire has been linked in closer union. For it offers us immense possibilities to make that union closer still.
“It may be that our future may lay upon us more than one stern test. Our past will have taught us how to meet it unshaken. For the present, the work to which we are all equally bound is to arrive at a reasoned tranquillity within our borders; to regain prosperity without self-seeking; and to carry with us those whom the burden of past years has disheartened or overborne.
“My life’s aim has been to serve as I might, towards those ends. Your loyalty, your confidence in me has been my abundant reward.
“I speak now from my home and from my heart to you all. To men and women so cut off by the snows, the desert or the sea, that only voices out of the air can reach them; to those cut off from fuller life by blindness, sickness, or infirmity; and to those who are celebrating this day with their children and grand-children.
“To all, to each, I wish a Happy Christmas. God Bless You!”
This year’s speech, 86 years later, was broadcast to all 52 Commonwealth nations at 3pm and was shown on BBC One, ITV, Sky 1 and Sky News, and on BBC Radio 4.
In the broadcast, recorded in Buckingham Palace’s white drawing room, the 92-year-old Queen joked that family events, including weddings and births, have kept “a grandmother well occupied” in 2018.
Focusing on “faith, family and friendship,” which has been “a source of personal comfort and reassurance,” the Queen noted that the Commonwealth now included a third of the world’s population.
The Queen’s speech for Christmas 2018, can be watched HERE
Or read it below:
“For many, the service of ‘Nine Lessons and Carols’ from King’s College Cambridge is when Christmas begins. Listened to by millions of people around the world it starts with a chorister singing the first verse of once in royal David City. The priest who introduced this service to King’s College Chapel exactly 100 years ago was Eric Milner White. He had served as a military chaplain in the First World War. Just six weeks after the Armistice he wanted a new kind of service which, with its message of peace and goodwill spoke to the needs of the times.
“2018 has been a year of centenaries. The Royal Air Force celebrated its hundredth anniversary with a memorable fly-past demonstrating a thrilling unity of purpose and execution.We owe them and all our armed services our deepest gratitude.
“My father served in the Royal Navy during the First World War he was a midshipman in HMS Collingwood at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. The British fleet lost 14 ships and 6,000 men in that engagement. My father wrote in a letter how and why we were not hit beats me.
“Like others he lost friends in the war. At Christmas we become keenly aware of loved ones who have died whatever the circumstances. But of course we would not grieve if we did not love. Closer to home, it has been a busy year for my family.
“With two weddings and two babies and another child expected soon it helps to keep a grandmother well occupied. We have had other celebrations too, including the 70th birthday of the Prince of Wales.
“Some cultures believe a long life brings wisdom. I’d like to think so. Perhaps, part of that wisdom is to recognize some of life’s baffling paradoxes such as the way human beings have a huge propensity for good, and yet a capacity for evil.
“Even the power of faith which frequently inspires great generosity and self-sacrifice can fall victim to tribalism. But through the many changes I have seen over the years: faith, family, and friendship have been not only a constant for me, but a source of personal comfort and reassurance.
“In April the Commonwealth Heads of Government met in London. My father welcomed just age countries to the first such meetings in 1948. Now, the Commonwealth includes 53 countries with 2.4 billion people, a third of the world’s population. Its strength lies in the bonds of affection it promotes and a common desire to live in a better, more peaceful world.
“Even with the most deeply held differences, treating the other person with respect and as a fellow human being is always a good first step towards greater understanding. Indeed the Commonwealth Games held this year on Australia’s Gold Coast are known universally as the friendly games because of their emphasis on good will and mutual respect.
“The Christmas story retains its appeal since it doesn’t provide theoretical explanations for the puzzles of life. Instead, it’s about the birth of a child, and the hope that birth 2,000 years ago, brought to the world.
“Only a few people acknowledged Jesus when he was born; now billions follow him. I believe his message of peace on earth and goodwill to all is never out of date. It can be heeded by everyone. It’s needed as much as ever.
“A very happy Christmas to you all.”