Guide to Dutch literature
Contemporary Dutch literature has become popular reading around the world. Kirin Kalia offers a guide to the Netherland’s most popular authors and speaks to the organisation that is making Dutch books accessible to readers of all nationalities.
If Dutch television programmes, magazines, newspapers and radio broadcasts came with translations, learning more about the culture would be so much easier.
Yet, while you're struggling through Dutch classes and deciphering the latest weather report with a dictionary in hand, a whole world of insight is available in English translations of Dutch literature.
Many of the Netherlands' best-known authors - including journalist and historian Geert Mak, Cees Noteboom, Margriet de Moor, and "wunderkind" Arnon Grunberg - have had their works translated into English, especially since the mid-1990s.
Arguably the king of modern Dutch literature, Harry Mulisch has earned praise from literary critics and fiction lovers beyond the Netherlands for his 1992 epic novel, The Discovery of Heaven (De ontdekking van de hemel in Dutch), as well as for his earlier, World War II-focused book, The Assault (De aanslag).
The English-speaking world's increasing interest in Mulisch and other Dutch writers is no accident, though.
Look at the publishing information page their English translations, and you'll see that credit is given to "Foundation for the Production and Translation of Dutch Literature."
In fact, nearly every important recent Dutch book has been translated into and published in English, as well as French, German, and other languages, with the support of this government-funded organization.
Founded in 1991, the Amsterdam-based Foundation for the Production and Translation of Dutch Literature (http://www.nlpvf.nl/home.htm) aims to promote Dutch-language literature internationally, mainly via its Books from Holland and Flanders publication (produced in cooperation with Belgium's Ministry of the Flemish Community) and presence at top industry gatherings, such as the Frankfurt Book Fair.
With a current, yearly budget of 5.1 million guilders, or 2.3 million euros (800,000 guilders, or 363,000 euros, for translation costs), the Foundation subsidizes the publication of about 125 fiction books, 60 children's books, 40 non-fiction works, and a handful of poetry collections each year. About 60 titles were translated into English last year.
As Managing Director Rudi Wester quickly admits, cracking the British and American markets has been her most difficult task in 10 years of leading the foundation. Although 17 to 20 percent of the fiction published in Germany and France is translated from another language, about two percent of fiction in the United States and the United Kingdom comes from translated works.
"After eight years, finally, we got our feet in the door," Wester says, referring to the foundation's successful "Literature from the Low Countries" event at London's international book fair in March 1999. Twenty Dutch and Flemish authors read from their works and took part in discussions throughout a weeklong series of gatherings.
A similar event will take place in New York early next year, with eight Dutch authors speaking at the city's top universities.
"In England and the United States, Dutch literature is quite hot even," says Wester, adding, "I'm proud of that, I have to say, because it's [been] so difficult."
One of the hottest writers right now, according to Wester, is Renate Dorrestein, who received an unprecedented $250,000 advance from Viking Penguin for her most recent book.
Dorrestein's 1998 novel, Heart of Stone (Een hart van steen), gets mostly four and five stars from readers on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk.
"This Dutch author deserves recognition," writes one from Oxford, England. An American reader writes, "If her work continues to be translated as well as this tale, I foresee her fame growing here as well."
Indeed, the quality of the translation is vital to a book's success, which is why the foundation has its own list of translators for nearly every language imaginable. "We're so concerned about good translations because a bad translation can kill a story," Wester explains. The foundation only subsidizes translators it approves.
If, as Wester claims, "Every English and American publisher is looking for a great Dutch author who is selling well in the Netherlands" then reading popular Dutch books could put many expats ahead of their friends in keeping up with the "must-reads" back home.
Writers to read
- Manfred Wolf (edited) - Amsterdam: A Traveller's Literary Companion
- Hafid Bouazza - Abdullah's Feet
- Renate Dorrestein - A Heart of Stone
- Arnon Grunberg - Blue Mondays
- Arthur Japin - The Two Hearts of Kwasi Boachi
- Marcel Moring - The Great Longing; In Babylon
- Margriet de Moor - First Grey, Then White, Then Blue; The Virtuoso; Duke of Egypt
- Harry Mulisch - The Discovery of Heaven; The Assault; The Procedure
- Cees Noteboom - Rituals; The Following Story
- Geert Mak - Amsterdam; Jorwerd: The Death of the Village in Late Twentieth-Century Europe
- Cees Noteboom - Roads to Santiago: A Modern-Day Pilgrimage Through Spain
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