Driving in South Africa: South Africa's driving regulations and road rules
Who has right of way when driving in South Africa? What rules apply at four-way stops? This guide explains South Africa's driving regulations, South African road signs and South African road rules.
To drive in South Africa, you’ll need to be at least 18 years old even if you hold a licence in your home country, although you can drive a motorcycle (125cc) at the age of 17. With high vehicle crime rates and erratic driving, driving in South Africa can appear difficult at first, but being aware of South African road rules can take some stress out of the process. All sign posts are typically in English.
This guide explains everything you need to know about driving in South Africa, including South African road signs, driving regulations in South African, plus buying a car in South Africa.
Who can drive in South Africa?
Foreign citizens in South Africa are allowed to drive as long as they have a valid licence from their own country of residence and it’s translated in to one of the official South African languages. If you don’t have a licence, you’ll need to sit both a written and a practical driving test at a registered testing centre.
You need to renew your driver's licence in South Africa every year, or you could face significant penalties. If your licence expires and you haven’t renewed it, you’ll be given a 21-day grace period from the day your tax disc expires.
You can get hold of an application form (MVL1) from your local authority or at some post offices, and you’ll usually need to enclose proof of your ID and address when applying. Visit the South African government's website for information on renewing your South African driving licence.
For more information about exchanging your foreign licence for a South African one, read our guide to getting a South African driving licence.
South African road signs
South Africa travel distances and speed limits are displayed in kilometres on road signs. You can access examples of some of the road signs you’ll see in South Africa on the Arrive Alive website. These examples are provided in chart format by the South African Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC).
Large antelope crossings can also be a hazard in some areas; it's important to slow down when you see a road sign depicting a leaping antelope, particularly if driving around dusk and evenings.
South Africa's driving regulations
Driving regulations in South Africa
Here are some important traffic laws and driving regulations in South Africa to keep in mind as a new driver in the country:
- South Africans drive on the left side of the road.
- Traffic lights in South Africa are known as 'robots'.
- Traffic coming from the right-hand side gets priority at roundabouts.
- You’ll need to be extra careful at intersections, as four way stops are quite common and some operate a first-come, first-served system.
- Drivers and passengers must wear a seatbelt at all times.
- Photographic ID and your driving licence should be carried at all times. If your driver's licence doesn’t have a photograph, then you'll need your passport for photographic identification.
- When turning right at traffic lights you must give priority to oncoming traffic, even if the light is green.
- The use of hand held cell phones while you are driving is not permitted on South African roads.
- You are required by law to carry your Drivers Licence when driving, and it is also advised to acquire an International Driver Permit also.
- At traffic lights if you are turning left and the light is green without any other indication, you can proceed.
- Amber traffic lights mean slow down and stop.
General speed limits in South Africa
The speed limits in South Africa vary depending on which roads you are driving. They are generally as follows:
- National highways and main roads: 120 km/h
- Rural roads: 100km/h
- Urban locations: 60 km/h
In some cases, tighter speed restrictions operate in major cities, so you should take care to follow these regulations on a case-by-case basis.
If you’re caught speeding, you’ll usually be sent a fixed charge notice in the post, which you can either pay in full or dispute. If you want to see a photo of your violation, you can attend the police station specified on the charge to do so. If you want to dispute the charge in court, you’ll need to express this wish in writing. The Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC) in South Africa provides more information regarding speed violations.
South African road rules for drunk driving
South Africa is strict with its drink driving laws. The maximum alcohol level allowed in a blood sample is 0.05 percent per 100ml – the equivalent of one glass of wine – while the legal breath alcohol limit is less than 0.24mg/1,000ml.
If you are caught drunk driving, you could face up to six years in jail and could also be liable to pay up to ZAR 120,000 in fines. You driver's licence could also be suspended.
South African road rules and tips
With vehicle crime in South Africa being common, there are some tips you can follow to minimise your chances of falling victim.
- Drive with your windows wound up, especially when you’re stopping at traffic lights.
- Organise your trip in advance so you don't need to make any off-road stops, including checking all vehicle indicators that your car is in good working order.
- If you need to ask directions, it is recommended to stop and ask at a petrol station.
- Always drive with your doors locked.
- Never pick up hitchhikers.
- Don’t leave any of your valuables on show when you leave your car.
- Always lock your car when it’s unattended.
- If you can, park in a busy area or in a multi-storey car park rather than on the street.
- Be wary of thieves placing things in the road to cause vehicles to stop.
- Research a new area before driving there and ensure you avoid any dangerous areas, particularly at night.
There are many fatal accidents on highways, where overtaking can occur in any lane including the hard shoulder. On single-lane roads trucks and slower vehicles sometimes use the hard shoulder to allow cars to overtake.
South African road standards are generally good quality, although roads in remote areas may be less maintained and have potholes. It's also advised to avoid unfamiliar rural areas at night and park in well-lit areas. Additionally, roads in rural areas are not always fenced, meaning pets, chickens, sheep, or sometimes horses and cows, may cross the road. Current information on road condition can be obtained from the Automobile Association of South Africa (AA).
Gas stations usually have attendants, who can also provide a range of check-up services; paying a tip is at your discretion. Besides leaded and unleaded petrol, there is also ‘dual fuel’, which can be used in place of either. Petroal prices are fixed by the government, and typically paid in cash.
Taxes for driving in South Africa
Many of South Africa’s major roads charge a toll fee. These fees vary significantly, so you should some carry cash with you and ideally check how much you’ll need to pay before you travel.
Tolls can carry fees of up to ZAR 200 (USD 15) in some cases. In some provinces, such as Gauteng, you can have an electronic device fitted, so your car will be identified when it passes through a toll and the fee will be deducted from your account.
Parking in South Africa
To avoid expensive on-street car parking charges, there are numerous private and multi-storey car parking available. These types of car parks will be more secure, too, with round-the-clock security and barrier entry. If you do park on the street, many roads in major cities will have coin meters. Most will have a timer system, but some will be pay and display.
When parking your car on the street in some areas, you may encounter ‘car guards’, who will offer to watch your car. Some will be official and others will be opportunists, so use your common sense over whether you should pay them. When parking on the street, you’ll need to make sure you’re inside a designated bay, and that you’re facing in the right direction as it’s illegal to park against direction of incoming traffic.
Car hire in South Africa
When collecting a hire car, you’ll need to show your driving licence, passport and credit card. Renting a car in South Africa can be relatively inexpensive, with rental companies in operation in major cities and at airports. Both internationally recognised and local hire companies are available. When renting a car, it’s advisable to consider comprehensive insurance as many drivers in South Africa fail to adequately insure their vehicles.
Buying a car in South Africa
Buying a car in South Africa can be a slow process, as there’s extra paperwork involved for foreign buyers. Your resident’s visa or work permit will be the most important thing you’ll need before buying a car, in order to arrange South African car registration.
Driving a foreign car in South Africa
If you want to register a foreign vehicle in South Africa, you’ll need to produce your foreign ID details so you can create a record on eNatis (the National Transport Information System).
To register your vehicle, you’ll need to submit the following:
- Two black and white ID photos
- A certified copy of your passport
- Proof of address
- A fee, if required
Once you’ve submitted your documents, it can take up to six weeks to process your application, depending on your city or municipality.
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