German medical terms

German dictionary: Medical terms in German

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Feeling a little under the weather? Here's our guide to the most useful German medical terms to help you when you visit the doctor in Germany.

A German–English medical dictionary comes in handy for foreigners seeking German healthcare services.

Going to a German hospital or doctor can be daunting tasks when your German isn't up to scratch. Many doctors in Germany have an excellent knowledge of basic medical vocabulary in English but some help from the patient can greatly speed up the diagnosis.

You might also observe the almost obligatory 'guten tag' (good morning) as you enter the waiting room. No particular response is to be expected but it is a respectful local German custom.

In this guide, Expat health insurer Bupa Global provides a complete German-English medical dictionary to help you explain your situation to a German doctor or specialist, including an extensive list of body parts in German.

Below you will find a list of key medical terms in German which may be useful when you visit the doctor or hospital in Germany:

German medical terms

German medical terms

  • Antibiotics: Antibiotika
  • Ambulance: der Krankenwagen
  • Backache: die Rueckenschmerzen
  • Blood test: Eine Blutprobe
  • Blister, bladder: die Blase
  • Blood pressure: der Blutdruck
  • Bone: der Knocken
  • Breath: der Atem, (to breathe) atmen
  • Broken: Gebrochen
  • Cancer: Krebs
  • Chickenpox: die Windpocken
  • Concussion: die Gehirnerschuetterung
  • Constipation: die Verstopfung
  • Contagious: Ansteckend
  • Cough: der Husten
  • Cold (in the head): der Schnupfen
  • Contraceptive: das Verhuetungsmittel
  • Diabetic: der/ die Diabetiker(in)
  • Depression: die Depression
  • Diarrhoea: der Durchfall
  • Dizzy: Schwindlig
  • Doctor: Arzt / Ärztin / Doktor
  • Faint: Schwach
  • Fever: das Fieber
  • Headaches: die Kopfschmerzen
  • To become infected: sich entzuenden
  • Infection: Infektion
  • Inflamed: Entzuendet
  • Inflammation: Entzündung
  • Injured: Verletzt
  • Insulin: das Insulin
  • Insurance(s): Versicherung(en)
  • In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF): In Vitro Fertilization
  • Joint: das Gelenk
  • Migraine: die Migrane
  • Muscle: der Muskel
  • Muscle pains: die Muskelschmerzen
  • Nauseous: Uebel
  • Nurse: die Krankenschwester
  • Pain: der Schmerz / Schmerzen
  • Pregnant: Schwanger
  • Prescription: das Rezept
  • Rash: Hautausschlag
  • Sick/unwell: Krank / unwohl
  • Unconscious: Bewusstlos
  • Vomit: das Erbrechen
  • Weak: Schwach 

Useful medical expressions in German

  • To have a heart condition: Ein herzleiden haben
  • To have a fall: hinfallen
  • Are you allergic to anything?: Sind sie gegen irgendetwas allergisch?
  • Where does it hurt?: Wo tut es weh?
  • Cough, please: Husten sie bitte
  • Open your mouth: Machen sie den mund auf
  • I'm feeling really unwell: Ich fuehle mich echt mies
  • To have heartburn: Sodbrennen haben
  • To suffer from insomnia: Unter schlafloesigkeit leiden
  • I feel dizzy: Mir ist schwindlig
  • I am going to prescribe: Ich verschreibe ihnen.......

Body parts in German – German body parts

German body parts: Where does it hurt?

  • Bladder: Blase
  • Bone: Knochen
  • Blood: Blut
  • Breast: Brust or busen (boobs)
  • Chest/breast: Brust
  • Ear(s): Ohr(en)
  • Eye(s): Auge(n)
  • Gums: Zahnfleisch
  • Head (ache): der Kopf (schmerzen)
  • Heart (attack): Herz (infarkt / anfall)
  • Kidney(s): Niere(n)
  • Liver: Leber
  • Lung(s): Lunge(n)
  • Mouth: Mund (Münder)
  • Penis: Penis
  • Tonsils: Mandeln
  • Tooth (teeth): Zahn (Zähne)
  • Vagina: Vagina

Main parts of the body

  • Back: der Ruecken
  • Body: der Korper
  • Torso: der Rumpf
  • Leg: das Bein
  • Foot: der Fuss
  • Arm(s): der Arm(e)
  • Elbow: der Ellbogen
  • Hand: die Hand
  • Head: der Kopf
  • Neck: der Hals
  • Bottom: der Hintern
  • Skin: die Haut
  • Stomach: der Magen

Head and face

  • Face: das Gesicht
  • Chin: das Kinn
  • Mouth: der Mund
  • Lip: der Lippe
  • Tooth: der Zahn
  • Tongue: die Zunge
  • Nose: die Nase
  • Cheek: die Wange
  • Eye: das Auge
  • Eyebrow: das Augebraue
  • Eyelash: die Wimper
  • Ear: das Ohr
  • Hair: das Haar

German English medical dictionary

Parts of the torso

  • Shoulder: die Schulter
  • Chest: die Brust
  • Abdomen/belly: der Bauch
  • Navel/bellybutton: der Bauchnabel
  • Hip: die Hufte
  • Vagina: die Scheide
  • Penis: das Glied
  • Anus: der After

Parts of the arm

  • Finger: der Finger
  • Armpit: die Achsel
  • Nail: der Nagel

Parts of the leg

  • Knee: das Knie
  • Toe: der Zeh


  • Blood: das Blut
  • Small intestine: der Dunndarm
  • Large intestine: der Dickdarm
  • Brain: das Gehirn
  • Skin: der Haut
  • Heart: das Herz
  • Liver: die Leber
  • Lung: die Lunge
  • Spleen: die Milz
  • Muscle: der Muskel
  • Kidney: die Niere
  • Skeleton: das Skelet

Germany has one of the best healthcare systems in Europe and expats living and working in the country are eligible to access subsidised German healthcare services. However, you will first need to sign up for German health insurance. For information about private health insurance click here.

Click to the top of this German dictionary: Medical terms in German.


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2 Comments To This Article

  • HHDiestel posted:

    on 5th January 2012, 00:29:08 - Reply

    Sorry, folks, me again:
    Shouldn't Schnupfen be "cold (in the head)" instead of "old"?
    Typical German one-up-man-ship? Right, so Wembly is not forgotten.
  • Hans-Hermann Diestel posted:

    on 5th January 2012, 00:21:37 - Reply

    Once a teacher, always a teacher / Beckmesser:
    Bones are Kno ch en in German, though certainly helpful in kno ck ing s.o. down.