Obama calls on allies to defeat Islamic State
US President Barack Obama on Friday outlined plans for a broad international coalition to defeat Islamic State extremists in Iraq and Syria, but European allies gave a cautious reaction.
Speaking at a NATO summit, Obama said the United States would also try to involve Middle Eastern allies in a strategy to counter the jihadists, who have overrun large swathes of territory.
"It's not going to happen overnight but we are steadily moving in the right direction and we're going to achieve our goal," Obama said.
The president said regional involvement was "absolutely critical" -- although the State Department said Washington had "no plans" for any military coordination with Iran in the fight.
"We're going to degrade and ultimately defeat ISIL," Obama added, using the previous name of the Islamic State, which has claimed responsibility for videos showing the beheading of two US journalists.
The executions appear to be carried out by the same British English-accented militant, who also threatened to kill a British hostage unless US air strikes in the regions were halted.
In a further reminder of the brutality in Iraq, Iraqi Kurdish forces and Shiite militias on Friday discovered mass graves containing 35 bodies after retaking the town of Sulaiman Bek from jihadists.
Iraqi forces, militiamen and Kurdish fighters broke a months-long jihadist siege of the town of Amerli on Sunday and retook Sulaiman Bek the following day, in the first major successes for the federal government since the crisis began.
- IS 'a significant threat' -
Obama said he was "confident" a coalition was being formed, with US officials saying the plan was to have a strategy in place by the start of the United Nations general assembly later this month.
Obama said there was "unanimity" among NATO members that the group "poses a significant threat", although many cautioned that any action hinged on the formation of a new Iraqi government.
Kerry on Friday co-chaired with Britain a meeting of ministers from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and Turkey in a bid to win support for the fight against IS.
The US has conducted more than 100 air strikes in northern Iraq in recent weeks, allowing Kurdish and Iraqi forces to regain lost ground.
Other countries have provided humanitarian assistance and intelligence, while Germany and France are providing military equipment to Kurdish fighters battling IS in northern Iraq.
Kerry stressed Friday that there would be "no boots on the ground" in the US strategy against IS, but added that "there are many ways in which we can train, advise, assist, and equip".
He urged allies to consider how they could contribute so the US could have a plan at the UN General Assembly meeting later this month.
European allies, while supportive of the US initiative, were more cautious.
- Europe cautious -
Britain has left the door open to air strikes in Iraq, but Prime Minister David Cameron played down the prospect of any immediate action.
"This will take time, patience and resolve," he told reporters at the end of the summit.
"We will proceed carefully and methodically, drawing together the partners we need, above all in the region, to implement a comprehensive plan."
Cameron said NATO leaders were "united in condemnation of these barbaric and despicable acts".
President Francois Hollande said France was ready to join a coalition against IS militants in Iraq, but warned it would not commit to actions in Syria that might aid President Bashar al-Assad in the country's civil war.
German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier stressed the effort was at an early stage.
"We are at the beginning in dealing with a group which nobody has a strategy to deal with in the long run," he told reporters.
NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said the military alliance was willing to help if there was a request from Baghdad, likely providing training and coordination with other countries' efforts against IS.
Rasmussen said he "warmly welcomed" efforts by the US and its allies, adding: "I think the international community has an obligation to do all it can to stop this dangerous terrorist organisation."
He said NATO nations had also agreed to exchange more information on foreign fighters returning from Iraq and Syria to Europe and the United States, due to fears they will carry out attacks on home soil.
© 2014 AFP