Awesome Amsterdam: A guide to Dutch-Indonesian cuisine
Dutch-Indonesian fusion food has become an integral part of the Dutch diet. Here's a guide to the Dutch favourites of Indonesian food in the Netherlands.
Are you wondering what a rijsttafel is? To newcomers, it might seem curious that saté is a popular dish on so many cafe menus in Amsterdam and around the Netherlands. Here's a guide on the delicious Dutch-Indonesian cuisine in the Netherlands.
Indonesia and the Dutch
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in the 16th century in search of cloves, nutmeg and pepper during the height of the spice trade. When the Dutch East India Company (VOC) went bankrupt in 1800, Indonesia became a treasured colony of the Netherlands. During this period the Dutch embraced the delicious Indonesian cuisine both at home and abroad.
There are now many Indonesian restaurants in the Netherlands, especially in large cities like Amsterdam, Den Haag, Utrecht and Rotterdam.
Indonesian ingredients like boemboe, sambal and ketjap can be found at nearly every Albert Heijn in the Netherlands. The Indonesian influence can also be seen with Dutch-Indonesian fusion foods like patat met satesaus and the inclusion of chicken saté on many cafe menus. Indonesian restaurants around the Netherlands often include foods from Suriname like roti on their menu as well.
Indonesian food in the Netherlands
Following is a guide to some common Indonesian foods you might find around the Netherlands in restaurants and grocery stores.
Ayam: Ayam or ajam is the Indonesian word for chicken. It is served in soups, grilled on skewers and braised in sauces among many other recipes. Saoto ayam is one of my favourite soups. Have you tried it? You can find delicious saoto ayam at Spang Makandra and ‘t Saoto Huisje in Amsterdam.
Bami: Bami are thin egg noodles commonly served stir fried (called bami goreng) with garlic, onion, meats, vegetables, egg and chili. This dish is thought to have been introduced to Indonesia by the Chinese, based on their chow mein. Bami goreng is often served as a main dish or combined with meats and vegetables.
Boemboe: a spicy sweet chili paste that is used to flavour dishes in cooking Indonesian foods. You can find many types of boemboe at Albert Heijn and other grocers.
Gado-gado: Gado-gado is a popular Indonesian vegetable dish that is served with bumbu kacang or peanut sauce. Ingredients in the salad can include cooked vegetables and potatoes, raw cucumber and lettuce, fried tofu or tempeh, and peeled and sliced hardboiled egg.
Ketjap: This Indonesian soy sauce comes in several varieties. Ketjap manis is a sweet, thick version while ketjap asin is similar to a light soy sauce. Ketjap manis sedang is somewhere between ketjap manis and ketjap asin.
Kroepoek: also spelled krupuk, these are puffy, crunchy fried prawn crackers typically served as an appetizer.
Loempia: These spring rolls are made of rice paper and are typically filled with vegetables, meat and noodles, then deep fried. They are often served with a sweet and sour chili sauce.
Nasi: Nasi means rice, and is commonly served in the form of nasi goreng which is rice that has been stir fried with onion, garlic, ketjap manis, tamarind and chili. Nasi goreng is considered the national dish of Indonesia, and can be eaten on its own or as an accompaniment to many foods.
Rames: The word rames is used in restaurants to refer to a complete dish with nasi and/or bami, vegetables, and meat or tempeh. A rames dish usually costs about EUR 5–15.
Rendang: Meat, typically red meat like beef or lamb but sometimes chicken, that is cooked slowly in coconut milk and spices is known as rendang and is one of our favourite Indonesian dishes. The spices may include ginger, garlic, galangal, turmeric, lemon grass and chili. It is usually served with vegetables and rice or noodles.
Rijsttafel: A large meal to be shared amongst a group, rijsttafel (rice table) is said to be a Dutch invention. It consists of rice with many small dishes of spiced vegetables and meats. Rijsttafel is commonly seen on the menu of Indonesian restaurants all over Amsterdam and is usually priced between EUR 20–30 per person. A good place to try rijsttafel in Amsterdam is Tempo Doeloe or Kantjil en de Tijger.
Sambal: Sambal is a spicy ground chili sauce that is commonly served as a condiment or used in cooking Indonesian food. Yum!
Saté: Satay is an Indonesian dish of meat marinated in spices then skewered on sticks and grilled over a flame. The meat is often served with a spiced peanut sauce, which the Dutch also call saté or satésaus.
Satésaus: Peanuts were introduced to Indonesia from Mexico by Spanish and Portuguese traders in the 16th century and have become a staple in the diet throughout southeast Asia. Peanuts are common in many Indonesian dishes, and satésaus features them as the starring ingredient. This sauce is supposed to be a perfect savoury balance of slightly sweet and slightly spicy.
Spekkoek: The pretty spiced layer cake known as spekkoek is a Dutch-Indonesian invention. Some believe that this tasty treat is related to the Dutch speculaas cookies with their similar clove, cinnamon and ginger flavour. Spekkoek is very labour intensive to prepare, and therefore is priced quite high in many stores but worth it!
Tahoe: this is the Dutch-Indonesian word for tofu and is often served fried or sauteed with a spiced sauce.
Tempeh: Made from fermented soybeans bound into cake form, tempeh is a vegetarian product originally from Indonesia. It is delicious when marinated then fried or sauteed, and is often served with spiced sauces. Another favourite of ours!
We hope you have enjoyed this short explanation of Dutch-Indonesian foods that can be found around the Netherlands. Suggest one of your favourite restaurants by leaving a comment!
Awesome Amsterdam is a website highlighting the best of the city, offering tips and ideas for expats, locals, travellers and tourists. Check out their agenda, follow them on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram and sign up for their email newsletter for information right in your inbox. Photo credits: Crisco 1492 via Wikimedia Commons (Loempia), Laig (Nasi goreng), Takeaway via Wikimedia Commons (Rijsttafel).
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