Netherlands remembers Japan's surrender
15 August 2006, AMSTERDAM — The Netherlands on Tuesday marks the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II 61 years ago.
15 August 2006
AMSTERDAM — The Netherlands on Tuesday marks the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II 61 years ago.
The central location of the commemoration is the World Forum Convention Center in The Hague and the nearby monument to the former Dutch East Indies. Joost van Bodegom (1936), the new chairperson of the 15 August Remembrance Foundation, is among the scheduled speakers in the congress centre.
Another speaker is writer Yvonne Keuls who was born in Batavia (Jakarta) in 1931. She has written books about her family in the Dutch East Indies.
Directly afterwards there will be a ceremony at the Dutch East Indies monument on the Teldersweg. The work of art was designed by Jaroslawa Dankowa and unveiled in 1988. Author Adriaan van Dis, who wrote about the war with Japan, will make a speech. Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende and Parliamentary chairman Frans Weisglas are among the invited dignitaries.
The Dutch State took over the territories controlled by the Dutch East Indies Company when the firm went bust in 1816. Several treaties were signed during Dutch rule that helped mark out the borders of what is now Indonesia.
The Netherlands was occupied by the Germans in May 1940 and Japan defeated the last Dutch forces in the Dutch East Indies in March 1942.
Indonesian national Sukarno declared independence two days after the Japanese surrender on 15 August 1945 and he was appointed president before the end of the month.
The Netherlands tried to re-assert control over the area, sparking a guerrilla war with the nationalists. The Dutch responded with brutality and had recaptured much of the country by 1949. But faced with mounting criticism in the UN, Queen Juliana transferred sovereignty to a federal Indonesian Government on 27 December 1949.
[Copyright Expatica News + ANP 2006]
Subject: Dutch news