The Future of International Migration to OECD Countries
Countries across the world are experiencing increased levels of incoming and outgoing migration. This new OECD report looks into what this means for the future of OECD countries.
On average about 3.3 million migrants move to the OECD (Organisations for Economic Co-operation and Development) area every year. Will this trend continue in the years ahead? The question is difficult to answer precisely, because the factors shaping international migration flows are tremendously complex and hard to predict, as are changes in the migration policies of receiving countries. Yet clearly decision makers in government, business and society at large would be better equipped to address the opportunities and risks if they had a better understanding of the developments likely to influence global migration over the longer term.
This book explores the social, economic and environmental forces that may combine to attract migrants of various types and backgrounds to OECD countries, as well as those that may persuade migrants to leave their countries or to stay at home. By analysing different pull and push factors and constructing five different scenarios of migration in the future, this volume endeavours to cast light on a range of key questions. Which factors will be major determinants of global migration flows? Which OECD countries will look particularly attractive for migrants? Outside the OECD area, where will the pressures to migrate be especially strong? And what kind of migration-related issues will policy makers likely be facing as a result, as 2030 approaches?