topics
tools
Expatica countries
Index Last Var.(%)
BEL 20 3083.51 0.32
DAX 9605.08 0.17
IBEX 30 10058.5 -1.04
CAC 40 4387.61 -0.20
FTSE 100 6806.86 -0.05
AEX 397.5 -0.20
DJIA 16272.65 0.46
Nasdaq 4318.933 0.63
FTSE MIB 20298.33 -0.11
TSX Composite 14214.35 0.18
ASX 5415.4 -0.10
Hang seng 22836.96 0.04
Straits Times 3110.78 0.45
ISEQ 20 836.3 0.23
EUR / USD 1.37976 0.67
EUR / GBP 0.82571 0.59
USD / GBP 0.598544 -0.10
Gold 1329.6 -0.13
Oil 108.9 -0.76
Silver 21.28 0.08
You are here: Home News French News Holocaust survivor honours French Jews killed in Estonia
Enlarge font Decrease font Text size


02/06/2010Holocaust survivor honours French Jews killed in Estonia

Survivors, relatives and government officials Wednesday honoured the memory of hundreds of French Jews who were killed by Nazi Germany in Estonia during the Holocaust.

"Here, before this memorial, I am torn with feelings of unease because I survived, and by sadness in the face of the pain of the families," said Henri Zadjenwergier, 83, at the unveiling of a monument in the Baltic state's capital Tallinn.

"As long as I have breath left in my body, I will bear witness to the fate of those innocent victims whose only 'crime' was to be Jews," he said.

Zadjenwergier is the only remaining survivor of Convoy 73, a train that left German-occupied France in May 1944 carrying 878 Jews.

It was one of 79 trains sent eastwards from a camp at Drancy near Paris.

While most went to German-occupied Poland, location of the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, Convoy 73 was the only one to travel to the Baltic. Historians been unable to establish why.

Some 600 victims were disembarked in Lithuania and killed.

The rest, including Zadjenwergier, were sent on to Estonia as forced labourers.

In September 1944, as Soviet troops rolled back the Germans, the 34 survivors were sent to a Nazi camp at Stutthof, now in Poland. Only 22 lived to return home when World War II ended in 1945.

Estonia was a battleground between Germany and the Soviet Union.

In 1941, German forces drove out the Soviets, who had seized the country the previous year under a pact with the Nazis. The Soviet Union deported thousands of Estonians to their deaths and were to do so again after the war.

The Nazis brought their own terror.

Estonia's pre-war Jewish population was some 4,400. Most fled before the Nazi invasion, but 1,000 died.

The Nazis sent around 10,000 Jews from other occupied countries to camps in Estonia.

"People became just numbers during the war and the total number of victims was only known to the planners and implementers of these crimes," Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet told AFP at the ceremony.

"We must do our best to increase people's awareness of what happened," he added.

The Soviets drove the Nazis from Estonia in late 1944. The country was a Soviet republic until the communist bloc collapsed in 1991.



© 2010 AFP


0 reactions to this article

0 reactions to this article

 
 
 
 
 
Inside Expatica
Management culture in France

Management culture in France

This handy guide from Expertise in Labour Mobility includes information on business hierarchy, negotiations, and etiquette.

American associations and clubs in Paris

American associations and clubs in Paris

A listing of organizations in the Paris area that cater primarily to Americans living in France. Updated April 2011.

British associations and clubs in Paris

British associations and clubs in Paris

Our handy guide to the British community in Paris, from cricket clubs to Scottish country dancing lessons to where to find a jar of Marmite.

Anglophone services in France

Anglophone services in France

Here's a short introduction to our Banking section for those living in France, from how to open a bank account to Islamic banking and investments.

0news 1local_news 2holocaust-survivor-honours-french-jews-killed-in-estonia_72936