Greenland votes for new parliament
Recent polls suggest a potential political shift where the ruling party for the past 30 years may be ousted by a pro-independence opposition party.Copenhagen – Greenlanders go to the polls Tuesday to elect members of the local parliament with surveys predicting a major win for a pro-independence opposition party in the Danish territory.
The polls come as Greenland prepares for its new self-rule status that takes effect in three weeks, paving the way for independence and giving the island rights to lucrative Arctic resources.
Public opinion polls have suggested the pro-independence opposition party Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA) could oust the social democratic Siumut party from power after 30 years in government.
The head of Greenland's local government, Hans Enoksen of the Siumut party, called the snap election in April, six months ahead of schedule.
He said it was appropriate to ask voters whom they would like to see lead Greenland "into this new era".
A vast majority of Greenlanders, 75.5 percent, voted "yes" to greater autonomy in a referendum held in November 2008.
The self-rule status, which enters into force on 21 June, will also grant Greenland control over justice and police affairs and, to a certain extent, foreign affairs.
With its 2.1 million square kilometre (840,000 square mile) surface, 80 percent of which is covered by ice, Greenland is the world's largest island and contains 10 percent of the world's fresh water reserves.
Independence has grown especially important due to the potentially lucrative revenues from natural resources under Greenland's seabed and icecap, which according to international experts is home to large oil and gas deposits as well as diamonds, gold and other minerals.
Melting ice in the Arctic owing to climate change could make the region more accessible to exploration in the future.
The IA party, which served in a coalition government with Siumut until 2007, was seen winning 44 percent of votes, almost double its score of 23 percent in the 2005 elections, according to a recent poll.
That score would dethrone Siumut as the biggest party.
According to political observers, voters are expected to punish Siumut for its perceived abuses of power after a slew of scandals.
It was seen losing three percentage points to 28 percent, while its coalition partner, the liberal Atassut party, would lose more than half of its support to 9.0 percent.
Greenland, an island of 57,000 inhabitants, is rife with social problems, such as alcoholism, and one in three children is a victim of domestic violence and has bad living conditions.
Hospital waiting lists are lengthy, the gap is growing between the rich and the poor, and corruption scandals have made headlines of late.
Following the lead of the British media, the local AG newspaper recently revealed "the extravagances of the elite", sparking an uproar among the Greenlandic public.
AG exposed Siumut officials' expenses abuses, including dinners with family and friends, trips and furniture all paid for with taxpayer money.
Enoksen has been accused of spending DKK 1,400 (EUR 190, CHF 285) on a meal with his wife at a Copenhagen restaurant, an expense he insisted was a "meeting on the sick people in Greenland".
Polling stations open at 9:00 am (1100 GMT) and close at 8:00 pm (2200 GMT). Preliminary results are expected around midnight (0200 GMT Wednesday).
AFP / Expatica