Childcare in Moscow
If you're looking for childcare in Moscow, you'll find kindergartens, schools and nannies in Russia, as well as child allowance and child support options.
Moscow, and Russia in general, offers benefits for maternity leave, single parents and more to assist in childcare. Here's a guide to your options, as well as kindergartens, schools and nannies.
Kindergartens in Moscow
Kindergarten is regulated by regional and local authorities, and the Ministry of Education and Science regulates only a brief pre-school preparation program for children ages five to six.
The Russian system provided for universal primary (one to three years of age) and kindergarten (three to seven years of age) service in urban areas, relieving working mothers from daytime child care needs.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union the number of the kindergarten buildings decreased and large cities encountered a shortage of kindergarten vacancies. Moscow offers specialised kindergaten commissions available in certain locations around the city when empy slots are available. To get into this childcare system, it’s common for parents to sign their children on the waiting list as soon as they are born.
Nannies / Babysitters in Moscow
When choosting a nanny, the main decision is whether to choose a Russian nanny or a nanny from another nationality, or your own nationality.
A Russian nanny might be willing to help you with other daily tasks, such as ordering water over the phone and enrolling your child in a Russian detsky sad (kindergarten). Where Filipino nannies, for example, tend to be more willing to do household work as well as childcare.
This is a Russian education institution for children usually three to seven years of age; known as a cheaper option, and generally more convenient.
After a few months immersed in a Russian speaking environment, younger children generally find it easier to learn the language. Children under school age usually cope well and start understanding and speaking Russian relatively quickly.
This gets harder as the child gets older so you might prefer to keep your child in an international school.
Russian child allowance and maternity leave
Child monetary benefit is paid to families with low income that’s below the locally determined minimum subsistence level. The one condition is that the child must reside in the household. If a parent fails to pay alimony, supplements are paid; single parents receive twice the amount of child allowance to assist single mums and dads.
Maternity leave is paid to insured or unemployed parents until the child is 18 months old. The benefit is 40 percent of the insured’s average wage within the last 12 months.
Exactly 100 percent of the insured’s gross earnings in the last 12 months is paid for 70 days before the expected date of childbirth and 70 days after childbirth. However, this may be extended by an additional 14 or 40 days in certain cases.
Working mothers and child support
A large proportion of the workforce are working mothers. Most Russians, including women, value a women’s role in society as a mother and housekeeper far more than her role as an employee, and generally she is expected to be all three simultaneously.
It is a well- recognised fact that men occupy most of the powerful and best-paid positions in the workplace. Pregnant women or women with a child one to three years of age are strictly forbidden to work at night. When a pregnant woman leaves her job to give birth and look after her child, there is a requirement for a three-year paid maternity leave for child care.
A woman with an employment contract is entitled to pair maternity leave from 70 days prior to giving birth and 70 days after. Maternity leave benefits are based on the minimum wage rather than on a woman’s current wage.
Russia also provides a maternity grant, which is a one-time payment totalling three times the minimum wage (or 45 percent of the minimum wage in the case of mothers who have worked less than one year). In order to receive a maternity allowance, a woman must have an employment contract. Once that’s obtained, the maternity allowance amounts to 100 percent of the mother’s salary, regardless of her length of employment.
Maternity allowances in Russia are followed by a monthly child allowance of 80 percent of the minimum wage for children up to 18 months old. This allowance may be supplemented by a child-care allowance set at 35 percent of the minimum wage to compensate for earnings lost in the course of caring for children in this age bracket.
Single mothers and those who receive no child support from the father of their child may obtain an additional 45 percent of the minimum wage up to their child’s sixth birthday. The figure is then increased to 50 percent and remains effective until the child is sixteen.
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