Brazil eyes climate talks compromise on Kyoto
Brazil on Friday predicted a compromise at UN-led climate talks in Mexico on the key stumbling block of the future of the Kyoto Protocol, saying Japan and Russia would accept new language.
Under a compromise formula, the Cancun conference would urge continued talks on a second round of the Kyoto Protocol, although it would not commit countries to make new pledges on curbing carbon emissions under the treaty for now.
Japan and Russia "accept this language, while before they didn't accept it," Brazilian negotiator Luiz Alberto Figueiredo said.
"This is positive language which clearly states a second period of commitments" under the Kyoto Protocol, said Figueiredo, a supporter of the treaty.
Britain's climate change secretary also suggested Japan and Russia could accept the protocol.
"I think we've made good technical progress in terms of finding potential solutions on the Japan, Russia versus second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol issue," Chris Huhne told journalists.
The Kyoto Protocol requires wealthy nations to cut carbon emissions and the greenhouse gases blamed for climate warming through the end of 2012. With a new treaty increasingly unlikely to be ready, the European Union has led calls to extend Kyoto.
Japan has adamantly rejected such calls, saying the treaty negotiated in its ancient capital is unfair by making no demands of top emitters China and the United States.
Russia, a major fossil fuel exporter, has stated plainly that it would not make new pledges under Kyoto, while Canada is also unenthusiastic about a new round.
Figueiredo said the Cancun talks would also compile promises by major emitters including the United States to cut emissions which they presented at last year's Copenhagen summit.
Copenhagen ended in an accord which major countries supported, but it was not formally approved by UN climate talks.
Huhne on Friday underlined the urgency to demonstrate progress in Cancun.
"I think there is a real danger if we don't get a successful outcome this becomes a zombie process," he said.
© 2010 AFP