Endangered Iberian lynx population keeps growing
Once on the verge of extinction, the Iberian lynx population in Spain and Portugal has risen more than 10-fold over the past 18 years, the Spanish government said Friday.
nce on the verge of extinction, the Iberian lynx population in Spain and Portugal has risen more than 10-fold over the past 18 years, the Spanish government said Friday.
A total of 414 lynx were born in 2020 bringing their total number in the two countries to 1,111, the ministry for ecological transition said in a statement.
That is up from fewer than 100 in 2002, when the first census of the spotted nocturnal cat was carried out, thanks to a programme of captive breeding and release of the animals into the wild.
“This demographic curve allows for optimism and raises scenarios that move the great Iberian feline away from the critical risk of disappearance,” the statement said.
“Nevertheless experts ask for caution and insist on the need to keep up the effort and existing conservation programmes since the species is not out of danger.”
Slightly larger than a red fox and distinguished by a white and black beard and black ear tufts, around 100,000 Iberian lynx roamed the two nations at the start of the 20th century.
But urban development, hunting, road kill and most of all a dramatic decline due to disease in wild rabbits numbers — the lynx’s main prey — sharply reduced their populations.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has warned that the Iberian lynx, found only in Spain and Portugal, could become the first big cat to go extinct since the sabre-tooth tiger died out 10,000 years ago.
But in 2015 the International Union for Conservation of Nature downgraded the status of the animal from “critically endangered” — its highest category before extinction in the wild — to “endangered”.