Bavaria refuses to exratdite Nazi to Netherlands

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Bavaria has refused to extradite a convicted Nazi war criminal back to the Netherlands, from where he broke out of jail in 1952, Germany's justice ministry said Wednesday.

The ruling comes nearly six months after Dutch prosecutors issued a European arrest warrant for Klaas Carel Faber, 89, third on the Simon Wiesenthal Center's list of wanted Nazis, who is living freely in the Bavarian city of Ingolstadt.

A federal justice ministry spokeswoman said the case had been carefully re-examined, but was now definitively buried with Wednesday's decision.

Faber, a member of a Nazi SS unit, was sentenced to death by a Dutch court in 1947 for murdering 22 Jews in the occupied Netherlands during World War II although this was later commuted to life imprisonment.

He escaped from Breda prison in the western Netherlands in 1952 with six other former SS men and fled to Germany, eventually settling in Ingolstadt in Bavaria where he worked for automaker Audi.

Faber's unit killed Dutch civilians deemed "anti-German" in reprisal for resistance attacks.

He worked from 1943 to 1944 at Westerbork transit camp, where Dutch schoolgirl Anne Frank, whose diary became world-famous, was held before being sent to her death at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Germany recognises the German citizenship Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler gave to all those serving in the SS, and does not extradite its own citizens.

Three previous attempts to bring Faber to justice failed, but German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, amid pressure from Israel, had pressed Bavaria, which has jurisdiction on the case, "to look for alternative solutions."

This could include putting Faber in prison in Germany, the minister told the Sueddeutsche Zeitung daily in November.

But the justice ministry in the southern state played down the chances of this latest attempt, following others in 1954, 1957 and 2004, being successful.

"In 2004 there was a Dutch attempt for him to serve his sentence in Germany, which was rejected on the basis of a 1957 court decision dismissing the case for lack of evidence," spokesman Stefan Heilmann told AFP.

"In order to re-visit this decision, the Netherlands would have to present new and significant evidence."

© 2011 AFP

1 Comment To This Article

  • Carel Frank posted:

    on 12th May 2011, 12:47:39 - Reply

    This is a disgrace as one of 93 children that survived out of 15,000 one wonders whats going on- this man was a murderer and probably Dutch born ,hence committed treason.The Dutch government should be much more aggressive in its reaction.The history of this case seems to have gone back many many years.Recent books written by the younger generation with access to the archives seem to indicate a very weak action by the Dutch Governments in the 1945 to about 1980