Portugal facts

Portugal facts: Transnational issues and military

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In the final part of our facts on Portugal, we take a brief look at its military and transnational issues in Portugal.

Military branches:
Portuguese Army (Exercito Portugues), Portuguese Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Portuguese Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP) (2009)
Military service age and obligation:
18 years of age for voluntary military service; compulsory military service ended in 2004; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties; reserve obligation to age 35 (2007)
Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 2,573,913; females age 16-49: 2,498,262 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 2,103,558; females age 16-49: 2,049,032 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 64,047; female: 57,630 (2009 est.)
Military expenditures: 2.3% of GDP (2005 est.)

Transnational issues
Disputes - international:
Portugal does not recognise Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
Illicit drugs:
seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined for Europe; a European gateway for Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin

CIA World Factbook / Expatica


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