Pet relocation 101
Is your pet an 'at-risk' breed to travel, or 'crate-trained'? When relocating your pet abroad, owners must make an informed decision whether their pets are ready for the trip.
When relocating your pet abroad, the owner must make an informed decision as to whether their pet is up to the trip. It's therefore important to know the factors involved when making an international move with your pet.
Most pet owners treat Fido or Fluffy like another member of the family, with birthday parties and stockings full of rawhide hanging on the mantel during the holidays. These pet owners come from the school of thought that a pet is not just a pet—he or she is a beloved member of the family, an integral part of the home, and a loyal best friend.
At some point, relocation counsellors likely will be faced with the task of overseeing the move of this trusty companion. It is not always just a matter of handing off the transferee to a pet relocation company that specialises in the international door-to-door transfer of pets.
Many times, the relocation counsellor is the one responsible for having the initial conversation about the pet move with the transferee. Having a general knowledge of how the process works and answers to common questions will ease concerns about the pet’s upcoming move, and can facilitate a smooth transition from the relocation counsellor to the pet relocation company.
How does pet relocation work?
Pet relocation companies boast the ability to serve the entire world. The practice itself is fairly straightforward: pets typically are picked up at the transferee’s residence, checked in at the departure airport, cleared through customs on arrival, and delivered to their owner’s new residence.
Pet relocation specialists also usually are responsible for selecting appropriate flight arrangements, carefully reviewing the import and export documents, and counselling the transferee on the intricate details of the pet’s move.
Some pet relocation services arrange door-to-door moves by opening offices at major hubs or franchising their businesses in various parts of the world. However, a pet is not always travelling to and from the main ports of entry—sometimes it is necessary to facilitate customs clearances or deliveries in more obscure cities and countries.
As part of their membership, companies are given access to a network of pet transportation professionals worldwide that have guaranteed reputations for the services they provide.
“IPATA is crucial to upholding quality service for pet relocations,” said current IPATA President Gay O’Brien. “If a company wants to ensure its transferee’s clients are receiving the highest level of care, with careful attention paid to the well-being of the pets, IPATA’s listing of member companies is the best place to start.”
IPATA is comprised of pet transportation professionals—local pet taxis and veterinarians, major corporations, freight forwarders, and customs brokers. Because of IPATA’s exacting standards for membership, affiliates are able to safely coordinate the door-to-door service for the most precious of cargo.
As a way of bridging the gap often found in a global industry, IPATA also offers an annual conference where the members gather to meet and exchange ideas, attend classes on country import requirements and species-specific handling techniques, and attend forums where representatives from major airlines come to answer questions in a round-table format.
International requirements vary from country to country, so working with a quality pet-relocation company which is up-to-date on the current import requirements is critical.
These intricacies often can affect the overall cost, and many people tend to underestimate the rates surrounding a complete door-to-door relocation for a pet. The cost of the pet move consists of the ground transportation to and from the airports, the documentation and import fees, and the air freight charges for the pets.
When pets travel as cargo, the airlines generally charge for the dimensional weight of the travel crate, which sometimes can mean that the cost of a one-way international flight for a pet travelling overseas costs the same amount as a first-class, round-trip ticket for his or her owner.
The general transportation procedure may be understood by the transferee, but there often are concerns regarding the care and safety of his or her beloved pet(s), rather than the “nuts and bolts” of the logistics.
Following are breeds of pets that are susceptible to heat stroke and breathing problems when exposed to stress or extreme heat—a condition that puts them at risk for travel—because of hereditary respiratory problems.
- Boston Terrier
- English Bulldog
- French Bulldog
- Brussels Griffin
- Bull Terrier
- English Toy Spaniel
- Shih Tzu
- Lhasa Apso
- Japanese Chin
- Japanese Pug
“Most important is how our clients feel about [their pets’ moves],” said Rick Olson, regional operations manager of Crown Relocations, Los Angeles, CA. “It is a foreign process to them loaded with emotion and concern.”These sentiments and anxieties can lead to a multitude of questions for the relocation professional.
Why use an expert?
Many myths surround pet safety and air travel, which perpetuates anxieties that a transferee inevitably has when they first start contemplating a pet move. Most of the horror stories that circulate about pets flying are a direct result from pet owners attempting to fly their pets without assistance.
Anyone who has ever tried to highlight their hair using an at-home kit or build a deck after picking up some two-by-fours at the local hardware store knows that some processes—while not impossible to do on one’s own—often are better left to professionals. It helps to remind the transferee that they will be in experienced hands—for professional pet relocation companies, their duty is to ensure that every pet arrives safely and without incident.
The risk of extreme temperatures affecting the pet’s safety is one of the other common concerns among pet owners—many airlines even will embargo pets during the winter and summer months. However, most reputable pet relocation companies work with airlines that have programmes in place to keep pets in climate-controlled environments for the duration of the flight. The pet never is exposed to inclement weather, and this allows companies to relocate pets all over the world year-round.
‘Crate-train’ pets before the flight
Dogs escaping from or getting hurt while in their crates is an example of why pet relocation companies emphasise to clients that they crate-train their pet before the day of the flight. Some relocation companies even can arrange professional crate-training classes.
It is important to contact the pet relocation company as soon as a potential transferee mentions he or she might be relocating a pet, as the more time he or she can spend getting accustomed to his or her new crate, the more relaxed he or she will be on the day of the flight.
There are three different ways a pet can travel on an airplane: with the owner in the passenger cabin, as accompanied (or excess) luggage in the cargo hold, or as manifest cargo (typically without the owner).
