Traditional and popular festivals in Luxembourg
Here are some of the best festivals in Luxembourg that light up Luxembourg's cultural and social life.
Christmas markets, Riesling wine tastings, and a festival about nuts? Luxembourg bank holidays and festival seasons have an amusing fusion of party traditions from Germany and France with an added local twist. Small, local, and mostly off the books and travel guides, finding festivals in little Luxembourg often means vacation days arriving at the right time. Be greeted with a warm welcome with our listings of some of the best festivals and public holidays in Luxembourg that light up a joyful cultural and social life.
In Spring, most holidays and festivities in Luxembourg revolve around the Easter holiday weekend, from nationwide bonfire burnings to pretzel Sundays.
Buergbrennen “Bonfire Day”
This “Bonfire Day” (first Sunday after Lent) casts smoke clouds throughout Luxembourg as villagers burn wood in a pagan ritual to celebrate spring solstice. About 75 percent of the population celebrates by burning a large pile of wood with one or two leftover Christmas trees usually shaped as a cross. It might be a startling sight at first, but rest assured the burning cross simply symbolises the end of winter and coming of spring. The holiday was losing its “flame” as a popular celebration around France and Germany, but Luxembourg led the way to revive it.
Bretzelsonndeg “Pretzel Day”
Even pretzels have a religious “tie” in Luxembourg. “Pretzel Sunday” is part of the Lent tradition of semi-fasting for 40 days and eating mostly fruit and fish. The pretzel was a bread often baked as a symbol of Lent – its shape representing arms crossed in prayer. Nowadays pretzels in Luxembourg are madeover with sweet icing dipped in almond flakes, glazed with a sticky sweetness, or covered in salt crystals. The Pretzel Sunday Procession in Luxembourg City is made up of pastrycooks and a 'Pretzel Queen' walking about and handing out free pretzels.
Maundy Thursday “Clatter”
The Thursday before Easter Sunday carries a silence as church bells throughout the day refrain from ringing. Stillness is eventually broken by groups of children making noises of clattering, or kilbberen, with wooden instrument boxes that sound like wooden rattles. According to tradition, the church bells of Luxembourg have flown to Roman’s Saint Peter's Square for confession and an Easter bell ringing performance. Children in Luxembourg towns walk around with their klibberen singing a call that roughly means “Let the bells ring once, let them ring twice, let them ring out at random”.
Easter is one of the most important holidays of the year for many Luxembourgers, and is a multi-day celebration starting with Maundy Thursday and ending with Easter Monday. Children paint Easter eggs and the traditional food is rabbit, duck or pork roasts with poatoes and hearty spring vegetables. On Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday (Ouschtersonndeg), children go house to house to collect their reward for klibbering bells back to town in time for Easter (see Moundy Thursday), and usually receive chocolates or small money.On Easter Sunday, parents usually play "Easter Bunny" and hide candies and coloured eggs in little homemade nests for kids to hunt to find all the treats.
Emaischen “Pottery Birds”
Easter Monday (the Monday after Easter Sunday) holds a folklore festival with traditional pottery markets selling ceramics in Luxembourg City and Nospelt. Whistles and flutes, called Péckvillercher, are hand-painted ceramics designed to look like adorable, colourful little birds. Traditional folk dancing happens throughout the day as stands sell ceramic birds of all kinds, sizes, characters and types from chickens to penguins. As the only day to sell these Péckvillercher, there are thousands to “peck” at. Whistles are shaped like eggs, plump hens, meadowlarks hanging from ribbons and owls next to an endless rainbow of songbirds.
Octave aka Oktavsmäertchen
Octave is on the third Sunday after Easter, a religious holiday time that ends with a procession on the 5th Sunday after Easter. While the holiday time is to pay tribute to the Virgin Mary, religious traditions aside, people seem to enjoy most the “Oktavsmäertchen” or Octave Market. Traditionally, the market was organised to ensure pilgrims had a place to eat and take refuge after church. Nowadays, the market offers a handful of restaurants a popular fish dish, burgers, drinks, souvenirs and games for locals and visitors.
Ascension Day is a bank holiday on May 1 in Luxembourg, and is celebrated 40 days after Easter Sunday. Most shops and businesses are closed, and this includes supermarkets. While some shops are open there might be early closing hours, and if you’re in a pinch locals know to try the petrol stations for last-minute needs. While this Catholic holiday is observed across many European countries, there are few traditions that take place apart from possible processions and cooking meals with seasonal produce.
Whit Tuesday in mid-May
Whit Tuesday in mid-May carries a tradition that has been around since medieval times. Anyone living around the eastern Luxembourg town of Echternach will enjoy a traditional dancing procession held on Whit Tuesday. Groups of dancers and musicians gather together and move through the streets while playing traditional songs as they dance to the basilica.
On 23 June the people of Luxembourg have a public holiday to celebrate the Grand Duke’s birthday called “National Day”. No duke or duchess has ever had a birthday on this day, but either way the holiday commemorates the Grand Duchess Charlotte who rules from 1919 to 1964. There are celebrations across the country, notably Luxembourg City. A torchlight procession is held the night before, and there are fireworks the night of across the Petrusse Valley. Mass is held at the cathedral, and a party follows in the city with dozens of food stands, music, drinks and dancing. There are official ceremonies, military parades, and to top it off a 101-cannon salute to honour National Day.
