Oil price jumps, with all eyes on Fed, US elections
Oil rallied on Tuesday, as the dollar sank before a crucial monetary policy meeting and mid-term election results in the United States, and after supportive comments from OPEC kingpin Saudi Arabia.
Brent North Sea crude for delivery in December delivery jumped 82 cents to 85.44 dollars a barrel in London trade.
New York's main contract, light sweet crude for December, leapt 1.04 dollars to 83.99 dollars.
"All eyes are on the FOMC meeting tomorrow and the results of the US mid-term elections," said Sucden analyst Myrto Sokou.
"Crude oil prices have surged ... supported by a weaker US dollar and following comments from the Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Nuaimi.
"It is more the US dollar weakness that helped the oil prices to retest the 84-dollar per barrel area."
The European single currency powered ahead against the dollar in nervous trading on Tuesday, with investors preoccupied by a Federal Reserve meeting that could yield fresh stimulus moves to shore up the flagging US recovery.
The bank's Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) begins a two-day meeting on Tuesday and is widely forecast to unveil more so-called quantative easing (QE) measures.
The move, dubbed QE2, has weighed on the greenback in recent weeks and months because the policy is expected to dilute the value of the dollar.
Since June, the euro has risen by more than 15 percent in value against the dollar. A weaker US unit tends to boost dollar-priced oil, which becomes cheaper for buyers that use stronger currencies.
"As the US Federal reserve stands by to announce its next round of Quantitative Easing, this is only likely to push the dollar lower," said analyst Ian Parrett at British consultancy Inenco.
"With dollar-based oil prices, the falling value of the currency means that producing nations need to see the price per barrel rising just so they can stand still in terms of revenue."
Meanwhile, the oil market continued to draw strength from al-Nuaimi, who said on Monday that current oil price levels at above 80 dollars a barrel were within a "very comfortable zone."
Saudi Arabia is the leading producer and exporter within the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which pumps 40 percent of the world's oil.
Oil was also lifted this week by upbeat industrial data from the US and China, the world's major energy consumers, analysts said.
Elsewhere, traders digested news that suspected Al-Qaeda militants sabotaged an oil pipeline in the southern Yemen province of Shabwa on Tuesday, a security official said, days after US-bound parcel bombs were traced to Yemen.
© 2010 AFP