Portugal faces strike call against new austerity budget
Portugal's government was set to submit its austere 2012 draft budget to parliament on Monday hours after union leaders called for a general strike against the deep spending cuts proposed.
The draft, previewed by Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho and his centre-right govrnment on Thursday, contains toughened austerity measures the government says are needed to meet conditions set by debt-wracked Portugal’s international creditors.
The head of the main UGT union, Joao Proenca, who called for the strike alongside his counterpart Manuel Carvalho da Silva of the CGTP union, slammed the budget that lawmakers will vote on by the end of the month.
“These measures will not get the country out of the crisis, but will worsen poverty, unemployment and inequality,” he said.
The date and nature of the strike “will be decided soon”, Carvalho da Silva said.
The prime minister insisted the biting cuts are needed to tackle what he described as a “national emergency” in a televised address Thursday.
With an absolute majority in the assembly, Passos Coehlo’s coalition, in power since June, is assured of its adoption.
The proposal includes the temporary suspension of 13th and 14th month salary payments for civil servants and pensioners who earn more than 1,000 euros a month.
In the private sector, employees will be requested to work half an hour more per day. VAT is set to be hiked while the health and education budgets will be slashed.
Passos Coelho said the “measures are temporary and will remain in place only during the financial aid programme”, in his Thursday address.
Portugal in May received a 78-billion-euro bailout from the European Union and International Monetary Fund, conditioned on a tough austerity programme to be executed over three years.
The country needs to reduce its public deficit from 9.8 percent of gross domestic product in 2010 to 5.9 percent by the end of this year.
The cutbacks envisioned in the draft budget are “inevitable”, said the Diario Economico newspaper Monday, while questioning if “these sacrifices will solve (Portugal’s) problems”.
Tens of thousands of people flooded the streets of Lisbon on Saturday to protest against Passos Coelho’s budget and the demands imposed by the EU and IMF amid crippling unemployment which stands at 12.3 percent.
Finance Minister Vitor Gaspar is scheduled to submit the draft budget to parliament by the end of business Monday.