'Stark choice' in UK election, Cameron warns as campaign begins
British Prime Minister David Cameron warned voters they faced a "stark choice" in May's tight election as he kicked off campaigning Monday after a ceremonial visit to Queen Elizabeth II.
Cameron spent 25 minutes with the 88-year-old head of state in Buckingham Palace formalising the dissolution of parliament before a May 7 election expected to be Britain's closest in decades as his Conservatives battle Ed Miliband's opposition Labour party.
The short, chauffeur-driven journey from 10 Downing Street up The Mall to Buckingham Palace was once a constitutional necessity for British premiers but is now a mere courtesy call following the introduction of fixed-term parliaments in 2011.
Cameron, who remains prime minister for the duration of the election campaign, then addressed voters back at Downing Street.
"In 38 days' time you face a stark choice. The next prime minister walking through that door will be me or Ed Miliband," he said.
"After five years of effort and sacrifice, Britain is on the right track. This election is about moving forward and as prime minister here at Number 10, that is what I will deliver."
Cameron and other party leaders then headed off for campaign visits on the "battle buses" in which they will spend much of the coming weeks criss-crossing the country meeting voters.
- No outright majority -
Opinion polls suggest that neither the centre-right Conservatives nor centre-left Labour will win an outright majority in the 650-seat House of Commons.
Instead, one of them could have to team up with a smaller party such as the Liberal Democrats or, for Labour, the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) on a formal or informal basis to govern.
The Conservatives have been senior partners in a coalition government with the centrist Liberal Democrats since 2010 but are battling to win enough seats in the House of Commons to govern alone this time.
The party once led by Margaret Thatcher is focusing its campaign on the economy. Britain has emerged from recession and into growth under the coalition but has also faced deep austerity cuts to government spending in areas like welfare.
Labour has vowed to do more to help struggling middle and lower income voters while promising to do more to protect the state-run National Health Service (NHS), which provides mostly free, across the board healthcare.
- Small parties, big role -
The party on Monday unveiled its manifesto for business in which it again committed itself to membership of the European Union.
Cameron, by contrast, has promised to hold an in-out referendum on EU membership by 2017 if the Conservatives win on May 7.
"Our long-term future lies inside, not outside, the European Union," Miliband told an audience in the City of London financial district.
Labour also took out a full-page advertisement in Monday's Financial Times newspaper quoting six business leaders on the importance of Britain staying in Europe.
But that sparked controversy after one of those quoted, Siemens UK chief executive Juergen Maier, indicated he was uncomfortable with his words being used in a party political context.
The German multinational engineering firm said in a statement it had "profound concerns about a possible UK exit from the EU" but added: "We do not, however, endorse any political party."
As the Conservatives and Labour fight for victory, Britain's smaller political parties are set to play a key role in deciding who can form a government after the election as the main rivals struggle for a majority.
Nick Clegg, Cameron's deputy prime minister and leader of the Liberal Democrats, laid out his party's claim to be a centrist makeweight for one of the two main parties, saying: "About the very last thing that the country now needs is a lurch to the left or right."
The Liberal Democrats currently have 57 MPs but have seen their popularity ratings fall by over two-thirds in government and are expected to lose around half of those seats.
By contrast, the SNP led by Nicola Sturgeon is set to make major gains in Scotland and has signalled that it would be open to governing alongside Labour.
© 2015 AFP