The charges against Goran Hadzic

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Former Croatian Serb leader Goran Hadzic, who will go before a UN war crimes tribunal judge Monday, faces charges over his role during Croatia's war from 1991 to 1995.

The one-time president of the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina in Croatia is accused of participating in a joint criminal enterprise with plans for the "permanent removal" of a majority of Croat and other non-Serbs from about one-third of Croatia's territory to make it part of a Serb-dominated state.

The last wanted fugitive of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, Hadzic faces 14 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including murder, persecution, torture, imprisonment, deportation and wanton destruction.

He is being held responsible for the deaths of hundreds of Croats and non-Serbs and the deportation of tens of thousands of others. Herewith are some of the main points in the indictment against Hadzic:

VUKOVAR: One of the darkest periods in the Croatian war, some 260 Croats and other non-Serbs were taken from Vukovar's hospital to a farm outside the town where they were tortured and murdered in November 1991 following a harrowing three-month siege of the town. Their bodies were buried in a mass grave.

OTHER AREAS AROUND CROATIA: Hadzic is also wanted for the persecution and murder of dozens of other Croats and non-Serb civilians, including "women and elderly persons." The majority of the crimes were committed by Serb forces belonging to the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), Serbian secessionist forces in Croatia and Serbo-Croatian volunteers including the notorious "Arkan's Tigers".

DETENTION CAMPS: Thousands of Croats and other non-Serbs were arrested and detained in detention camps where conditions were described as "inadequate, characterised by starvation, forced labour, inadequate medical care."

There was "constant physical and psychological assault including mock executions, torture, beatings and sexual assault."

© 2011 AFP

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