Sex abuse by troops on international missions
Following is a recap of major cases of alleged or confirmed sexual abuse within the framework of international military missions in the past 10 years:
- CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: On April 29, 2015, the British daily The Guardian publishes allegations of child sex abuse by French peacekeeping soldiers in the Central African Republic in 2014. Fourteen soldiers are implicated in the abuse, judicial sources said.
- AFGHANISTAN: On January 18, 2012, Britain says it has arrested two soldiers deployed in Afghanistan as part of a NATO force over allegations of sexual attacks on Afghan children.
- HAITI: On January 23, 2012, the United Nations opens an investigation into two cases of suspected sexual abuse of children in Port-au-Prince and Gonaives by police officers present as part of the UN Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). The officer's nationality are not revealed.
In September 2011, images of the rape of an 18-year-old Haitian woman by six Uruguayan soldiers are posted on the Internet. Five of the soldiers are put behind bars.
On November 2, 2007, the UN announces that 108 Sri Lankan soldiers serving under a UN mandate in Haiti have been sent home after paying for sexual acts, some of which involved minors.
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: The UN mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo MONUC has been repeatedly hit by allegations of sexual abuse, including of minors, since its launch in 2001.
On September 11, 2008, a French former UN mechanic is sentenced in Paris to nine years in prison for the rape of two minors in DR Congo, where he was a MONUC employee.
The man was accused of sexual attacks against 23 minors during missions in the Central African Republic between 1998-2000 and the DR Congo between 2000-2004.
In February 2005, the UN forbid sexual relations between soldiers serving under UN mandates in DR Congo and Congolese nationals following the revelation of sex abuse of 13-year-old girls.
In September 2005, 120 Nigerian policemen employed by MONUC are sent home after almost a dozen are suspected of sexual harassment.
On February 12, 2005, Morocco announced legal proceedings against six soldiers serving with MONUC, who were implicated in sexual violence against minors.
- IVORY COAST: On September 2, 2011, the UN mission in the Ivory Coast (UNOCI) expresses its "deepest regrets" following accusations of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers in the country.
On May 30, 2008, UNOCI opens an internal investigation into charges of rape of a 12-year-old girl by UN troops that was revealed by the British charity Save the Children.
On July 23, 2007, UNOCI issues a statement regarding abuse committed by Moroccan troops in Bouake. They were accused of sexual relations with minors following a preliminary internal investigation, the first of its kind since the mission was launched in 2004.
- SOMALIA: On November 6, 2014, Uganda suspends 15 senior officers while investigating allegations by Human Rights Watch lobby group that African Union troops serving in Somalia had sexually exploited women and girls at bases in Mogadishu.
- SUDAN: On January 5, 2007, the British newspaper Daily Telegraph cited UN sources as saying the organisation had suspended four UN peacekeeping soldiers from Bangladesh following accusations of sexual exploitation of children in southern Sudan.
- LIBERIA: On May 9, 2006, the UN suspends a staff worker with its mission in Liberia (UNMIL) as it investigates eight cases of alleged sexual exploitation, following revelations by Save the Children of abuse of girls as young as eight in Liberian refugee camps.
© 2015 AFP