Ukraine creates de facto border around separatist zone
Ukraine on Thursday announced passport controls around areas held by pro-Russian separatists in the latest step toward what resembles the breakup of the ex-Soviet republic, as heavy artillery fire erupted in Donetsk.
Ukraine's border guards service said anyone crossing in or out of rebel areas will have to present a passport.
Foreigners will "be sent to filtration points to determine the purpose of their visit" and will have "to show a passport or the required visa," a statement said.
The rule was explained as a security measure to seal off the separatist region in the east, where artillery fire violated a tattered ceasefire deal on multiple occasions early Thursday.
However, the passport regime will create a de facto internal border, underscoring the Russian-backed guerrillas' success in carving out two self-declared statelets centred on Donetsk and Lugansk.
Already, Ukraine has lost control of its real border with Russia, which is in the hands of separatist guerrillas and Russian troops.
In another sign that Ukraine's government has given up regaining control of the east anytime soon, Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk said Wednesday that subsidies and social payments, including pensions, would be halted to rebel-controled areas.
- Deadly shelling -The developments in Kiev came against a background of almost constant ceasefire violations, raising fears of a total breakdown in a peace plan signed in September.
Almost non-stop artillery fire rained down around the outskirts of Donetsk, where a shell killed two teenagers late Wednesday while they were playing football.
Russia's investigative committee said it had opened a criminal case against Ukrainian forces over the incident, while Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said a case had been opened against the separatists.
Given the frequent exchanges of artillery fire in the neighbourhood, near the ruins of Donetsk's former international airport, it was not possible to verify independently which side was responsible, AFP correspondents said.
Lysenko said that in the latest shelling across the conflict zone nine Ukrainian servicemen had been wounded.
The separatists rarely release casualty figures.
He also repeated accusations that "Russian units and mercenaries" continued to cross into Ukraine.
Russian denies directly aiding the rebels, although Russia soldiers and equipment have been frequently spotted by journalists in the conflict zone.
- Isolating 'terrorists' -Officials said the passport regime will apply to the area of what the government calls the "anti-terrorist operation," but did not specify the exact outlines of the zone.
Sergiy Astakhov, an aide to the border guard chief, said the measure did not mean Kiev was giving up on recovering the separatist area.
"This is Ukrainian territory, but given that militants are temporarily controlling it, we have to carry out the necessary checks," Astakhov said.
"It is also connected with the fact that armed Russians are freely entering these territories through checkpoints on the Ukrainian-Russian frontier that are controlled by militants.
We have to take measures so that they cannot go beyond the zone of the anti-terrorist operation," he said.
The measure dovetailed with Yatsenyuk's announcement of the complete severing of subsidies to rebel-held areas, including pensions, though not heating gas and electricity.
"We don't want to finance imposters and conmen," he said of the rebel leaders.
"As soon as the terrorists clear out of there and we get back the territory, then we will pay every person the welfare payments they have the right to.
""To pay today is to directly finance terrorism," he said.
4 billion in subsidies -Those cuts will translate into a massive reduction in funds going to regions ruled by the self-declared Donetsk People's Republic and Lugansk People's Republic, two rebel entities which held controversial leadership elections last Sunday.
Yatsenyuk said subsidies in rebel areas of both Donetsk and Lugansk add up to about $2.
4 billion (1.
8 billion euros) a year.
The cuts will affect hundreds of thousands of pensioners, among others.
However, Viktor Zamyatin, an analyst at Razumkov Centre think tank, said the government had taken the right decision.
"How can you send money to a territory that you don't control? It's a logical step," he said.
"There is no guarantee that that money which is meant to go to budgetary expenses wouldn't be used, for example, to buy the militants weapons.
"The September peace accord aimed to save Ukraine's unity, with rebel zones being given broad autonomy, rather than independence.
However in the wake of Sunday's rebel elections, President Petro Poroshenko said separatists had "torpedoed" the proposal and that parliament should withdraw the autonomy offer.
Poroshenko also said he had ordered troop reinforcements to cities across the east in response to frequent threats by rebels to expand their offensive.
© 2014 AFP