Summer Wine festivals
Wine festivals are village events usually held in spring through late summer, arranged at local wineries or outdoors. Wine festivals are complimented with live music and traditional food together with local wine (and beer). On the different 'Proufdags' (tasting day) in May and June, each winery opens its cellars and organises tastings of its latest seasonal wines. Villages along the Moselle river are the usual locations, and to celebrate a harvest sometimes the town’s fountains flow with wine. Grevenmacher and the Reisling Open in September are must popular.
Each year, on Saint Barthélémy’s Eve (23 August), a great fair is set up at Limpertsberg in Luxembourg City. The Schueberfouer is the annual Luxembourg city funfair held for eight days on the Glacis square with food stands, rides and rollercoasters galore. It has been going strong for over 600 years, with the first fair held in 1340. Game booths for children, epic rollercoaster rides and live entertainment are all in the mix, alongside food stands and candy shops staying open until one and two in the morning.
Festival de Wiltz
The month of July hosts Festival de Wiltz, an open air music and performing arts event with live concerts and theatre nightly amongst a backdrop of the Wiltz castle. Thousands of spectators come to enjoy the classical themes on summer nights, from operas like Phantom of the Opera to jazz icons like Miles Davis, world music, classical soloists and more.
This Catholic holiday is a tribute to the departure of Virgin Mary into heaven. It is usually celebrated by a feast. Most shops and businesses are closed, and this includes supermarkets. While some shops are open there might be early closing hours, and if you’re in a pinch locals know to try the petrol stations for last-minute needs.
Echternach International Festival
The Echternach Music Festival has been held in May and June since 1975 at Echternach in the east of Luxembourg. The festival is a nightly mix of classical music performed in the 18th century basilica of Saint Willibord and Saint Peter and Paul church. Their jazz festival follows and is held in September and October. World music, modern jazz, and solo composers like Yo-Yo Ma have played here alongside young talent from Luxembourg and abroad.
Vianden Medieval Festival
This medieval festival is the largest in Luxembourg situated around the old stone Vianden castle around the first week of August. The medieval theme from this bygone era is alive throughout the day and "knight" with a diverse programme from campfires and combat shows to juggling, calligraphy shows and more. There is a medieval crafts market, concerts of traditional medieval music, and an array of hearty tavern foods from centuries before. Live entertainment like belly dancers and snake charmers dance to drum beats as guests enjoy grilled meats and jovial cheer.
A nut market festival might sound amateur, but Luxembourgers go wild with walnut harvesting in fall at the Veiner Nëssmoort nutmarket. The celebration is usually held around the second Sunday of October in the northern town of Vianden on their main street. stands with nuts, products made with nuts (oh, try the nuts bread or the nuts pate’ please and tell me you don’t love them!). Stands sell traditional nuts and nut products, nut breads and nut schnaps along with the usual biers and sausages. Music and activities are there for the kids.
Christmas Holidays and New Years
December 6: Nikloosdaag is the festival of Saint Nicholas is when children receive presents from St. Nicholas and his sidekick ‘Père Fouettard’ (dressed in black and holding a stick to punish naughty children). Christmas markets are a big deal, brought over by the German influence and fully-loaded with adorable gift huts, cosy carolling and steamy festive mulled spiced wine. The largest is at place d’Armes in Luxembourg City throughout December up to Christmas Eve. As is the case every year, Luxembourg's Grand Duke Henri gave his Christmas speech on Christmas Eve greeting citizens of the Grand Duchy.
Luxembourg for New Year’s is mild and pleasant, with many locals off on skiing holidays or beach spots, and internationals home for the holidays. But the place isn’t dead entirely, and heading into Luxembourg City for the night has its cute perks like an ice skating rink and luxury hotels putting on ritzy dinners with champagne.
Luxembourgers love Three Kings Day (‘Dräikinneksdag’) because its main duty is to eat the traditional Twelfth Night pastry cake. Also known as the Feast of the Epiphany, whoever finds the bean hidden inside the cake is made ‘king’ or ‘queen’ for the day. The cake itself is a pastry tart filled with frangipane almond filling.
The English translation of Liichtmëss is Candlemass. In the evening children carrying liichtebengelchen (light sticks) go around their neighbourhood singing a traditional song about the festival of lights at the houses they visit. In return, they receive sweets. These liichtebengelchen are more like lightweight lamps, and are handmade or bought in a variety of colours, sizes and shapes.
Luxembourg’s Carnival comes to shake out all the vices for one last pre-Lent celebration. Like its neighbouring countries of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, Carnival is one great party weekend to dress up in silly costumes and party, with of course the rational reasoning that the good times will be sacrificed for upcoming Lent. Is Lent a widely-celebrated holiday still in Luxembourg? Not really, but it never was a reason to tame down a good time. The Luxembourg carnival, known as Fuesent, traditionally begins on Candlemass (2 February) and ends on Aschermëttwoch (Ash Wednesday, 8 March).
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