topics
tools
Expatica countries
Index Last Var.(%)
BEL 20 3083.51 0.32
DAX 9605.08 0.17
IBEX 30 10058.5 -1.04
CAC 40 4387.61 -0.20
FTSE 100 6806.86 -0.05
AEX 397.5 -0.20
DJIA 16272.65 0.46
Nasdaq 4318.933 0.63
FTSE MIB 20298.33 -0.11
TSX Composite 14214.35 0.18
ASX 5415.4 -0.10
Hang seng 22836.96 0.04
Straits Times 3110.78 0.45
ISEQ 20 836.3 0.23
EUR / USD 1.37976 0.67
EUR / GBP 0.82571 0.59
USD / GBP 0.598544 -0.10
Gold 1329.6 -0.13
Oil 108.9 -0.76
Silver 21.28 0.08
You are here: Home News Dutch News Herman the bull heads to greener pastures
Enlarge font Decrease font Text size


02/04/2004Herman the bull heads to greener pastures

2 April 2004

AMSTERDAM — Herman, the world's first genetically modified bull, has had to be put to sleep. The bull had been at the centre of an ethical storm when he was genetically engineered in 1991. In recent times he had been suffering from a crippling disease, it was revealed Friday.

Herman the Bull, put down at age 13

Herman, 13, had been living out his peaceful retirement with cloned cows Holly and Belle as part of the biotechnology exhibit at the Naturalis natural history museum in Leiden in the Netherlands, news agency ANP reported.

Vets at the University of Utrecht, which was caring for Herman, said it was decided to put him to sleep because he was suffering from arthritis, a disease that affects limb joints.

Herman was the world's first transgenic bull and was conceived in a test tube at the laboratories of Leiden-based firm Pharming Europe.

Scientists injected Herman's cells with human gene coding so that his female offspring would produce milk containing lactoferrin, which is an iron-containing protein important for infant growth.

Babies get lactoferrin from mother's milk or formula, but cow's milk does not include the protein, which helps fight infections.

Researchers planned to artificially inseminate 60 cows with Herman's sperm in order to create a new generation of inexpensive, high-tech drugs derived from cows' milk to treat complex diseases such as AIDS and cancer.

But the announcement of Herman's creation caused an outcry from people concerned about the ethics of genetic manipulation.

In December 1992, the Dutch Parliament changed the law to allow Herman to reproduce. He went on to father 55 calves.

Cows born from Herman did produce milk containing lactoferrin. This almost proved his undoing, however, as the law demanded that he be slaughtered at the conclusion of his role in the experiment.

Scientists and the public rallied to Herman's defence and in the end the Agriculture Minister of the day, Jozias van Aartsen, agreed to a reprieve — providing that Herman did not have any more offspring. Eventually, Herman was placed in Naturalis.

The Herman foundation, or Stichting Stier Herman, confirmed his death on Friday. The organisation said the arthritis had been caused by old age and there was no evidence it was linked to his genetic engineering.

[Copyright Expatica News 2004]

Subject: Dutch news + transgenic bull




0 reactions to this article

0 reactions to this article

 
Discussion Forums

Business and Finance in the Netherlands

Mid-week currency update

Indians in the Netherlands

Surrender of Indian Passport and applying for OCI

Indians in the Netherlands

Consular Services at Indian Embassy

Travel & Transport in the Netherlands

Real And Fake Passports,Driver’s License,ID Cards,Visas,

Legal Problems in the Netherlands

Real And Fake Passports,Driver’s License,ID Cards,

participate in the forums

 
 
 
 
 
Inside Expatica
Setting up home in the Netherlands

Setting up home in the Netherlands

A guide to telephone, internet and television along with utility services water, electricity and gas in the Netherlands.

Dutch immigration and residency regulations

Dutch immigration and residency regulations

Lost in the Dutch immigration system? Look no further than this guide compiled for our Survival Guide 2012.

A brief introduction to the Netherlands

A brief introduction to the Netherlands

Expatica offers a whistle-stop tour of life in the modern Netherlands.

Giving birth in the Netherlands

Giving birth in the Netherlands

The challenges and benefits of the maternity system in the Netherlands and how it differs to other countries.