Left-wing opposition topples Portugal government
A left-wing opposition alliance in Portugal toppled the country's minority conservative government in a parliamentary vote on Tuesday, less than two weeks after it was sworn in.
The newly-formed bloc comprising the Socialist Party (PS), Communists and their allies voted for a motion rejecting the government’s programme, in a move likely to spook investors and markets as the country still recovers from an economic crisis.
The move brings an automatic end to the government of Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho, whose centre-right coalition won the most votes in last month’s elections but lost the absolute majority it had enjoyed since 2011.
His second government becomes the shortest-lived since Portugal returned to democracy in 1974.
“It is possible to turn the page of austerity in the eurozone,” the head of the Socialist Party, Antonio Costa, 54, said after the vote.
The text was passed by 123 votes in favour and 107 against.
Together, the Socialists, the Communists and the Left Bloc — which is close to Greece’s ruling Syriza party — hold a majority in parliament, with 122 seats out of 230.
Their alliance is the first of its kind since the birth of a democratic Portugal, and had seemed unimaginable just weeks ago due to differences between the various leftist groups.
It is the first time that the three parties have put aside their differences and agreed to work together to form a government.
– ‘A radical choice’ –
The parties want to reverse some cutbacks and reforms demanded by creditors following Portugal’s 78-billion-euro ($87-billion) bailout.
The full details of the pact between the left-wing parties are not yet public, but their plans include giving back government workers pay that was cut and restoring four public holidays that were scrapped to boost productivity.
Passos Coelho, 51, accused the newly-formed bloc ahead of the vote of wanting to push through a “short-term and unrealistic programme” which “would be viewed as a threat” to the country’s economic recovery.
“The Socialist Party has made a radical choice, preferring to team up with minorities which they have always fought,” he added after the vote.
President Anibal Cavaco Silva will now have to decide who will lead the country.
Reluctant to hand the reins to a government backed by the far-left, he could decide to leave fellow conservative Passos Coelho, whom he will meet on Wednesday, at the helm until a new election is held — by June at the latest.
Analyst Colin Bermingham of France-based bank BNP Paribas said that the Portuguese president might “need to give the left the opportunity to govern”.
Costa has been seeking to reassure investors and Portugal’s eurozone partners that a Socialist-led government would respect the country’s international commitments and not be headed for a Greece-style clash with creditors.
Unlike in Greece, where the far-left Syriza party leads the government, Portugal’s Communists and the Left Bloc would play a supporting role to the traditionally mainstream PS.
– ‘Balancing act’ –
“A PS government will not seek confrontation with the European Union. It will try to convince Brussels to not adopt a hard line in case there is a budget slippage,” political scientist Antonio Costa Pinto told AFP.
“A Socialist Party government will be obliged to respect commitments between Portugal and Brussels.”
But investors appeared nervous, with Lisbon’s stock exchange closing down 0.30 percent on Tuesday before the result of the vote was known, after falling 4.05 percent on Monday.
Yields on the country’s benchmark 10-year bond rose 15 basis points to 2.84 percent, compared to 2.29 percent before the elections.
Analysts warned that any new left-wing government would face trouble.
“Costa will have a difficult balancing act on his hands if he is appointed prime minister,” BNP’s Bermingham said, predicting at least two weeks of uncertainty before a new government took office.
David Schnautz, from Commerzbank, warned it would be a “weak executive” and predicted early elections would be called next year.
The divisions inside parliament were reflected in the streets outside, where about 5,000 left-wingers rallying in favour of a new Socialist-led government faced off with about 2,000 supporters of the conservative government.
“We’ve been dreaming of a union of the left since the April 25, 1974 revolution,” said Fatima Carvalho, 66.
Isabel Norton de Matos, a 59-year-old interpreter, said she hoped that “with Antonio Costa, Portugal does not become a new Greece”.