Most owners initially want to take their pets in the cabin, but unfortunately because of airline restrictions on weight and size limits, as well as various government restrictions for international imports, rarely does a pet qualify to fly in the cabin.
However, as long as care is taken in choosing the correct airline, the cargo hold where the pet will travel always is pressurised and climate-controlled. This means a transferee’s pet will travel in comfort even when apart from its owner.
While direct flights always are ideal, direct routing is not the best way to make a decision as to the airline on which the pet should fly. “Pet-friendly” airlines such as Continental, Northwest, and KLM created cargo programmes designed to care for four-legged travellers.
Tips for transporting snub-nosed breeds:
- Use a larger travel crate than normally is required (four to six inches clearance on all sides).
- Use a travel crate with ventilation on four sides.
- Get the pet used to the travel crate by working on crate-training the pet before its departure.
- Provide plenty of water for the animal before, during, and after the flight.
“We have spent time and resources developing a service and product that caters to pets, with their best interests in mind, as well as those of their owners,” said Digna Faber, international sales manager—Variation Live (North America) of KLM Cargo’s Variation Live department, Los Angeles, CA.
“We only work with specialised agents who make the arrangements that include booking with KLM, coordination of health documentation, and communication to the shipper and consignee, again, in the best interests of the pet and owner alike. No matter if it is for import, export, or transit, all pets go through KLM Cargo’s Animal Hotel in Amsterdam, KLM’s primary hub," said Faber. The Animal Hotel offers care and attention by specialised and trained staff, and even on-site veterinary services, if required, around the clock.
Like KLM Cargo, other pet-friendly airlines have kennel facilities at their main hubs, where during the connection the pet can be checked on, fed, and given water. Other airlines are not adequately set up to take care of a pet in the event that there is a delay or emergency.
Despite all of this careful attention, there still are some pets that most pet relocation companies consider to be 'at-risk' when travelling. Older, infirm dogs and cats can travel, as there is no age limit, but it always is best for the transferee to seriously consider the amount of stress an elderly pet can endure.
High-anxiety pets also pose a risk for hyperventilation and injury to themselves if they are not properly crate trained and conditioned ahead of time.
Snub-nosed dogs, such as pugs and English bulldogs, are at an elevated risk for travelling because of their delicate respiratory systems, which can become impaired under high-stress situations. The length of travel and the pet’s individual personality can contribute to the amount of risk.
Ultimately, it is left to the pet owner’s discretion to make an informed decision whether to fly with their pet after consulting with their pet relocation specialist and veterinarian.
Navigating the diversity of import requirements
For transferees making international moves, the idea of sending their pets to new countries becomes even more daunting and worrisome.
At first blush, the variety of import requirements and quarantine restrictions can be overwhelming. Each country has its own set of individual import and export requirements, and it is important that the pet relocation professional have a familiarity with shipping to and from the transferee’s destination.
International relocations for pets, just like their human counterparts, require months of advance planning and careful attention to paperwork details. The most common misconception among pet owners concerns quarantine facilities and their attendant level of care.
Countries with unavoidable quarantine periods, such as Singapore and Australia, have created very comfortable, clean areas for pets to stay, not unlike modern boarding facilities found in the United States. Singa¬pore’s quarantine facility has visiting hours when owners can take their pets outside to designated pens for exercise.
The one caveat with these facilities is that they often fill up months in advance, so it is crucial for a transferee to be connected with the pet relocation specialist early on to secure quarantine booking ahead of time.
Other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Japan, have mandatory six-month quarantines; however, this usually can be avoided by doing what is known as 'home quarantine.'
A pet must receive a series of rabies shots, followed by a blood test, and then wait out the requisite amount of time in the origin country prior to travelling. This also requires ample advance planning and careful attention to the order in which the inoculations must be given.
Certain countries have restrictions on the types of animals that can be imported and exported. For example, many countries have banned American Pit Bull Terriers outright because of their aggressive reputations.
Switzerland does not allow animals with docked ears and tails into the country without proof that the owner of the pet is moving to Switzerland, such as a visa or residency permit. In September 2007, Indonesia banned all animals coming from anywhere in the United States (with the exception of Hawaii).
Import and export policies become increasingly thorny when dealing with exotic pets or animals, such as wild birds protected by international trade laws. It is crucial that exotic animals be properly exported, because if the owner ever needs to move his or her pet again, he or she will need to show past documentation demonstrating that the animal was legally brought into the country.
All of these delicate matters make up the stepping stones of an international pet relocation and are why it often takes several months to prepare all of the necessary documentation.
Home at last
After all of the stressors of moving, a transferee is at his or her happiest when the pet safely arrives at the new location. Through careful planning and open communication between the transferee and the pet relocation specialist, a corporate relocation professional does not have to be concerned with the intricacies of a pet move.
From Albany to Amsterdam, pet owners around the world will agree that their house is not a home until their best friend is resting beside them.
For more information on the varying regulations from country to country and within Europe read Navigating per relocation laws.
Rachel Farris / Worldwide ERC / Expatica
Rachel Farris is the team leader for Asia-Pacific and equine relocations at PetRelocation.com, Austin, TX. She can be reached at +1-512 264 9800 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Reprinted with permission of Worldwide ERC®, from the May 2008 issue of MOBILITY
Need advice? Post your question on Expatica's free Ask the Expert service to see if we can help.
Comment here on the article, or if you have a suggestion to improve this article, please click here.