Europe's airwaves reopen for business
Swarms of stranded passengers scrambled Wednesday to hitch a flight home after Europe's air embargo ended in a dramatic game of brinkmanship in the skies over the continent's busiest airport.
Nearly a week after the eruption of a volcano in Iceland triggered the worst disruption to aviation since World War II, airlines struggled to resume normal schedules but warned that many passengers would see their agony prolonged.
After authorities in Britain finally reopened the whole of its airspace on Tuesday night, all of Europe's main air hubs were up and running once more with Germany announcing all of its airspace would reopen at 0900 GMT.
Even Nordic countries such as Norway and Denmark allowed their airspace to open to jets once more amid a backlash from within the aviation industry over blanket bans originally imposed by governments.
Iceland's civil protection agency said the Eyjafjjoell volcano had lost nearly 80 percent of its intensity since its weekend peak.
"The last information we have is that eruption has about 20 percent of the power it had Saturday," spokeswoman Ingveldur Thordardottir told AFP.
"The plume was under three kilometres and I would say it could be even lower," she said, adding that a coastguard plane would take off during the morning to overfly the eruption zone, currently hidden by the clouds.
The winds, currently blowing the smoke towards the southeast and Europe, should change direction during the day to blow towards the southwest and the Atlantic Ocean, she said.
Millions of passengers had their travel plans affected since governments closed their airspace last Thursday and IATA, the body representing the global airline industry, put the overall cost of the crisis at 1.7 billion dollars.
Flights were finally cleared for landing at London's Heathrow airport at 10:00 pm (2100 GMT) after British Airways flew dozens of its long-haul planes back to Britain even before the government had lifted the no-fly zone.
Some were initially turned away and forced to land at other airports but there were scenes of jubiliation on other planes when their pilots announced that they had been cleared to land at Heathrow, Europe's busiest airport.
British Airways chief executive Willie Walsh had branded the ban on flights as unnecessary, with the disruption heaping further misery on an airline that has already taken a major hit from recent industrial action.
British newspapers said that Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Labour government, facing an election next month, had been "bounced" into a climbdown.
British Airways said they were hoping to operate all longhaul flights from Heathrow and Gatwick as normal Wednesday but warned of shorthaul cancellations to and from London airports up to 1200 GMT.
Virgin Atlantic also planned to run its normal schedule, while warning that a small number of flights may be delayed as aircraft and crews are deployed to the right places.
Budget shorthaul operator easyJet intended to resume some services, but said it would take several days to resume normal operations and delays were likely.
Frances Tuke, a spokeswoman for the British travel organisation Abta, warned passengers against getting their hopes up as many aircraft and crew "are going to be in the wrong place".
"I know for example that some of our tour operators have decided to cancel their programmes going out of the UK in order that they can try to reposition their aircraft and crew," she said. "It's a huge logistical operation."
Emirates said it was trying to operate as many flights as possible but warned on its website that "the situation across Europe remains unpredictable and passengers are asked to be patient".
There was light at the end of the tunnels for tens of thousands of Europeans who have been stuck in Asia with airlines such Air China announcing that all its Europe flights would be departing.
Hong Kong airline Cathay Pacific said it would run flights to London, Paris, Amsterdam and Frankfurt in Germany.
Wolfgang Mayrhuber, the head of German flag carrier Lufthansa, said the firm expected to operate around 500 flights, a third of its normal service.
The carrier has been given special permission on Tuesday to operate flights by German authorities.
Like BA's Walsh, Mayrhuber had been hugely critical of the ban, denying the ash clouds constituted a danger.
Amid the arguments, UN officials announced scientits, government officials and airline industry representatives would meet soon to learn lessons.
"There are no standards at the moment on the concentration of ash that could affect" airplane engines, Roberto Kobeh Gonzalez, the head of the UN International Civil Aviation Organization, told reporters when asked if it was safe to fly with the volcano still actively expelling ash.
"We cannot invent the standards. This is something we have to work with the industry."
© 2010 AFP