British hearings probe security services over 2005 bombings
Britain will open long-awaited inquests into the deaths of 52 people in the 2005 London bombings on Monday, which will probe alleged failings by police and intelligence services before the attacks.
The inquests, to be presided over by a judge, were delayed pending the trials of the alleged conspirators of the four suicide bombers, who blew themselves up on three London Underground trains and a bus on July 7, 2005.
The British government has ruled out holding a full independent inquiry into the attacks but the inquests will be able to look into whether police and the domestic intelligence service MI5 could have done more to prevent them.
Survivors and bereaved relatives have said they want to ask why security officials did not act to stop homegrown bombers Mohammad Sidique Khan and Shehzad Tanweer despite having monitored them previously.
"I want the inquests to look at whether any mistakes were made or flawed systems were in place," said Ros Morley, whose husband Colin, 52, died in one of the Underground bombings.
"Innocent citizens in the UK and worldwide need to know that they are protected now and in the future."
The inquests at the Royal Courts of Justice in central London are due to last at least five months and will hear from some survivors and see some previously unseen footage of the aftermath of the attacks.
New details have already emerged in documents submitted ahead of the inquests, including that police discovered they had held the fingerprints of Khan, the ringleader, on file from as far back as 1986, when he was 11.
The documents also revealed that 17 of the people killed in the blasts did not die instantly, with at least one victim having survived for up to 40 minutes after one of the attacks.
MI5 has sought to block much of the questioning on the grounds that it would require the disclosure of secret files that would threaten national security.
In May, the coroner, Judge Heather Hallett, said the "scope of the inquest into the 52 deaths will include the alleged intelligence failings and the immediate aftermath of the bombings".
"To my mind it is not too remote to investigate what was known in the year or two before the alleged bombings. Plots of this kind are not developed overnight," she added.
The legal battle over whether the confidential information should be aired at the inquests is not expected to begin in full until next year, with the early part of the hearings set to be largely procedural.
Inquests into the deaths of the four bombers -- Khan, 30, Tanweer, 22, Hasib Hussain, 18, and Jermaine Lindsay, 19 -- will be held separately at the families' request.
Three people were put on trial accused of helping the bombers choose their targets, but they were cleared of this charge. However, two were convicted of conspiracy to attend terrorist training camps.
The four near-simultaneous attacks -- known in Britain as 7/7 -- unleashed a wave of unease in Britain about the threat of homegrown extremism, especially when it emerged that some of the bombers had visited Islamists in Pakistan.
The bombers struck during rush hour as then-premier Tony Blair was meeting with Group of Eight (G8) counterparts in Scotland, and the day after London was chosen as the host for the 2012 Olympic Games.
Two weeks later there was an apparent attempt at a copycat attack, but the devices failed to go off. In the rush to find the plotters police mistakenly shot and killed an innocent Brazilian man, Jean Charles De Menezes.
Last month, the United States and European nations warned of a possible new Al-Qaeda plot attack on multiple targets in Europe.
© 2010 AFP