South Africa facts

South Africa facts: Military and transnational issues

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This guide on South African country facts examines South Africa's fascinating military and transnational issues.

Military branches:
 
South African National Defense Force (SANDF): South African Army, South African Navy (SAN), South African Air Force (SAAF), Joint Operations Command, Military Intelligence, South African Military Health Services (2009)
    
Military service age and obligation:
 
18 years of age for voluntary military service; women are eligible to serve in noncombat roles; 2-year service obligation (2007)
    
Manpower available for military service:
 
males age 16-49: 13,508,255
females age 16-49: 12,541,371 (2010 est.)
    
Manpower fit for military service:
 
males age 16-49: 7,676,331
females age 16-49: 6,521,338 (2010 est.)
    
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
 
male: 492,743
female: 496,374 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

1.7 percent of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 92
    
Military - note:
 
with the end of apartheid and the establishment of majority rule, former military, black homelands forces, and ex-opposition forces were integrated into the South African National Defense Force (SANDF); as of 2003 the integration process was considered complete.

PHOTO WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
South African Denel AH-2 Rooivalk attack helicopter

   
Transnational Issues: South Africa

Disputes - international:
 
South Africa has placed military along the border to apprehend the thousands of Zimbabweans fleeing economic dysfunction and political persecution; as of January 2007, South Africa also supports large numbers of refugees and asylum seekers from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (33,000), Somalia (20,000), Burundi (6,500), and other states in Africa (26,000); managed dispute with Namibia over the location of the boundary in the Orange River; in 2006, Swazi king advocates resort to ICJ to claim parts of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal from South Africa
    
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
 
refugees (country of origin): 10,772 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 7,818 (Somalia); 5,759 (Angola) (2007)
    
Illicit drugs:
 
transshipment center for heroin, hashish, and cocaine, as well as a major cultivator of marijuana in its own right; cocaine and heroin consumption on the rise; world's largest market for illicit methaqualone, usually imported illegally from India through various east African countries, but increasingly producing its own synthetic drugs for domestic consumption; attractive venue for money launderers given the increasing level of organized criminal and narcotics activity in the region and the size of the South African economy



CIA Factbook / Expatica

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