French holidays: French national holidays and important dates 2017
Here is a list of French holidays in 2017, including regional and French national holidays plus other important holidays in France, such as French school holidays, daylight saving and Mother's and Father's Day.
Whether you're living in France or just visiting, below is a list of important French holidays to mark on your calendar. Many businesses in France close for French national holidays (or French bank holidays), although some shopping centres and grocers may stay open on French holidays, even if only for half a day, particularly in larger cities.
France observes 11 French public holidays each year, however, only May Day is classed as a statutory (paid) holiday in France; the entitlement to other paid French holidays and the conditions for working on French national holidays (such as higher pay) are left to the discretion of the employer-employee contract or union, so check the French holiday calendar when looking for jobs in France.
Most French holidays apply across the nation although two regions, Alsace and Lorraine, have two extra French public holidays. The former German territory retained these two extra public holidays when it was returned to France at the end of WWI.
If a national holiday in France falls on a Sunday, the following Monday is usually given as a French holiday. If a national holiday in France falls on a Saturday, however, no extra day is given during the week. When French holiday dates fall on a Tuesday or Thursday, employees in France commonly make a 'bridge' holiday (faire le pont), creating a very long weekend. Some businesses may opt to close completely during a bridge holiday in France. You can see which French bank holidays coincide with the top French festivals, as it's a great reason to travel the country and experience French food and culture.
The two most widely celebrated holidays in France are Bastille Day on 14 July and All Saints Day on 1 November. The first French national holiday commemorates the storming of the Bastille in 1789 and is a celebration of nationhood with communal fireworks (see image below), tricolour flags flying and moules frites at the mairie.
The second French holiday, the Catholic holy day of La Toussaint or All Saints, is a more private affair where families place flowers – most commonly chrysanthemums – on graves in honour of their dead relatives, and then go home for a huge lunch. All Saints Day falls on the day after Halloween, although Halloween is a somewhat controversial celebration in France as it is seen by some as an unwelcome American import. However, it is increasingly celebrated as a holiday in France, especially in the larger cities.
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day on December 24 and 25 are also widely celebrated French holidays, although in parts of northern and eastern France some children receive presents on the morning of St Nicholas’ Day on 6 December. Below is a list of French holidays for 2017.
Bastille Day is one of biggest French holidays celebrated around the country.
French national holidays
- January 1: New Year's Day (Jour de l'an)
- April 14: Good Friday – applicable only to Alsace and Moselle/Lorraine.
- April 17: Easter Monday (Lundi de Pâques)
- May 1: Labour Day (Fête du premier mai)
- May 8: WWII Victory Day (Fête du huitième mai or Jour de la Victoire 45)
- May 25: Ascension Day (Jour de l'Ascension, 40 days after Easter)
- June 5: Whit Monday – also known as Pentecost Monday (Lundi de Pentecôte).
- July 14: Bastille Day (Fête nationale)
- August 15: Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Assomption)
- November 1: All Saints Day (La Toussaint)
- November 11: Armistice Day (Jour d'armistice)
- December 25: Christmas Day (Noël)
- December 26: Boxing Day/St Stephen's Day (Deuxième jour de Noël): applicable only to Alsace and Moselle/Lorraine.
Bleuet de France is worn on the French holiday of Armistice Day in memory of veterans and war victims, similar to the remembrance poppy used in the British Commonwealth.
Important French holidays
- March 26: Clocks go forward one hour as daylight saving time (DST) starts.
- April 1: April Fool’s Day (Poisson d'Avril)
- May 28: Mother’s day (last Sunday in May)
- June 18: Father’s day (third Sunday in June)
- October 29: Clocks go back one hour (DST ends).
French school holidays
School dates vary according to which ‘zone’ you’re in. The French Ministry of Education maintains a comprehensive list of school holidays in France.
Holidays in France: vocabulary
- Holiday in French: jour férié (official days off work), fête (religious holidays).
- Holidays in French: vacances (vacation)
- To go on vacation: passer les vacances
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