Population growth lowest since 1920
9 February 2005, AMSTERDAM — Dutch population growth plummeted last year to the lowest level since 1920, reporting just 34,000 new residents or half of that recorded in 2003, the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) said on Wednesday.
9 February 2005
AMSTERDAM — Dutch population growth plummeted last year to the lowest level since 1920, reporting just 34,000 new residents or half of that recorded in 2003, the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) said on Wednesday.
The CBS said the low population grow was due to a continued decline in immigration and a continued rise in the rate of emigration. On 1 January 2005, there were 16.3 million people living in the Netherlands.
Population growth has slowed since 2000, when the population increased by 123,000. The number of new residents in 2004 represents almost a half of that recorded in 2000, the CBS said in a press release.
A declining natural growth rate (births minus deaths) in recent years has played a factor. But the main cause of the low population growth rate was a surplus of people leaving the country: the number of emigrants topped the number of immigrants by almost 23,000 last year, the first such surplus in 20 years.
In total, 112,000 people left the country last year, the highest amount ever. This is 7 percent higher than in 2003. Immigration declined by 14 percent to 90,000 due to poor economic growth and tougher immigration laws.
The number of immigrants from Turkey, Morocco, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles has been reduced significantly. Last year, 2,900 Moroccans entered the country compared with 4,900 in 2003, while the number of Turkish immigrants fell from 6,700 to 3,900.
The immigration of Polish people has increase noticeably since Poland's entry to the European Union on 1 May 2004. The number of Polish immigrants has doubled from 2,200 in 2003 to 4,900 last year.
For the first time in many years, the number of first generation migrants did not increase in 2004, but the number of second generation migrants increased by 29,000, the CBS said.
At the start of this year, 1.69 million non-western immigrants were living in the Netherlands, 283,000 more than on 1 January 2000. The percentage of non-western immigrants has thus increased to about 10 percent of the population.
The number of western immigrants has risen by 54,000 to 1.42 million, representing 9 percent of the population.
[Copyright Expatica News 2005]
Subject: Dutch news