The ICC charges against Senussi

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Libya's former intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi is wanted by the International Criminal Court for what it alleges was his "crucial" role in crushing the country's popular revolt.

The ICC issued warrants on June 27 against Senussi, along with late Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi and his son Seif al-Islam, whose capture was announced by the new leaders of Libya on Saturday.

It accused all three of crimes against humanity over the violent repression of anti-regime protests in the north African state.

In particular, it accused Senussi, 62, of being an "indirect perpetrator of crimes against humanity of murder and persecution based on political grounds" committed in Benghazi from February 15 until at least February 20 this year.

"(Senussi), once instructed by Moamer Kadhafi to implement the plan of deterring and quelling civilian demonstrations against the regime in Benghazi... directly instructed the troops to attack civilians demonstrating in the city."

Senussi, who is also Kadhafi's brother-in-law, was the national head of military intelligence, which the ICC described as "one of the most powerful and efficient organs of repression of Moamer Kadhafi's regime".

It said that under Senussi's command its agents "were deployed in the city of Benghazi in order to suppress civilian demonstrations".

Senussi was "in a position to trigger the actions of the armed forces and ensure compliance with such orders, and therefore, the commission of crimes by any replaceable direct perpetrator".

According to ICC chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the revolt in Libya has claimed thousands of lives.

Senussi is also wanted by Paris, where he was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for the 1989 bombing of a French UTA airliner that claimed 170 lives.

© 2011 AFP

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