Britons find home is where the honey is
The ancient art of beekeeping is enjoying a renaissance in Britain, fuelled by concerns about the provenance of food and the desire to do something for the environment.In tiny urban gardens, Britons are doing their bit to counter the mysterious worldwide decline of bees -- they are starting to keep their own.
The ancient art of beekeeping is enjoying a renaissance in Britain, fuelled by concerns about the provenance of food and the desire to do something for the environment.
Jon Harris, 43, was a bee novice just seven months ago.
Now, with hundreds of bees buzzing around him in his white protective suit, he lifts the frames out of the hive in his compact back garden in Brixton, south London, and gives a satisfied smile at what he finds.
"That honeycomb is just amazing," he said, brushing off the remaining bees to reveal the white-crusted product of the busy insects' magic.
Harris has enjoyed a bumper first summer with his hive, harvesting 20 kilogrammes (45 pounds) of honey -- "which goes to prove there is something around here they love."
Bees don't need pastures of wild flowers to find nectar -- the hedgerows and bushes alongside the railway line behind his house are a perfect substitute. But they will happily fly up to four miles (6.5 kilometres) looking for food.
When Harris was made redundant from his job as a retail buying manager in March, he found he had time on his hands. He had always wanted to keep bees but he thought his garden was too small for a hive.
A one-day course on urban beekeeping set him on the right path.
"As long as you have enough room for a hive, you've got enough room to keep bees," he said. "It is one of those hobbies that gets you outdoors and it actually gets you involved with something natural as opposed to doing a pottery course or a photography course."
While bees are thriving in this one London garden, globally they are in trouble.
In September, experts gathered in the southern French city of Montpellier for the 41st world apiculture conference, Apimondia, to ponder why parts of North America and Europe, and now also Asia, have been struck by Colony Collapse Disorder, which can wipe out up to 90 percent of a bee community.
Chris Deaves, chair of education at the British Beekeepers' Association, said a combination of factors was probably to blame.
"The decline is real," he said. "In the UK last winter we lost about 21 percent (of the population). The winter before it was about 25 to 30 percent. It is probable that the cause is multi-layered."
Some experts say the blood-sucking varroa mite could be to blame but pesticides, viruses and industrialised farming are also suspected to be attacking and weakening bee communities.
"It is rather like a human being,” Deaves said, “when you are rundown you may start to exhibit the effects of the flu."
But his smile returns when he reflects on the newfound public enthusiasm for his passion in Britain.
He added that people are also concerned about having the capability to create food in the UK. People are increasingly worried about where their food comes from and how many air miles were involved in getting it to the dinner table.
Back in Brixton, Jon Harris' honey has travelled just a few steps from the garden to his kitchen.
He slices the honeycomb, takes a taste and licks his lips.
"It has got a very minty, eucalyptus-y taste to it when it comes out,” he said. “That dies back a bit. But it is probably the best honey I have tasted."