Should the king die before 2021, Máxima will also retain parental authority over Amalia.
She will then be supported by two family members and three others: the vice president of the government's highest advisory body, the Raad van State, the president of the national auditor and the president of the supreme court.
The provision for a regency are contained in a draft law which has been sent to the lower and upper houses of parliament, and is aimed at achieving a smooth continuation of the monarchy.
If Máxima has already died before Willem-Alexander, prince Constantijn, the king's younger brother, will become regent.
The last time there was a regency in the Netherlands was when king Willem III died. His daughter, Wilhelmina, was ten years old at the time and her mother, Emma, was appointed regent. Wilhelmina officially became queen in 1898.
Join Saucially in sampling some of the finest Indian cuisine in Amsterdam. Sit down in a mood lit environment and cosy surroundings and get first class service all night with Mogul in the heart of Amsterdam.
Looking for love? Meet the most eligible internationals in the Netherlands just in time for Valentine's Day. Expatica SpeedDate is a great alternative to the time-consuming, superficial bar scene and the agonising blind date.
A guide to Dutch immigration and residency regulations
A guide to telephone, internet and television along with utility services water, electricity and gas in the Netherlands.
Lost in the Dutch immigration system? Look no further than this guide compiled for our Survival Guide 2012.
Expatica offers a whistle-stop tour of life in the modern Netherlands.
The challenges and benefits of the maternity system in the Netherlands and how it differs to other countries.